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165 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
pulls arytenoids closer to thyroid-> relaxing vocal ligaments -> decreasing pitch
thyroarytenoids
tenses vocal ligaments -> increasing distance between cartilages -> increasing pitch
cricothyroids
adducts vocal ligaments -> closes airway during swallowing AND allows phonation
lateral cricoarytenoids
abducts vocal ligaments
posterior cricoarytenoids
stenson's duct
parotid duct (opp upper second molar)
aortic arches
1st- maxillary
2nd- stapes
3rd- common and internal carotid
4th- aortic arch and
rt. subclavian
5th- degenerates
6th- rt and lt pulmonary arteries
(MS. CARD and pulmonary aa)
adduct thigh and flex hip
obturator n.
plantar flex foot
flex toes
invert foot
tibial n.
(tIbial n. -> Inverts)
dorsiflex foot
extend toes
evert foot
deep peroneal n.
(pEroneal n. -> Everts)
flex hip and extend knee
femoral n.
extend hip and flex knee
tibial n.
plantar flex foot and evert
superficial peroneal n.
branches of posterior cord of brachial plexus
STARS
upp Subscapularis
Thoracodorsal
Axillary
Radial
lower Subscapularis
rt. recurrent laryngeal n. passes under...
rt brachiocephalic a.
lt recurrent laryngeal n. passes under...
arch of the aorta
inferior mesenteric artery drains into...
splenic vein
acetabulum bones
ischium, ilium, pubis
epidural hematoma
middle meningeal
elevates and abducts eyeball
inferior oblique
depresses and abducts eyeball
superior oblique
uvula deviation in left vagus nerve lesion
right
subdural hematoma vessels
bridging veins
intertubercular groove of the humerus mm insertion
latissimus dorsi
teres major
pec major
taste to anterior two thirds of tongue
chorda tympani of VII
blink reflex
V1 and VII
most superior orbit mm
levator palpebrae superioris
what part of pericardium adheres to tunica adventita of great vessels
fibrous
two veins that form the portal vein
superior mesenteric and splenic
light reflex
II and III (parasympathetic)
lumbar puncture
skin
superficial fascia
deep fascia
supraspinatous
interspinatous
interlaminar space
epidural space
dural mater
arachnoid mater
subarachnoid space
(Sally Sue Didn't Scream In between Intern's Expected Deviations And Screw-ups)
sluggish pupil response to light and normal accomondation
ciliary ganglion -> tonic pupil
rotator cuff
SITS
supraspinatus
infraspinatus
teres minor
subscapularis
white rami communicantes
preganglionic sympathetic axons
suprascapular nerve innervates
supraspinatus
infraspinatus
upper subscapularis
subscapularis
thoracodorsal nerve
latissimus dorsi
long thoracic nerve
serratus anterior
flex wrist and digits, pronate wrist, and LOAF mm
median nerve
flex shoulder, flex elbow, supinate elbow
musculocutaneous nerve
innervates flexor carpi ulnaris, flexor digiti profundus (pinky and ring fingers), and intrinsic mm of hand
ulnar nerve
gag reflex
IX and X
vein that drains lower third of thoracic wall
hemiazygous
where does the axillary artery become the brachial artery
when it crosses the teres major
tongue deviates in a left CN XII lesion
left
vertebral level of common carotid bifurcation
C4
who gets femoral hernias
Females
where is the profundus femoris artery
anterior compartment even though it supplies the posterior compartment
relationship of the cupula to the subclavian artery and vein
posterior
vertebral level that aortic arch begins and ends
T4
which artery travels w/ great cardiac vein
LADA
middle cardiac vein
posterior interventricular artery
small cardiac vein
right coronary artery
what passes at T8?
T10?
T12
T8- one: IVC
T10- two: esophagus and esophageal nerve plexus
T12- three: aorta, thoracic duct, azygous vein
carotid sinus senses...
pressure
(*Sinus Pressure*)
taste to the posterior third of the tongue
CN IX
sympathetic control of which eye mm
dilator pupillae
three branches of lateral cord of brachial plexus
lateral pectoral
lateral head of median
musculocutaneous
how do veins in the face differ
have no valves
shoulder bony articulations
clavicle
acromion
glenoid fossa of scapula
humerus
elbow bony articulations
humerus w/ ulna (major) and radius (minor)
wrist bony articulation
radius w/ scaphoid and lunate

ulna w/ triquetrum and pisiform
only laryngeal mm innervated by the external laryngeal nerve
cricothyroid muscle (increases pitch)
all the rest are innervated by recurrent laryngeal nerve
how many bronchopulmonary segments are there
10 on the right
8 on the left
seven structures found in more than one mediastinum
esophagus
SVC
vagus nerve
azygous vein
thoracic duct
thymus
phrenic nerve
what suspends the duodenal-jejunal flexure from the posterior abdominal wall
ligament of treitz
only tongue mm innervated by X
palatoglossus
all others are innervated by XII
five branches of the superior mesenteric artery
inferior pancreaticoduodenal
middle colic
right colic
ileocolic
10-15 intestinal aa.
what innervates the detrusor mm
S2, S3, S4
what connects the third and fourth ventricles
cerebral aqueduct
what nerve and artery could be affected in a humeral neck fracture
axillary nerve and posterior humeral artery
what hernia passes through the deep lateral ring of inguial canal
Indirect passes In the Inguinal canal
(direct goes directly through hasselbachs triangle)
what forms the external jugular vein
posterior auricular vn
posterior retromandibular vn
three branches of celiac trunk
left gastric
splenic
hepatic
where does the eustachian tube enter the pharynx
nasopharynx
only mm of soft palate innervated by V3
tensor veli palantini
(all others innervated by X)
what artery turns into the dorsalis pedis when it crosses the extensor retinaculum
anterior tibial
what connects the lateral ventricles to the third ventricle
foramen of monro
sensation to anterior two thirds of tongue
lingual branch of V3
what type of pleura is adherent to the surface of an organ
visceral
what artery supplies the left ventricle,left atrium, and interventricular septum
left coronary artery
where are the tonsillar tissues
Waldeyer's ring
what three characteristics differentiate the large bowel
teniae coli
haustra
epiploic appendages
what area of the eye has no photoreceptors
optic disk (blind spot)
at the level of rib 6, the internal tghoracic artery divides into what two arteries
musculophrenic and superior epigastric
what is the name of inflammation of prepatellar bursa
housemaid's knee
what nerve roots make up the cervical plexus
C1-C4
only organ supplied by preganglionic sympathetic fibers
adrenal medulla
left subclavian artery is a branch of...
aortic arch
four mm of mastication
masseter
temporalis
medial pterygoid
lateral pterygoid
with what thoracic vertebra does rib 7 articulate
T7 and T8
***each rib articulates w/ its corresponding numerical vetrabral body and the vertebral body BELOW it
the three branhces of the inferior mesenteric artery
left colic
sigmoidal
superior rectal
only valve in the heart w/ two cusps
mitral valve
five clinical signs of portal HTN
caput medussae
esophageal varices
internal hemerrhoids
retroperitoneal varices
splenomegaly
what three mm constitute the erector spinae
Iliocostalis
Longissimus
Spinalis
(I Love Science)
what nerve is compromised in carpal tunnel
median nerve
what vascular injury may result from supracondylar fracture of the femur
popliteal artery
what nerve and artery could be affected in a midshaft humeral fracture
radial nerve and profunda brachii artery
name the 10 retroperitoneal organs
Duodenum
ascending Colon
Ureters
Pancreas
Suprarenal gland
Descending colon
Aorta
Kidneys
Rectum
IVC
(D CUPS DAKRI)
what foramen is transversed to get into the lesser peritoneal sac
foramen of Winslow
what goes through the foramen magnum
spinal cord
CN XI
vertebral arteries
foramen spinosum
middle meningeal artery
foramen rotundum
V2
foramen ovale
V3 and lesser petrosal nerve
jugular foramen
IX, X, XI; sigmoid sinus
carotid canal
internal carotid and
sympathetic nerve plexus
stylomastoid foramen
CN VII
hypoglossal canal
CN XII
internal auditory meatus
CN VII and VIII
optic canal
II and ophtalmic artery
cribiform plate
CN I
superior orbital fissure
CN III, IV, VI and ophthalmic vein
what vessel is atop the scalene anterior
subclavian vein
what part of the corneal reflex is lost in a CN VII deficit
motor
jaw deviation in rt CN V lesion
right
what two artries join to form the superifcial and deep palmar arches of the hand
ULNAR and radial
what two ligaments of the uterus are remnants of the gubernaculum
round and ovarian ligaments
what forms the tibial nerve
L4 to S3
(L2-L4 does the thigh
L4-S3 does the leg)
what forms the common peroneal nerve
L4 to S3
(L2-L4 does the thigh
L4-S3 does the leg)
what forms of femoral nerve
L2-L4
(L2-L4 does the thigh
L4-S3 does the leg)
what forms the obturator nerve
L2-L4
(L2-L4 does the thigh
L4-S3 does the leg)
what three structures are in contact w/ the left colic flexure?
right colic flexure?
spleen, stomach, left kidney

liver, duodenum, right kidney
what three muscles constitute the pes anserinus
sartorius
gracilis
semitendinous
only pharyngeal muscle NOT innervated by X
stylopharyngeus is innervated by IX
fracture of the fibular neck resulting in foot drop damaged what nerve
common peroneal
does the VAN run on the inferior or superior side of a rib
inferior side
what muscle laterally rotates the femur to unlock the knee
popliteus
what chamber of the eye lies between the iris and the lens
posterior chamber
what artery supplies the right atrium
right ventricle
SA node
AV node
right coronary artery
what four branches of the brachial plexus arise prior to the first rib
dorsal scapular
suprascapular
long thoracic
nerve to subclavius
the xiphoid process marks which vertebral level
T9
loss of eversion, inversion, dorsiflexion, and plantar flexion
common peroneal nerve
loss of flexion of knees and toes, plantar flexion, and weakened inversion
tibial nerve
loss of knee extension and weakened hip flexion
femoral nerve
loss of abduction of hip resulting in Trendelenburg gait
superior gluteal nerve
loss of flexion of the knee and all function below the knee, weakened extension of the thigh
sciatic nerve
loss of adduction of thigh
obturator nerve
what nerve lesion presents w/ ape or simian hand as its sign
median nerve lesion
first branch of the abdominal aortic artery
inferior phrenic artery
what vessel does right gonadal vein drein into
right gonal vein drains into IVC
left drains into left renal vein!!
what two muscles do you test to see of CN XI is intact
trapezius and sternocleidomastoid
what two CNs are responsible for the carotid body and sinus relfexes
IX and X
at what vertebral vels does the trachea bifurctae
T4 (anteriorly it is the angle of Louis)
what is the function of the arachnoid granulations
resorb CSF into blood
winged scapula
long thoracic nerve
what portion of the intervertebral disck is a remnant of the notochord
nucleus pulposus
what component of the pelvic diaphragm forms the rectal sling (muscle of continence?)
puborectalis
five branches of Median nerve of brachial plexus
Median
Medial antebrachial
Medial pectoral
Medial brachial cutaneous
Ulnar
what bone houses the ulnar groove
humerus (between the medial epicondyle and the trochlea)
sensory innervation to the nasopharynx?
oropharynx?
laryngopharynx?
V3 and glossopharyngeal

glossopharyngeal

vagus
what protective covering adheres to the spinal cord and CNS tissue
pia mater
what is the name of the urinary bladder where the uterers enter and the urethra exits
trigone
what is the term when the brachial artery is compressed, resulting in ischemic contracture of the hand
Volkmann's contracture
what attaches the cusps of the valves to the papillary mm in the heart
chordae tendineae
what is the lymphatic drainage of the pelvic organs
internal iliac nodes
what bursa is inflamed in clergyman's knee
infrapatellar bursa
chief flexor of the hip
psoas major
what muscles in the hand adduct the fingers
Palmar interosseus ADducts
(PAD)
(the Dorsal interosseus ABducts- DAB)
what type of cerebral bleed is due to a rupture of the berry aneurysm in the circle of willis
subarachnoid hematoma
what are the five termian branches of the facial nerve
temporal
zygomatic
buccal
mandibular
cervical
(two zebras bit my clavicle)
cough reflex
superior larnygeal nerve of X
recurrent laryngeal nerve of X
sensory innervation above the vocal cords?
below?
internal laryngeal nerve

recurrent laryngeal nerve
C-shaped shock absorber; aids in attachment of tibia to femur via medial collateral ligament
medial meniscus
prevents posterior displacement and has medial to lateral attachment on tibia
PCL
prevents adduction of knee joint
lateral collateral ligament
prevents abduction
medial collateral ligament