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46 Cards in this Set

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a system of farming in which a tenant farmer gives a share of the crop to the farm owner instead of paying rent
sharecropping
the period (1865-1877) during which the former confederate states were controlled by the federal government before being re-admitted into the Union
reconstruction
this ammendment ended savery in the U.S. (& was ratified right after the civil war)
13th amendment
this amendment outlined national citizenship, set boundries for representation, and limited Confederate power in office
14th amendment
laws passed in an effort to make african americans affect the same conditions under which they had labored in before the war (ie: Jim Crow Laws)
black codes
temporary rule imposed on a civilian population by military authorities
martial law
the procedure of charging an office-holding official with misconduct before a formal tribunal
impeachment
a Northener who went to the south after the civil war to seek for political or financial advantage
carpetbagger
a white republican southener who opposed secession and support Radical reconstruction
scalawag
a group of citizens that, without authority, takes on itself powers such as pursuing and punishing those suspected of committing crimes (ie: the KKK)
vigilante
crossing a continent
transcontinental
a town that comes into existence suddenly
boom town
yearly provision of food, clothing ,and other necessary items (this was given to the American indians by the government)
annuity
land that is set aside for american indians
reservation
to adopt a country's dominant culture
assimilate
land claimed by a settler under the Homestead act of 1862
homestead
a person who organizes and assumes the risk for a business venture
entrepreneur
a person who promotes human welfare through the funding of beneficial public insitutions (modern day ie: Paul Newman)
philanthropist
a social structure that is based on city life
urban society
a continuously moving belt that moves parts past workers who each have a specific task
assembly line
an orginization of owrkers formed to serve workers' interests and with respect to wages and working conditions
labor union
a payment made to a person in return for political or business favors
kickbacks
the practice of giving out governmentjobs in exchange for political support
patronage
a group of Republicans who sought to eliminate political corruption & business abuses during the Gilded Age
mugwamps
to control or manage business or other activities by established rules
regulate
a company that completely controls the market for a particular commodity or service
monopoly
the reduction/limitation or giving up of arms
disarmament
the Nazi ideologyl a white person of non-semetic descent, regarded as racially superior
aryan
a social and political ideology with the primary guiding principle that the state or nation is highest priorty, rather than personal/individual freedoms; Mussolini's regime
facism
the belief in a peaceful resoluton to conflicts, and refusal to participate in war
pacifism
"lightning war" of the axis powers, a swift military offensive (using 100% of ground and air forces at once)
blitzkrieg
money, clothing, weapons, and other supplies sent to G.B. & France at the beginning of WWII
lend/lease act
the alliance of Great Britain, the U.S., and Soviet Russia during WWII
allied forces
the alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan during WWII
axis powers
June 6, 1944 - the day when the Allied forces landed on north France and "stormed the beaches of Normandy", to begin the liberation of occupied Europe
D-Day
the Allied forces leaders united: FDR, Churchill, and Stalin
the big 3
the gathering, in 1945, in Ukraine between Stalin, FDR, and Churchill; that determined the administration of Germany after WWII
yalta conference
the ideas that the U.S. came up with to defeat Japan
1) mainland invasion
2) negotiate unconditional surrender
3) drop and atomic bomb
total defeat
the secret research into the first atomic bomb, leading to the successful construction and dropping on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
manhattan project
the nazi camps for exterminating prisoners; later lead to the camps where prisoners die sysematically within harsh (& extremely inhumane) conditions
concentration/death camps
Hitler's decision for the systematic killing/ mass murder of Jews during WWII
the final solution
the Nazi secret police (along with the SS) in charge of rounding up Jews & others who seemed "unfit" for the Nazi regime
gestapo
the systematic genocide of European Jews and others (1950's "coined" term)
holocaust
laws, set up by Hitler, stating that Jews were no longer German citizens, and not allwoed to mary any of the Aryan race
nuremburg laws
on the night of Nov. 19, 1938, the Nazi's in Germany and Austria, engaged on attacks on Jews and their property
kristallnacht
this "world court" set up to convict op Nazi officials and others involved after WWII; The Result - many Nazi's were sentenced to death (if they hadn't already killed themselves) or put in prison
IMT (international military tribunal)