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28 Cards in this Set

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Penicillin G
Strep
Pneumo
Gm + Rods
Spirochetes

NOT STAPH or N. Gon
Cell wall inhibitors are more effective for what type of bacteria?
Nafcillin
Dicloxacillin
Staph Aureus

NOT Pseudomonas
Ampicillin, Amoxicillin
Strep, Pneumo, Gm + Rods, Spirochetes

Enterococcus, Listeria, E. Coli, Proteus, HiB

Use with aminoglycosides for entercoccus and Listeria
What additional coverage over Penicillin G is offered?
Piperacillin, Ticaricillin,Carbenicillin
Pseudomonas
James Bond
Cefazolin, Cephalexin
Staph, Strep

Surgical Prophylaxis
No CNS penetration
No Gram -
Pre-op
Cefoteatan
anaerobes

gm -, pneumococcus, Hib, CAP
Otitis, Sinusitis
Cefuroxime
Gm -, pneumococcus, HiB,

CAP, Otitis, Sinusitis

Penetrates BBB
What makes it different than other 2nd Gen Cephs
Ceftriaxone
Meningitis, Gonorrhea

Gm - coverage with BBB penetration
3rd Gen Ceph
Ce - fop, fep, taz
Pseudomonas
Aztreonam
Gm - aerobes

Klebsiella, Pseudomonas, Serratia
Safe with penicillin allergy, but doesn't treat the same bacteria
Imipenem
Enterobacter
Broad spec

Give with cilastatin
Good in the gut
Chloramphenicol
RMSF in pregnancy
Back up drug for allergies and contraindications
Not great for babies, but...
Tetracycline
RMSF

Mycoplasma, Chlamydia, H. Pylori
Not quite as good as erythromycin
Erythromycin
Legionella

Mycoplasma, Chlamydia, Bordatella
A wreath

Not a cell wall inhibitor
Azithromycin
Gonorrhea, HiB, M. Catarrhalis

CAP
Accumulates intracellular better than the other macrolides and you pee it out
Clarithromycin
Prophyaxis for MAC, H. Pylori
Clindamycin
Anaerobes
Endocarditis
PCP
Toxoplasmosis
Prophylaxis

Cross the BBB too!
Aminoglycosides
(getamycin, amikacin, Streptomycin)
Gm -
E. Coli
Enterobacter
Klebsiella
Proteus
Pseudomonas
Serratia
Like Aztreonam
Specintomycin
Not Cidal

Get Gonorrhea
Like aminoglycosides...but different
Streptomycin
TB, plague, Tularemia
A few odd ones
TMP-SMZ
complicated UTI's
HIB, M. Catarrhalis
PCP and Typhoid
A little like the macrolides
Fluoroquinolones
GM -

E.coli, Klebsiella, Campy, Enterobacter, Pseudomonas
Like Tic and aminoglycs
Ofloxacin
Added coverage of chlamydia
Cipro +
Sparfloxacin
Penicillin resistant pneumococcus
A second line for an unexpected use
Trimethoprim
Good levels in the prostate
For those hard to reach places
Metronidazole
Anaerobes
C. Diffcile
Trichomoniasis
Ameobiasis
I can't breath
Mupriocin
Topic Impetigo
burns a little
Polymyxin
Topic Pseudomonas and Enterobacter
Aminoglyc for your Pip