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31 Cards in this Set

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Asperger Disorder
Milder form of autism
Rett Disorder
X linked, boys die in utero, girls are retarded with hand wings
Tourettes
Haloperidol
Neurotransmitters:
Anxiety
Depression
Schizophrenia
1) +NE, -GABA, -5HT
2) -NE, -5HT
3) +DA
Delerium
Anticholinergics, disorganized thinking, hallucinations illusions misperceptions distrubances of in sleep wake cycle, abnormal eeg
Dementia
Gradual memory loss, loss of abstract thought, normal eeg
Schizoprenia
Periods of psychosis and disturbed behavior and functioning lasting > 6 months
Need 2 or more + Symptoms
Schizophreniform
Periods of psychosis and distrubed behavior and functioning lasting 1-6 months
Brief Psychotic Disorder
Stress related psychosis and disturbed behavior and functioning lasting < 1 month
Schizophrenia Positive Symptoms
1) Delusions
2) Hallucinations
3) Disorgnized thought (loose associations
4) Disorganzied or catatonic behavior
Schizophrenia Negative Symptoms
1) Flat Affect
2) Social WIthdrawl
3) Lack of motivation
4) lack of speech and thought
5) poor grooming
6) thought blocking
5 subtypes of Schizophrenia
1) Disorganized
2) Catatonic
3) Paranoid
4) Undifferentiated
5) Residual
Schizoaffective
combination of schizophrenia and a mood disorder
Bipolar Disorder

Cylothymic Disorder
Lithium

Milder form lasting at least 2 years
Manic DIGFAST
D: Distractability
I: Irresponsibile
G: Grandiosity
F: Flight of ideas
A: +Activity/Agitation (goal orientated)
S: (-)Sleep
T: Talkative
SIGECAPS
Sleep
Interst
Guilt
Energy
Concentration
Anhedonia
Psychomotor retardiation
Suicide
Major Depressive Disroder

Dysthymia
2 or more episodes with a symptom free interval of 2 months

Milder form of depression lasting at least 2 years
Sleep Paterns of the Depressed
↓ Slow Waves
↓ REM Latency (get there fast)
↑ REM early in sleep
↑ Total REM sleep
Repeated nighttime awakening
*Early Morning awakening*
Panic Disroder
Palpitations, Paresthesia, Abdominal distress, Nausea, Fear of Dying/Losing control
Tx with SSRI, Benz, Desensitization, Cognitive
PTSD

Acute Stress Disorder
Avoidance of stimuli and persistantly increased vigilence. Lasts > 1 month.

Lasts 2-4 weeks
Adjustment Disorder / OCD
Anxiety / depression causing impairment following an identifiable psychosocial stressor (Divorce / moving) Lasting <6 months
Tx: SSRI / Buspirone
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Uncontrollable anxiety for at least 6 months, sleep disturbances, fatigue, can't concentrating.
Tx: SSRI Buspirone
Malingering
Conciously fakes or claims to have a disorder in order to attain a specific gain. "Know why theyre doing it and that theyre doing it."
Factitious Disorder
Assume sick role, like being in the hospital recieving invasive procedures. "They know theyre doing it, but dont know why theyre doing it."
Somatoform Disorder
Conversion
Somatoform Pain disorder
Hypochondriasis
Somatization Disorder
Body Dysmorphic Disorder
Pseudocyesis: fear of being pregnant
Conversion Disorder
Motor and sensory symptoms (paralysis and pseudo seizure) that suggest a disorder but test are negative, usually follows an acute stressor
Somatoform Pain Disorder
Prolonged pain that is not explained by illness
Somatization Disorder
complaints in multiple organ systems with no identifiable cause
Cluster A: Scary People
1) Paranoid
2) Schizoid
3) Scizotypal
Paranoid: projection is defense mechanism

Schizoid: Like to avoid social situations.

Schizotypal: Interpersonal Awkwardness, odd magical beliefs, "dress like a pickle"
Cluster B:
1) Antisocial
2) Borderline
3) Histrionic
4) Narcissistic
1)Disregard for rights of others
2)Splitting, unstable mood and interpersonal relationships
3) Excessive emotionality, sexually provocative
4) Demand "best"
Cluster C: "Worried"
1) Avoidant

2) Obsessive-Compulsive

3) Dependent
1) sensitive to rejection, socially inhibited, want to be around people but cant.

2) preoccupation with order, perfectionism, and control

3) Submissive clinging, need to be taken care of