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212 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Actinic Keratosis
Often precedes squamous cell carcinoma
Addison's disease
Primary adrenocortical deficiency
Albright's syndrome
Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty, cafe au lait spots, short stature, young girls
Albuminocytologic dissociation
Guillain Barre (increase protein in CSF with only modest increase in cell count)
Alport's syndrome
Hereditary nephritis with nerve deafness
Anti-basement membrane antibodies
Goodpastures syndrome
Anticentromere antibodies
Scleroderma (CREST)
Anti-double stranded DNA antibodies (ANA antibodies)
SLE (type III hypersensitivity)
Anti-epithelial cell antibodies
Pemphigus vulgaris
Antigliadin antibodies
Celiac disease
Antihistone antibodies
Drug-induced SLE
Anti-IgG antibodies
Rhemuatoid arthritis
Antimitochondrial antibodies
Primary biliary cirrhosis
Antineutorphil antibodies
Vasculitis
Antiplatelet antibodies
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic pruprua (ITP)
Arachnodactyly
Marfan's syndrome
Argyll Robertson pupil
Neurosyphilis
Arnol-Chiari malformation
Cerebellar tonsillar herniation
Aschoof bodies
Rheumatic fever
Atropphy of the mammillary bodies
Wernicke's encephalopathy
Auer Rods
Acute myelogenous leukemia (especially the promyelocytic type)
Autosplenectomy
Sickle cell anemia
Babinksi's sign
UMN lesion
Baker's cyst in popliteal fossa
Rheumatoid Arthritis
"bamboo spine" on x-ray
ankylosing spondylitis
Bartter's syndrome
Hyperreninemia
Basophilic stippling of RBC's
Lead poisoning
Becker's muscular dystrophy
Defective dystrophin, less severe than Duchenne's
Bell's palsy
LMN CN VII palsy
Bence Jones proteins
Multiple myeloma (kappa or lambda Ig light chains in urine), Waldenstroms macroglobiulinemia (IgM)
Berger's disease
IgA nephropathy
Bernard-Soulier disease
Defect in platelet adhesion
Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis
Sarcoidosis
Birbeck granules on EM
Histiocytosis X (eosinophilic granuloma)
Bloody tap on LP
Subarachnoid hemorrhage
blue bloater
chronic bronchitis
blue domed cysts
Fibrocystic change of the breast
Blue Sclera
Osteogenesis imperfecta
Boot shaped heart on x-ray
Tetraology of Fallot; RVH
Bouchard's nodes
osteoarthritis (PIP swelling secondary to osteophytes)
Boutonniere deformity
Rheumatoid arthritis
Branching rods in oral infection
Actinomyces israelii
Brown tumor of bone
Hemorrhage causes brown color of osteolytic cysts:
1: Hyperparathyroidism
2: Ostitis fibrosa cystica (von Recklinghausen's disease)
Bruton's disease
X-linked agammaglobulinemia
Budd-Chiari syndrome
Posthepatic venous thrombosis
Buerger's disease
Small/medium artery vasculitis
Burkitt's lymphoma
8:14 translocation; associated with EBV; "starry sky" appearance on histology
Burton's lines
Lead poisoning
c-ANCA, p-ANCA
Wegener's granulomatosis, microscopic polyangiitis
Cafe'-au-lait spots on skin
Neurofibromatosis
Caisson disease
Gas emboli
Calf pseudohypertrophy
Duchenne's muscular dystrophy
Call-Exner bodies
Granulosa-theca cell tumor of the ovary
Cardiomegaly with apical atrophy
Chaga's disease
Cerebriform nuclei
Mycosis fungoides (cutaneous T-cell lymphoma)
Chaga's disease
Trypanosome infection
chancre
primary syphyilis (not painful)
Chancroid
Haemophilus ducreyi (painful)
Charcot's triad
Multiple sclerosis (nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech), cholangitis (jaundice, RUQ pain, fever)
Charcot leyden crystals
Bronchial asthma (eosinophil membranes)
Chediak-Higashi disease
phagocyte deficiency
Cherry-red spot on macula
Tay Sach's, Niemann-Pick disease, central retinal artery occlusion
Cheyne-stokes respirations
Central apnea in CHF and increased intracranial pressure
Chocolate cysts
Endometriosis (frequently involves both ovaries)
Chronic atrophic gastritis
predisposition to gastric carcinoma
Chovstek's sign
Hypocalcemia (facial muscle spasm upon tapping)
Bacteremia/ pneumonia (IVDA)
S. Aureus
Bacteria associated with cancer
H. Pylori
Bacteria found in the GI tract
Bacteroides (2nd most common is E. coli)
Brain tumor (adults)
Mets> astrocytoma (including GBM) > meningioma > schwannoma
Brain tumor (kids)
Medulloblastoma (cerebellum)
Brain tumor- supratentorial (kids)
Cranipharyngioma
Breast cancer
Infiltrating ductal carcinoma (in the US, 1 in 9 women will develop breast cancer)
Breast mass
(Fibrocystic change (in postmenopausal women, carcinoma is the most common)
Breast tumor (benign)
Fibroadenoma
Bug in debilitated, hospitalized pneumonia patient
Klebsiella
Cardiac primary tumor (adults)
Myxoma (4:1 left to right atrium, ball and valve)
Cardiac primary tumor (kids)
Rhabdomyoma
Cardia tumor (adults)
Mets
Cardiomyopathy
Dilated cardiomyopathy
Chromosomal disorder
Down syndrome (associated with ALL, Alzheimer's dementia, and endocardial cushion defects)
Chronic arrhythmia
(Atrial fibrillation) associated with high risk of emboli
Congeinital cardiac anomaly
VSD
Constrictive pericarditis
Tuberculosis
Coronary artery involved in thrombosis
LAD> RCA> LCA
Cyanosis (early, less common)
Tetralogy of fallot, transposition of great vessels, truncus arteriosus
Cyanosis (late, more common)
VSD, ASD, PDA (close with indomethacin, open with misoprostol)
Demyelinating disease
Multiple sclerosis
Dietary deficit
Iron
Epiglottitis
Haemophilus influenzae type B
Esophageal cancer
Squamous cell carcinoma
Gene involved in cancer
p53 tumor suppressor gene
Group affected by cystic fibrosis
Caucasians (fat soluble vitamin deficiencies, mucous plugs/ lung infectious)
Gynecologic malignancy
Endometrial carcinoma
Heart murmur
Mitral valve prolapse
Heart vavle in bacterial endocarditis
Mitral
Heart valve in bacterial endocarditis in IVDA
Tricuspid
Heart valve (rheumatic fever)
Mitral valve (aortic is 2nd)
Helminth infection (US)
Enterobius vermicularis (ascaris lumbricoides is 2nd most common)
Hereditary bleeding disorder
von Willebrand's
Kidney stones
Calcium= radiopaque (2nd most common is ammonium=radiopaque; formed by urease positive organisms such as Proteus vulgaris or Staphylococcus
Liver disease
Alcoholic liver disease
Location of brain tumors (adults)
Supratentorial
Location of brain tumors (kids)
Infratentorial
Lysosomal storage disease
Gaucher's disease
Male cancer
Prostatic carcinoma
Malignancy associated with noninfectious fever
Hodgkin's disease
Malignant skin tumor
Basal cell carcinoma (rarely mets)
Mets to bone
Breast, lung, thyroid, testes, prostate, kidney
Mets to brain
Lung, breast, skin (melanoma), kidney (renal cell carcinoma), GI
Mets to liver
Colon, gastric, pancreatic, breast, and lung carcinomas
Motor neuron disease
ALS (lou gherigs)
Neoplasm (kids)
ALL (2nd most common is cerebellar medulloblastoma)
Nephrotic syndrome
Membranous glomerulonephritis
Obstruction of male urinary tract
BPH
Opportunistic infection in AIDS
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
Organ receiving mets
Adrenal glands (due to rich blood supply)
Organ sending mets
Lung> breast, stomach
Ovarian tumor (benign)
serous cystadenoma
Ovarian tumor (malignant)
serous cystadenocarcinoma
Pancreatic tumor
Adenocarcinoma (head of pancreas)
Patient with ALL/CLL/AML/CML
ALL=child, CLL=adult>60, AML = Adult >60, CML= adult 35-50
Patient with Hodgkin's
Young male (except nodular sclerosis type-female)
Patient with minimal change disease
Young child
Patient with Reiter's
Male
Pituitary tumor
Prolactinoma
Preventable cancer
Lung cancer
Primary bone tumor (adults)
Multiple myeloma
Primary hyperparathyroidism
Adenomas (followed by hyperplasia, then carcinoma)
Primary liver tumor
Hepatoma
Renal tumor
Renal cell carcinoma- associated with von Hippel-Lindau and acquired polycystic kidney disease, paraneoplastic syndromes (erythropoietin, renin, PTH, ACTH)
secondary hyperparathyroidism
Hypocalcemia of chronic renal failure
Sexually transmitted disease
Chlamydia
Site of diverticula
Sigmoid colon
Site of metastasis
Regional lymph nodes
Site of metastasis (2nd most common)
Liver
Sites of atherosclerosis
Abdominal aorta>coronary>politeal> carotid
Skin cancer
Basal cell carcinoma
Stomach cancer
Adenocarcinoma
Testicular tumor
Seminoma
Thyroid cancer
Papillary carcinoma
Tracheoesophageal fistula
Lower esophagus joins trache/upper esophagus-blind pouch
Tumor in men
Prostate carcinoma
Tumor in women
Leiomyoma (estrogen dependent)
Tumor in infancy
Hemangioma
Tumor of the adrenal medulla (adults)
Pheochromocytoma (benign)
tumor of adrenal medulla (kids)
Neuroblastoma (malignant)
Type of Hodgkin's
Nodular sclerosis (vs. mixed cullularity, lymphocytic predominance, lymphocytic depletion)
Type of non-Hodgkin's
Follicular, small cleaved
Type of pituitary adenoma
Prolactinoma
Vasculitis
Temporal arteritis (risk of ipsilateral blindness due to thrombosis of opthalmic artery)
Viral encephalitis
HSV
Vitamin deficiency (US)
Folic acid (pregnant women are at high risk, body stores only 3-4 month supply)
Addison's
Autoimmune (infection is the 2nd most common cause)
Aneurysm, dissecting
Hypertension
Aortic aneurysm, abdominal and descending aorta
Atherosclerosis
Aortic aneurysm, ascending
tertiary syphilis
Bacterial meningitis (adults)
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Bacterial meningitis (elderly)
S. Pneumoniae
Bacterial meningitis (kids)
S. pneumoniae or Neisseria meningitidis
Bacterial meningitis (newborns)
Group B streptococcus
Cancer associated with AIDS
Kaposi's sarcoma
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
21 hydroxylase deficiency
Cretinism
Iodine deficit/hypothyroidism
Cushing's syndrome
Corticosteroid therapy (2nd most common cause is excess ACTH secretion by pituitary)
Death in CML
Blast crisis
Death in SLE
Lupus nephropathy
Dementia
Alzheimer's (2nd most common is multi-infarct)
DIC
Gram negative sepsis, obstetric complications, cancer, burn trauma
Ejection click
Aortic/pulmonic stenosis
Food poisoning
S. Aureus
Glomerulonephritis (adults)
IgA nephropathy (berger's disease)
Hematoma (epidural)
Ruputure of Middle meningeal artery (arterial bleeding is fast)
Hematoma (subdural)
Ruputure of bridging veins (trauma; venous bleeding is slow)
Hemochromatosis
Multiple blood transfusion (can result in CHF and increase risk of hepatocellular carcinoma)
Hepatic cirrhosis
EtOH
Hepatocellular carcinoma
Cirrhotic liver (often associated with hep. B and C)
Holosystolic murmur
VSD, tricuspid regurgitation, mitral regurgitation
Hypertension, secondary
Renal disease
Hypoparathyroidism
Thyroidectomy
Hypopituitarism
Adenoma
Infection in blood transfusion
Hep. C
Infection in burn victims
Pseudomonas
Leukemia (adults)
AML
Machine like murmur
PDA
Mental retardation
Down syndrome (fragile X is the second most common cause)
MI
Atherosclerosis
Mitral vavle stenosis
rheumatic heart disease
Myocarditis
Coxsackie B
Nephrotic syndrome (adults)
membranous glomerulonephritis
Nephritic syndrome (kids)
Minimcal change disease (associated with infections/vaccinations; treat with corticosteroids)
Opening snap
Mitral stenosis
Osteomyelitis
S. Aureus
Osteomylitis in patients with sickle cell disease
Salmonella
Osteomyelitis with IVDA
Pseudomonas
Pancreatitis (acute)
EtOH and gallstones
Pancreatitis (chronic)
EtOH (adults), cystic fibrosis (kids)
Peau d'orange
Carcinoma of the breast
PID
Neisseria gonorrhoeae (monoarticular arthritis)
Pneumonia, hospital acquired
Klebsiella
Pneumonia in cystic fibrosis, burn infection
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Preventable blindness
Chlamydia
Primary amenorrhea
Turner's syndrome (XO)
Primary hyperaldosteronism
Adenoma of adrenal cortex
Primary hyperparathyroidism
Adenoma
Pulmonary hypertension
COPD
Right heart failure due to a pulmonary cause
Cor pulmonale
Right sided heart failure
left sided heart failure
Sheehan's syndrome
Postpartum pituitary infarction secondary to hemorrhage
SIADH
small cell carcinoma of the lung
UTI
E. Coli
UTI (young women)
E coli and Staphylococcus saprophyticus