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121 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
transcontinental railroad
The first____was built by the Central Pacific and Union Pacific.
Native American buffalo hunters often drove their prey into a______.
Wild cattle that traveleddin large herds.
The National Grange helped farmers buy seed and tools at_____prices.
Plains farmers were called_____.
_____went ahead of other land seekers in Oklahoma and staked out good land.
In the late 1800s, the United States government made Indians live on______.
Spanish cowhands in the United States were called________.
Grangers formed______to buy seeds and tools more cheaply
mass production
By using ______Henry Ford made cars more cheaply than other automakers.
In the late 1800s, courts issued______to stop workers from striking.
________raise money by selling shares of stock.
The Standard Oil Trust created a _____by controlling the oil industry.
To win more business, railroad companies gave_____to big customers.
A railroad______is a system of connected lines.
Corporations pay_______to stockholders.
assembly line
The_______was first introduced in the automobile industry.
vertical integration
________means controlling an industry from rqaw materials to finished products.
Some railroads formed______to divide up business and fix prices.
In the process of_______, immigrants from Europe became part of American culture.
yellow journalism
Newspapers like the New York World used________to attract readers.
Salvation Army
The_______offered food and shelter to the poor.
_______was a variety show that included song-and-dance routines.
Chinese Exclusion Act
Congress responded to anti-Chinese feeling by passing the _______.
settlement houses
At_______such as Hull House, reformers helped the poor.
Writers who wanted to show life as it really was were called_______.
Ellis Island
Many immiagrants landed first at_______.
Scott Joplin made the sounds of_______popular.
The__________set up activities for young people.
_______were reporters who wrote about corruption.
Voter's choose their party's candidate in a_________.
When Roosevelt tried to regulate giant companies, he was called a_______.
The _______gave voters the power to make a bill become a law.
Women who campaigned for the right to vote were known as______.
civil service
People who hold federal jobs are part of the_______.
Voters can remove an elected official from office through a________.
Gentlemen's Agreement
In the_______, President Roosevelt limited immigration from Japan.
The______gave voters the right to introduce a law for the state legislature to vote on.
Wisconsin Idea
The_____included a whole program of Progressive reforms.
Between 1870 and 1914, many nations practiced_______in Africa and Asia.
Seward's Folly
American's called the purchase of Alaska________.
Early Presidents urged the United States to follow a policy of_______.
sphere of influence
In China, a________was an area, often around a seaport, where a nation had special trading privileges.
Rough Riders
Theodore Roosevelt led the _____ in the Battle of San Juan Hill.
Boxer Rebellion
During the______, armed Chinese attacked foreigners.
dollar diplomacy
President Taft thought that_______was the best way to expand economic ties with Latin America.
Platt Amendment
Under the________, Cuba had only limited rights to make treaties.
The Germans called their emperor______.
In November 1917, the _______ seized power in Russia.
During World War I, both sides used_____to win support for their beliefs and ideas.
As a result of the_______, World War I ended on Movember 11, 1918.
A______refuses to fight in any war.
Germany was forced to pay_______ after World War I.
An example of________was the naval racea betwen Britain and Germany.
Zimmerman telegram
News of the_______-moved the United States closer to entering World War I.
_______was one of President Wilson's Fourteen Points.
In the 1920s, young women who bobbed their hair were called______.
full market
Rising stock price in the late 1920s caused a_______on Wall Street.
quota system
The United States slowed immigration by setting up a______.
_______opposed all organized governments.
During Prohibition, people met in_____to drink illegal liquor.
During the depression, many homeless people lived in shack villages called________.
sitdown strikes
Workers staged______to win recognition for their unions.
Brain Trust
The_______were experts on economic issues who advised FDR.
public works programs
President Roosevelt set up_____to provide jobs for the unemployed.
migrant workers
Many Dust Bowl farmers became_____when they were forced to leave their farms.
collective bargaining
______helped unions negotiate better contracts for their members.
fireside chats
President Roosevelt used his_____to reassure worried citizens about the future.
deficit spending
______occurs when a government spends more than it takes in from taxes.
Altough President Hoover sympathized with the needy, he did not believe that the government should set up ______programs.
The government promised to pay World War I veterans a_______.
Benito Mussolini was a_____ because he had complete power over his country.
Japan's invasion of China was an act of _______.
collective farms
In the Soviet Union, peasants were forced to give up their land and join _______.
Battle of Britain
During the_______, German planes bombed London and other English cities.
island hopping
Allied leaders decided that ____ was the best way to advance across the Pacific.
totalitarian state
Germany was a _____ state because the Nazi party controlled all aspects of life.
Britain and France followed a policy of ____ at the Munich Conference.
During the _______ millions of Jews were killed by the Nazis.
______, or lightning war, is the German term for a swift, massive attack.
Bataan Death March
During the ______, thousands of American and Filipino prisoners of war died.
Launched in 1957, _____ was the world's first artificial satellite.
Marshall Plan
Under the _____, the United States gave millions of dollars to aid European nations to rebuild their economies.
Cold War
After World War II, the ____ developed between the United States and the Soviet Union.
civil rights movement
The efforts of African American leaders to work for equality became known as the ______.
baby boom
In the late 1940s and early 1950s, increased birthrates produced a ______.
Warsaw Pact
In 1955, the Societ Union formed a military alliance called the _______.
closed shop
Under a________agreement, a company cannot hire nonunion workers.
United Nations
The ____was set up after World War II to help solve conflicts between nations.
Truman Doctrine
Under the _______, the United States sent aid to Greece and Turkey.
civil disobedience
Martin Luther King, Jr., believed in _____ as a way to change unjust laws.
During the 1940s and 1950s, federal agencies followed a policy of______, encouraging Natiave Americans to leave their reservations.
During the Vietnam War, _____ fighters used hit-and-run tactics.
During a period of _____ in the 1970s, tensions between the superpowers eased.
women's rights movement
A major goal of the ______ was an end to discrimination based on sex in jobs, pay, and education.
affirmative action
______is action taken to provide equal opportunities for minorities, women, and others faced with discrimination.
poverty line
One goal of the Great Society was to help Americans living below the _____.
As more American toops were sent to Vietnam, the fighting began to ______.
Mexican farm workers, known as ____, were brought to the United States to harvest crops.
domino theory
According to the _____, if Vietnam became communist, the rest of Southeast Asia would, too.
Many Cuban ______ settled in the United States.
balanced budget
President Reagan did not achieve his goal of a _________ because the government spent more than it took in as income.
In Nicaragua, the socialist ______ wanted to overthrow the government.
During the ______ of the early 1990s, ecomonic growth slowed and unemployment rose.
economic sanctions
_______are actions, such as boycotts, taken against a country in the hope of gringing about a change in its policy.
Through the policy of _____, Gorbachev encouraged people to speak out about problems in the Soviet Union.
For many years, the government of South Africa enforced a policy of ______.
Star Wars
The nickname for the American space-based defense prograam was _______.
Iran-Contra deal
Debate was stirred up over the _____ because officials working for the President lied to Congress.
President Reagan supported efforts to overthrow the socialist givernment of the ______ in Nicaragua.
_______is the name of the once-banned trade union in Poland.
ozone layer
During the 1980s, scientists found holes in the _______ at certain times of the year.
solar energy
To encourage the use of _______, scientists are looking for low-cost ways to convert energy from the sun into useful power.
fiber optics
Using _____, technicians can send probes of light along thin glass fibers.
illegal immigrants
______enter the United States without official permission.
Some schools ______ students with diabilities into regular classes.
______allow doctors to examine the body without surgery.
People who work to control pollution and protect the land are called ______.
renewable resources
_______, such as solar energy, are those that do not get used up.
service industry
Workers in a_______ do not produce any goods.
With ______, doctors wiped out smallpox and other diseases.