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22 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is used for normal cellular energy fuel?
Glucose
The Alpha cells of the exocrine pancreas secrets (blank) and the beta cells of the exocrine pancreas secrets (blank).
glucogon
insulin
(Blank) is stored in the liver and large muscles to be converted into glucose when needed.
Glycogin
(Blank) stimulates the liver and large muscles to break down glycogen into glucose.
Glucogon
The presence of glucose, fatty acids and amino acids in the intestines stimulates the pancreatic beta cells to release (blank) into the blood.
insulin
(Blank) is a protein hormone that is produced and secreted by the alpha cells of the pancreas.
Glucoagon
(Blank) stimulates the liver and muscles to bereak down stored glycogen and release glucose.
Glucogon
The process of breaking down glycogen into glucose is called (blank).
glycogenolysis
The presence of glucose, fatty acids and amino acids in the intestines causes the pancreatic beta cells to release (blank) and inhibits the pancreatic alpha cells from secreting (blank).
Insulin
glucogon
Without (blank), cells cannot absorb glucose and the blood sugar level rises.
insulin
80% of all diabetic deaths are due to DKA and hypoglycemia. True or False?
`False. 80 % of all diabetic deaths are attritubed to atherosclerosis which causes heart attack, stroke, and kidney failure.
In addition to being the transporter of glucose into the cells, insulin also regulates....
carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism. Insulin is critical for thier breakdown and storage. Without insulin, the body breaks down muscle protein leading to muscles wasting and ketone formation.
Home medications that help stimuate beta cells to release more insulin are called (blank).
Sulfonyluyeas such as Diabeta, Micronase, Glucotrol and Amaryl.
Two home medications that decreases insulin resistance in muscle cells and decrease glucose production from the liver are (Blank and Blank).
Glucophage (metformin) and Glucovance (glyburide)
Prandin and Starlix are home meds that help the diabetic by....
stimulating the pancreas' beta cells to produce more insulin.
Avandia and Actos are....
Type II Diabetic home medications that reduce digestion and absorption of carbohydrates into the systemic circulation.
Type II diabetes is also refered to as NIDDM or ...
non-insulin dependant diabetes mellitus.
What is HHNC (Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Nonketotic Coma)?
....a syndrome that occurs in type ii Diabetics who still produce some insulin but not enough to prevent severe hyperglycemia. The hyperglycemia causes osmotic diuresis, extracellular fluid depletion and severe dehydration.
Exothalmos (protruding eyeballs), Goiter (enlarged thyroid gland), poor heat tolerance ann tachycardia are signs of what Thyroid disorder?
Graves Disease
Increased sympathetic stimulation of high fever (often 106 F), irritability, restlesssness, tachycardia and arrhythmias with CHF are all signs of what thyroid disorder?
Thyroid Storm.
Intolerance of cold, Unexplained weight gain, constipation, thinning hair, dry, coarse skin, fatigue are early signs and symptoms what thyroid disorder?
hypothyroidism
Metformin (Glucophage)
Metformin (Glucophage) is used with a proper diet and exercise program to control high blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes (non-insulin-dependent diabetes). Controlling high blood sugar helps prevent kidney damage, blindness, nerve problems, loss of limbs, and sexual function problems. Proper control of diabetes may also lessen your risk of a heart attack or stroke. Metformin belongs to the class of drugs known as biguanides. It works by helping to restore your body's proper response to the insulin you naturally produce, and by decreasing the amount of sugar that your liver makes and that your stomach/intestines absorb.