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59 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Addison’s
Autoimmune (infection is the 2nd most common cause)
Aneurysm, dissecting
Hypertension
Aortic aneurysm, abdominal and descending aorta
Atherosclerosis
Aortic aneurysm, ascending
3° syphilis
Bacterial meningitis (adults)
Neisseria meningitidis
Bacterial meningitis (elderly)
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Bacterial meningitis (kids)
Haemophilus influenzae type B
Bacterial meningitis (newborns)
E. coli
Cancer associated with AIDS
Kaposi’s sarcoma
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
21-hydroxylase deficiency
Cretinism
Iodine deficit/hypothyroidism
Cushing’s syndrome
Corticosteroid therapy (2nd most common cause is excess ACTH secretion by pituitary)
Death in CML
Blast crisis
Death in SLE
Lupus nephropathy
Dementia
Alzheimer’s (2nd most common is multi-infarct)
DIC
Gram-negative sepsis, obstetric complications, cancer, burn trauma
Ejection click
Aortic/pulmonic stenosis
Food poisoning
S. aureus
Glomerulonephritis (adults)
IgA nephropathy (Berger’s disease)
Hematoma—epidural
Rupture of middle meningeal artery (arterial bleeding is fast)
Hematoma—subdural
Rupture of bridging veins (trauma; venous bleeding is slow)
Hemochromatosis
Multiple blood transfusions (can result in CHF and ↑ risk of hepatocellular carcinoma)
Hepatic cirrhosis
EtOH
Hepatocellular carcinoma
Cirrhotic liver (often associated with hepatitis B and C)
Holosystolic murmur
VSD, tricuspid regurgitation, mitral regurgitation
Hypertension, 2°
Renal disease
Hypoparathyroidism
Thyroidectomy
Hypopituitarism
Adenoma
Infection in blood transfusion
Hepatitis C
Infection in burn victims
Pseudomonas
Leukemia (adults)
AML
“Machine-like” murmur
PDA
Mental retardation
Down syndrome (fragile X is the second most common cause)
MI
Atherosclerosis
Mitral valve stenosis
Rheumatic heart disease
Myocarditis
Coxsackie B
Nephrotic syndrome (adults)
Membranous glomerulonephritis
Nephrotic syndrome (kids)
Minimal change disease (associated with infections/vaccinations; treat with corticosteroids)
Opening snap
Mitral stenosis
Osteomyelitis
S. aureus
Osteomyelitis in patients with sickle cell disease
Salmonella
Osteomyelitis with IVDA
Pseudomonas
Pancreatitis (acute)
EtOH and gallstones
Pancreatitis (chronic)
EtOH (adults), cystic fibrosis (kids)
Peau d’orange
Carcinoma of the breast
PID
Neisseria gonorrhoeae (monoarticular arthritis)
Pneumonia, hospital-acquired
Klebsiella
Pneumonia in cystic fibrosis, burn infection
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Preventable blindness
Chlamydia
Primary amenorrhea
Turner’s (XO)
Primary hyperaldosteronism
Adenoma of adrenal cortex
Primary hyperparathyroidism
Adenoma
Pulmonary hypertension
COPD
Right heart failure due to a pulmonary cause
Cor pulmonale
Right-sided heart failure
Left-sided heart failure
Sheehan’s syndrome
Postpartum pituitary infarction 2° to hemorrhage
SIADH
Small cell carcinoma of the lung
UTI
E. coli
UTI (young women)
E. coli and Staphylococcus saprophyticus