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65 Cards in this Set

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where is problem:

Ascaris
intestinal obstruction

(your ASS CARries thIS)
where is problem:

Histolytica
liver
where is problem:

Vermicularis
rectum
what causes monoarticular joint pain and bells palsy?
Lyme
mycoplasma pneumonia exhibit cryoagglutinins during recovery. What immunoglobulin is reacting?
IgM
"cauliflower" skin lesion from broad-based yeast
Blastomyces
what cell is affected by mononucleosis?
B-cell
virus that produces squamous cell ca of penis?
HPV
heavy drinker w/ cough and flu-like symptoms; silver stain shows gram-neg rods
Legionella
what do superantigens bind to? (2)

what 2 bugs have them?
- MHC-II & T-cells

- Staph Aureus & pyogenes
Bug:
scarlet fever
staph pyogens
Bug:
inactivates elongation factor (EF-2)
c. diphtheria
Bug:
stimulates adenylates cyclase in Gi.
Classic sign of bug?
B. Pertussis

"Whooping cough"
toxin in E. coli that has the same Gs stimulation as V. cholera
Heat-labile
toxin of c. perfringes that causes gas gangrene
alpha-toxin
toxin in anthrax that is an adenylate cyclase
L-toxin
hemolysin toxin of strep pyogenes.
it is an antigen in what systemic condition?
Streptolysin O

- Rheumatic fever
toxin that is an important part of the gram Negative wall
eN-dotoxin

(N = Negative)
(3)* bugs w/ IgA proteases
A SIN: (A proteases)

- Strep pneumonia
- h. Influenzae
- Neisseria
A SIN
what is it called when DNA is transferred from 1 bacteria to another?
Conjugation
what is it called when DNA is transferred by a virus from one cell to another?
Transduction
what is it called when purified DNA is taken up by a cell?
Transformation
(4)* obligate aerobes
Nagging Pests Must Breath:

- Nocardia
- Pseudomonas
- Mycobacterium
- Bacillus
Nagging Pests Must Breath
(4)* encapsulated bacteria

what is necessary for an immune response?
capsules Gunk-up the SINK:

- Strep pneumonia
- h. Influenza
- Neisseria meningitis
- Klebsiella

IgG is needed
(G = Gunk)
capsules Gunk-up the SINK
what test finds bugs w/ capsules?
Quellung...

causes capsular "swellung"
what causes staph aureus the ability to bind Fc-igG and inhibit complement fixation and phagocytosis?
Protein A

(A = Aureus)
What treats c. difficile?
metronidazole
how are anthrax spores transmitted?
inhalation

(bug can also be transferred via contact of pustule)
what are the antigens (3)* associated w/ the enterobacter family (e. coli, salmonella, shigella, klebsiella, serratia, proteus)?
what do they ferment?
COFFEe:
- Capsular (K-antigen)
- O antigen
- Flagella antigen
- Ferment glucose
- Enterobacter family
COFFEe
what bug is common in daycare centers and can mimic appendicitis or Chrone's disease?

how is it transmitted?
Yersinia

transmitted by puppy feces
(also contaminated milk and pork)
intracellular bugs with the EB and RB forms?

what does each do?
Chlamydia


EB = Enters cell

RB = Replicates
(4)* symptoms of Lyme
BAKE a key LYME pie:

- Bells palsy
- Arthritis
- Kardiac block
- Erythema (bulls-eye)
BAKE a key LYME pie
from bird droppings
histoplasmosis
fungi that is mostly seen in diabetic ketoacidotic and leukemic patients that causes rhinocerebral, frontal lobe absesses
Mucor
helminth that causes river blindness

tx?
ONCHOcerca

(dont get blind ON CHOastal rIVERs)

[tx: IVERmectin]
helminth that causes lymphatic blockage (elephantitis)
W. BANCROFTi

(BAN laura CROFT from seeing the elephants)
parasite:

Brain cysts, seizures

transmission?
t. SOLium

(brain houses the SOuL)

transmission: Uncooked Pork Tapeworm
brain houses the SOuL
parasite:

Liver cyst
E. GRANulosus

(liver is a GRANd organ)
parasite:

B-12 deficiency
D. LATum

(curfew is at 12...dont B LATe)
parasite:

biliary tract disease
C. SINenSIS

(BIL would be a SIN for my SIS)
BIL would be a SIN for my SIS
parasite:

hemoptysis
P. WESTERmani

(WESTERns make me vomit blood)
parasite:

portal HTN
S. MASONi
parasite:

bladder cancer, hematuria
S. HAEMATobium
parasite:

perianal pruritus
ENTERobius

(no ENTERing my ass!)
no ENTERing my ass!
only ssDNA virus
Parvovirus

(Part-of-a-virus...the rest are dsDNA)
(3)* non-enveloped RNA
Real Naked CPR:

- Calci
- Pico
- Reo

[RNA Non-enveloped = Real Naked]
Real Naked CPR
only diploid virus class
retrovirus

(2 identical ssRNA)
(6)* DNA viruses
HHAPPPy DNA:
- Hepanda
- Herpes
- Adeno
- Pox
- Parvo
- Papova
HHAPPPy DNA
(3)* non-enveloped DNA viruses
I Dont want to see my Naked PAPpy:

- Parvo
- Adeno
- Papova

[Dont Naked = DNA Non-enveloped]
I Dont want to see my Naked PAPpy
(5)* viruses in the Pico family
PERCH on a peak (pico):
- Polio
- Echo
- Rhino
- Coxsackie
- HAV
PERCH on a peak
(4)* segmented viruses
its a BOAR to watch shows in segments:

- Bunya
- Orthomyxo
- Arena
- Reo
its a BOAR to watch shows in segments
the only double-stranded RNA
I've been to RIO 2 times:

REOvirus
I've been to RIO 2 times
(4) PaRaMyxoviruses
- Parainfluenza
- RSV
- Mumps
- Measles
3 signs of Mumps
mOMPs:

- Orchitis
- Meningitis
- Parotiditis
(3)* signs of measles
Tommy can you C ME?

- Cough
- Coryza
- Conjunctivitis

(and Koplik spots)
Tommy can you C MEasles
which two types of Hepatitis are via fecal-oral route?
Vowels hit your Bowels:

- HAV
- HEV
which hepatitis is:
- asymptomatic & acute
- blood borne
- chronic & causes cirrhosis
- dependant on another
- epidemic & bad for pregnant women
A - asymptomatic/acute
B - blood borne
C - chronic/cirrhosis/cancer
D - dependant on B
E - epidemic via H2O/bad for Expectant mothers
MCC of pneumonia:
- children < 18 y/o
- adults 18 - 40 y/o
- adults > 40 y/o
< 18: RSV

18 - 40: Mycoplasma

> 40: S. Pneumonia
common pneumonia in alcoholic
Klebsiella
difference b/t lab values of protein & sugar for Bacteria/fungal/TB and Viruses causing meningitis
Bacteria/fungal/TB: both increased

Virus: both normal
MCC of osteomyelitis
S. aureus
MCC of UTI overall

MCC in young women
- E.coli

- S. Saprophyticus
difference b/t presentation of genital herpes and H. ducreyi
H. ducreyi also has inguinal adenopathy
MMC of pneumonia in CF pt
Pseudomonas
MCC of infection of skin wound or of anything that can introduce bug on skin into body (IV drug users)
S. Aureus