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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The Supreme Court can declare acts of Congress unconstitutional.
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Powers granted to Congress by the Constitution are to be broadly construed
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
A corporate franchise is a contract, wich the Constitution forbids a state legislature to impair.
Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819)
The power of Congress to regulate commerce extends to all forms of interstate commerce and to local commerce that affects commerce among the states.
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
Negroes cannot be citizens, and Congress cannot control slavery in the territories; the Missouri Compromise is unconstitutional.
Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857)
The president cannot order the trial of civilians by military courts in areas outside the military theater.
Ex parte Milligan (1866)
Equal protection under the 14th Amendment applies only to state action, not to discrimination by privaet persons.
Civil Rights Cases (1883)
the 14th Amendment does not incorporate the criminal procedure provisions of the Bill of Rights.
Hurtado v. California (1884)
Under the "seperate but equal" doctrine, racial segregation on public carriers does not deny equal protection.
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
a 10-hour-day law for bakers is a denial of freedom of contract.
Lochner v. New York (1905)
the federal Child Labor Act unconstitutionally interferes with right of the states to regulate manufacturing
Hammer v. Dagenhart (1918)
speech cannot be punished unless there is a "clear and present danger" that it will lead to evils Congress has a right to prevent.
Schenck v. United States (1919)
the 14th Amendment due process clause makes 1st Amendment's free speech provisions applicable to the states.
Gitlow v. New York (1925)
The National Industrial Recovery Act providing for self-regulation of industry is unconstitutional.
Schechter Poultry Corp v. United States
The court upholds the Wagner Act and returns to a broad interpretation of the commerce power.
NLRB v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp. (1937)
State minimum wage laws for women are valid; the court abandons substantive due process in the economic field.
West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish (1937)
1st Amendment freedoms have a "preferred position" over other rights.
Bridges v. California (1941)
President Truman's seizure of steel mills to assure munitions for troops in Korea is unconstitutional
Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer (1952)
Racial segregation in the public school denies equal protection
Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
obscenity is defined and held not to be protected by the 1st Amendment.
Roth v. United States (1957)
the court begins to make all criminal procedure provisions of the Bill of Rights effective in state prosecutions.
Mopp v. Ohio (1961)
A state-sponsored program of prayers in the public schools is unconstitutional
Engel v. Vitale (1962)
Courts can hear complaints against unequal apportionment of populat among legislative districts.
Baker v. Carr (1962)
in state criminal prosecutions counsel must be provided if the defendant cannot afford to retain it.
Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
The rule of "one man, one vote" requires all state legislators to be elected from districts roughly equal in population.
Reynolds v. Sims (1964)
Public officials can secure libel judgments against newspaper only where falsehoods are known to be such and malicious
New York Times v. Sullivan (1964)
State law forbidding birth control information is an unconstitutional invasion of right to privacy.
Griswold v. Connecticut (1965)
suspects under police inquiry must be notified of their rights, including right to counsel, or confessions will be invalid.
Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
Persons opposed to war on moral or ethical grounds are entitled to draft exemption as conscientious objectors.
Welsh v. United States (1970)
Voided the government's injunction against publication of the Pentagon Papers by the New York Times and the Washington Post.
New York Times Co. v. United States (1971)
Limited power of states to restrict abortions, especially in the first three months of pregnancy.
Roe v. Wade and Doe v. Bolton (1973)
The president cannot claim executive privilege and refuse to yield evidence needed in a criminal trial.
United States v. Nixon (1974)
Upheld restricted legitimacy of capital punishment for murder.
Gregg v. Georgia, Woodson v. North Carolina, and Roberts v. Louisiana (1976)