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5 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The West
religious freedom; plentiful cheap, or free land; co-op societies could escape competition industrially and socially; utopias made by religious groups like the Mennonites at Ephrata, Penn 1732
Shakers
Quaker offshoot lead by Mother Ann Lee in England. By 1830, there were groups in the US. They were self-sufficient agricultural settlements noted for crafts
Oneida community
lead by John Humphrey Noyes to create a Perectionist religious community. practiced complex marriage (free love). successful small industry including steel traps and silverware. survived until 1879
New Harmony
Robert Owen founded the community in Indianna in 1825. Cooperative labor and collective ownershi. Early socialism experiment; died in two years due to "laziness"
Brook Farm
(1841) Many figures including Emerson and Hawthorne were involved in this. Lasted 5 years and succumbed to debt. Had a successful school.