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25 Cards in this Set

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What movement characterizes the events and norms of the Renaissance economy?
the movement toward independent states (with strong monarchies or civil governments)
Where was the economy largely stagnant until the mid fifteenth century?
southern and central Europe
What caused the southern and central European economy to stagnate until the mid fifteenth century?
population loss (due to the plague)
When did northwestern Europe overcome its economic stagnation?
early sixteenth century
What three things indicate that the later in the Renaissance, the global economy was better than earlier in the Renaissance?
the quality of life improved, starvation was much less comon, and people's overall health improved (mainly because the plague was less common)
What products were grown/created in northern Italy?
rice, wines, mulberries for silk cultivation, fodder crops, and textile dyes
What improvements were made in northern Italy that led to the ability to grow more profitable crops?
land reclamation, canals, and irrigation
Which was more attractive to the wealthy, consumption or investment?
consumption
Who did the wealthy uppcer class become the patrons of?
patrons of artists, musicians, scientists, and writers
What was much of the new wealth of the Renaissance era money spent on?
elegant homes, clothing and luxuries, patronage
What happened during the later thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries as a result of significant population growth?
a series of famines
When did the famines in Europe begin?
1315
What brought about the steep population decline (mainly in Western Europe)?
bubonic plague
What plagues created the so-called "Black Death?"
pneumonic plague and bubonic plauge
How much of the European population was killed by the Black Death?
1/3
What theory do scientists have about how the plague was spread?
that it ws spread by rat-borne fleas introduced by Italian ships arrive in Sicily from Black Sea ports
How long did it take for Europe's population to regenerate back to the rate it had before the plague?
200 years
Did the decrease in demand for food (during the plague) match the fall in production?
no
What resulted from cheaper grain prices?
allowed many to spend more on meat, butter, textiles, etc.
Why did grain farmers switch to livestock-raising?
because the prices of meat were more stable than the prices of grain (which fluctuated greatly with the population)
What happened to grain prices when the population increased?
(demand increased so) grain prices rose
What happened to grain prices when the population decreased?
(demand decreased so) grain prices fell
What happened to the standard of living during times of population decline, assuming there were few prevalent wars?
the standard of living improved
When would the standard of living tend to decline (as it relates to population)?
during times of rapid population growth (when resources, especially food production, could not maintain the same pace)
What kinds of changes occured because of the drastic decline in Europe's population from teh early to mid 14th century?
social changes, political changes, and economic changes