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69 Cards in this Set

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only ssDNA virus
parvovirus (par one)
only dsRNA virus
reovirus (REpeatOvirus)
Naked RNA viruses
NAKED CPR

Calicivirus, Picornavirus, Reovirus
Which virus acquires its envelop from nuclear membrane
Herpesvirus
which virus is diploid
retrovirus has 2 identical copies of ssRNA
1. Where do DNA viruses replication
2. Exception
1. nucleus
2. poxvirus (carries its own DNA-dependent RNA pol)
1. Where do RNA viruses replication
2. exception
1. cytoplasm
2. influenza, retrovirus
DNA viruses
HHAPPPy
Hepadna, Herpes
Adeno
Pox, Pavo, Papova
All DNA viruses are linear except...
Papovavirus (circular, supercoiled)
Hepadena (circular, incomplete)
All DNA viruses are ichosahedra except...
POX IN A BOX
Naked DNA viruses
You need to be naked for a PAP

Papova
Adeno
Parvo
Enveloped DNA
HPH

Hepadna
Pox
Herpes
1. What type of immunity do live attenuated vaccines confer?
2. Why can't they be given to immunocompromised patients
Humoral and cell-mediated
may revert to virulence
Immunity conferred by killed vaccines
humoral
Which vaccines are live attenuated?
MMR
Sabin
VZV
yellow fever
smallpox
adeno
Which vaccines are killed?
RIP Always: Rabies, Infulenza, salk Polio, HAV

SalK = Killed
Egg-based
FRY an egg: Flu, MMR, Yellow fever
Recombinant vaccine
HBV
Negative stranded viruses
Always Bring Polymerase or Fail Replication
Arenavirus
Bunyavirus
Paramyxovirus
Orthomysovirus
Filovirus
Rhabdovirus
Segmented Viruses
BOAR

Bunya
Orthomyo
arena
reo
Picornavirus
PERCH on a "peak"

Polio
Echo
Rhino
Coxsachie
HAV
MCC infantile gastroenteritis
Rota
MCC common cold
rhino
Name the 4 paramyxoviruses
PaRaMyxovirus:
Parainfluenza - croup
RSV - bronchiolitis in babies
Measles
Mumps
Mumps: Virus, symptoms
1. paramyovirus w/ 1 serotype
2. Parotitis, orchitis, aspetic Meningitis
Koplik spots
measles
Measles symptoms
3C's: cough, coryza, conjunctivitis
Measles describe rash
head to toe spread
Measles complications
subacute sclerosing panencephalitis SSPE
encephalitis
giant cell pneumonia
Influenza prophylaxis and tx
Influenza A prophylaxis: Amantadine and rimantadine

A and B: Zanamivir and osteltamivir
negri bodies
rabies
bullet-shaped capsid
rabies
HSV-1: diseases
Gingivostomatitis
Keratoconjunctivitis
oral (and some gential) lesions
temporal lobe encephalitis
heterophilic + mono
EBV
roseola (exanthem subitum)
HHV-6
adenovirus: diseases
pharyngitis & pneumonia
ARD
PCF
Keratoconjunctivitis
GU infections
enteric infections
fifth disease
B19 parvovirus
parvovirus: diseases
fifth disease - erythema infectiosum
hydrops fetalis
aplastic crises in sickle cell disease
HHV8
kaposi sarcoma
papova: diseases
HPV
JC - progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
BK
Pox: diseases
small pox
vaccinia - cowpox
molluscum contagiosum
coxsackie: diseases
aspeptic meningitis
herpangina
hand/foot/mouth disease
myocarditis
calicivirus: diseases
HEV
norwalk - gastroenteritis
Reo: diseases
Reo - colorado tick fever
rota
#1 cause of fatal diarrhea in children
rotavirus (reovirus)
Flavi: diseases
HCV
Yellow fever
dengue
st. louis encephalitis
west nile
Togavirus: diseases
Rubella (germal measles)
WEE
EEE
Retro: diseases
HIV - AIDS
HTLV - T cell leukemia
Cornonavirus: diseases
corona
SARS
Paramyxovirus: diseases
Parainfluenza - croup
RSV - bronchioliltis in babies
Measles
Mumps
Filo: diseases
Ebola/marburg hemorrhagic fever
arena: diseases
LCV - lymphocytic choriomeningitis
Meningitis - spread by mice
Bunyavirus: diseases
California encephalitis
sandfly/rift valley fever
crimean-congo hemorrhagic fever
hantavirus - hemorrhagic fever, pneumonia
mechanism of antigenic shift and drift
shift - genetic reassortment
drift - mutations

Sudden Shift is more deadly than a graDual Drift
Arbovirusus
Borne virus: flavi, toga, bunyavirus
transmitted by arthropods
high fever, black vomitus, jaundice, councilman bodies (acidophilic inclusions)
Yellow fever (flavi)
Atypical lymphocytes
mono caused by EBV
Diagnosis of HSV
Tzanck test - look for multinucleated giant cells

Tzanck heavens I do not have herpes
Hepatitis serologic markers: best test to detect active HAV
IgM HAV Ab
Hepatitis serologic markers: continued presence indicates carrier state
HBsAg
Hepatitis serologic markers: immunity to HBV
HBsAb
Hepatitis serologic markers: core of HBV
HBcAg
Hepatitis serologic markers: Ab + during window phase
HBc Ab
IgM is an indicator of recent disease
Hepatitis serologic markers: indicator of transmissibility
HBeAg
Hepatitis serologic markers: low transmissibility
HBeAb
Hepatitis serologic markers: + during Acute Disease
HBsAg
HBcAB (IgM = acute, IgG = chronic)
Hepatitis serologic markers: + during complete recovery
HBsAb
HBcAb
Where are gp41 and gp120 found
envelop proteins of HIV
DOC for Onchocerciasis
rIVER blindness is treated with IVERmectin