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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A common cause of UTI
Gram (-) rod
"swarmer"
Lactose non-fermenter
Produces an endotoxin
Urease (+): important for causing pyelonephritis
Proteus mirabilis
UTIs in hospitalized patients
Gram (-) rod
non-motile
lactose fermenter
Virulence:
capsule K Ag
fimbrae for adhesion
Klebsiella
Common in patients with recurrent UTI
Gram (-) rods
Motile
Lactose fermenter
Multi-drug resistance is emerging.
Enterobacter
Gram (+) coci in clusters
Transmission from normal flora of the skin and GU mucosa.
Catalase (+)
Coagulase (-)
**Novobiacin resistant
Staphylococcus saprophyticus
Gram (-) bacillus/rods
Enteric bacteria
Opportunistic- hospitalized patients
Characteristic red pigment
Serratia marscenscens
5-15% of cases of cystitis in young women

Prevent by urination after intercourse
Staphylococcus saprophyticus
Common in patients with recurrent infections.
Important nosocomial pathogen.
Gram (-) rods
Motile, aerobe
oxidase (+)
biofilm formation
Pseudomonas aeurginosa
Common in patients with recurrent infections.
normal flora in the GU tract
multi-drug resistance (VRE)
Enterococci
Important nosocomial pathogen
Device related (catheter)
Biofilm formation
Prevention: catheter care
Staph epidermidis
Common in hospitalized patients on broad spectrum antibiotics.
Diabetic patients
Immunosuppressed
Candida albicans