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50 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Which term describes a body part that is closer towards the midsagittal line of the body than another body part?
medial
Who of the following conducted the earliest, systematic study of bones?
Vesalius, Hippocrates, Galen, Fabricus, Harvey
Galen
What is the total number of bones that comprise the human spine, or "vertebrae"?
33
The study of tissues is referred to as _____.
histology
What percent of the cells of the body classified as nervous tissue actually comprise the brain?
10%
Which of the following may be considered the first major turning point in the history of modern medical paradigms?
Aristotle's four-humors model; the systematic dissection of the human body in Alexandria; the discovery of physiological-anatomical connections in disease; the Greek ideological view of disease; the Roman concept of public hygiene
the Greek ideological view of disease
A "rib" is classified as which of the following types of bone?
flat
The MOST predominant factor(s) in blood plasma is(are) _____.
water
High levels of cortisol in the blood is generally an indication of _____.
stress
Muscular tissues are specifically designed to _____.
provide specific movements
The pericardium _____.
surrounds and protects the heart
The hormones produced in the hypothalamus are primarily engaged in the control of _____.
water regulation
Which of the following cells provide the function of cartilage erosion in the early stages of permanent bone formation?
osteoclasts
Thomas Willis is credited for coining the term _____.
neurophysics
All of the following are secreted by the anterior pituitary EXCEPT:
growth hormone (GH); thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH); luteinizing hormone (LH); adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH); antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
antidiuretic hormone
The sliding-filament theory is designed to describe the motion of _____.
muscles
Vasopressin, a peptide hormone released from the posterior pituitary, has the primary function in the body of regulating extracellular fluid volume by affecting renal handling of water. Vasopressin is also known as _____.
antidiuretic hormone
Erythrocytes have a primary function of _____.
oxygen transport
The "bicuspid," left atrioventricular valve, is also known sa the _____.
mitral valve
The organ MOST responsible for the functionin of the endocrine system is the _____.
hypothalamus
An example of a Hippocratic "natural" cause would be _____.
eating bad food and then becoming ill from it
The leading cause of death in the United States is _____.
coronary heart disease
Identification of lesions in the cortex and snile plaques in brain tissue obtained duringa n autopsy are confirming evidence of _____.
Alzheimer's disease
All of the following bones are located in the upper extremity EXCEPT:
humerus; fibula; ulna; radius; phalanges
fibula
The branch of the nervous system that consists of the brain and spinal cord is referred to as the _____.
central nervous system
The type of neuroglial cells that provide myelin in the central nervous system are called the _____.
oligodendrocytes
The first known physician to conduct extensive studies on lung disease was _____.
Paracelsus
Which of the following substances is secreted at the ending of nerve cells?
a neurotransmitter
The monoamine neurotransmitters include _____.
norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin
Which tissue contains chondrocytes that produce a threadlike network and help to provide flexibility to that tissue?
elastic cartilage
Which of the following is calssified as a ball-and-socket joint?
elbow; ankle; wrist; hip; knee
hip
MAO blockers are effective treatments for Parkinson's patients, because they hinder the normal enzymatic degradation of which neurotransmitter?
dopamine
A surface replacement or "retreading" is a procedure that is normally reserved for the _____.
knee
Although the CNS contains less than 2% of the total amount of this hormone in the entire body, its role in a range of brain functions and despecially the sense of "well-being" is extremely important.
serotonin
Deglutition involves the process of _____.
swallowing
The region of the brain that converges into the spinal cord is the _____.
mesencephalon
Which anatomist is famous for his work "De venarum ostiolis," a detailed description of the venous system?
Fabricus
In order to determine the age of an unborn fetus, a physician would normally employ the aid of a(n) _____.
ultrasound
What color would muscle tissue appear on an un-enhanced CT scan?
grey
The cavity that encases the brain is called the _____.
cranial cavity
The point of attachment for a muscle to a bone that is free to move is referred to as its _____.
insertion
Kupffer cells, that clean and destroy microbes in the blood are found in the _____.
liver
Automatically pulling your hand away from a painful stimulus such as a hot pot handle is an example of _____.
reflexive behavior
The "xiphoid process" is associated with the _____.
sternum
MRI imaging is MOST dependent upon _____.
a powerful magnet
Where would a condyloid joint be located on the human skeleton?
between the hand and the fingers
Which artery supplies the head with exygenated blood?
carotid
Gas exchange occurs in which part of the lungs?
alveolus
PET scans are capable of _____.
measuring minute changes in cellular activity
Often considered the "father of microscopy," which histologist discovered previously unknown details concerning mammalian blood?
Malpighi