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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The political theory on which Jefferson and Madison based their antifederalist resolutions declaring that the 13 states created the Constitution.
Compact Theory
Documents signed in 1794 whose terms favoring Britain outraged Jeffersonian Republicans.
Jay's Treaty
Hamilton's policy of having the federal government take over and pay the financial obligations of the states.
Crafty French foreign minister who was first hostile and then friendly to Americans during a crisis.
Talley Rand
Alexander Hamilton's policy of paying off all federal bonds at face value, with interest, in order to strengthen the national credit.
Political party that believed in the common people, no government aid for business, and a pro-French foreign policy.
The cabinet office in Washington's administration headed by a brilliant young West Indian immigrant who distrusted the people.
Secretary of the Treasury
Washington's secretary of state and organizer of a political party opposed to Hamilton's policies.
Thomas Jefferson
Code names for three French agents who attempted to extract bribes from American diplomats in 1797.
Brilliant administrator and financial wizard whose career was plagued by doubts about his character and loyalty.
Alexander Hamilton
Political party that believed in a strong government run by the wealthy, government aid to business, and pro-British foreign policy.
The doctrine, proclaimed in the Virginia and Kentucky resolutions, that a state can block a federal law it considers unconstitutional.
Skillful politician-scholar who drafted the Bill of Rights and moved it through the First Congress.
James Madison
Effort that showed the 4 million Americans to be 90 percent rural and 95 percent east of the Appalachians.
Census of 1790
The constitutional office into which John Adams was sworn on April 30, 1789.
vice president
Message issued by Washington in 1793 that urged Americans to stay impartial and aloof from the French Revolutionary wars with the British.
Neutrality Proclamation
Political and social upheaval supported by most Americans during its moderate beginnings in 1789 but the cause of bitter division among Americans.
French Revolution
Institution established by Hamilton to create a stable currency and bitterly opposed by states' rights advocates.
Bank of the United States
The official body of voters, chosen by the states under the new Constitution, who in 1789 unanimously elected George Washington as president.
electoral college
A protest by poor western farmers what was firmly suppressed by Washington and Hamilton's army.
Whiskey Rebellion
Message telling American that it should avoid unnecessary entanglements - a reflection of the foreign policy of its author.
Farewell Address
Agreement signed between two anti-British countires in 1778 that increasingly plagued American foreign policy in the 1790s.
French-American Alliance
Political organizations not envisioned in the Constitution and considered dangerous to national unity by most of the Founding Fathers.
political parties
The nation with which the United States fought an undeclared war from 1798 to 1800.
The first ten amendments to the Constitution.
the bill of rights
Harsh and probably unconstitutional laws aimed at radical immigrants and Jeffersonian writers.
alien and sedition acts
Hamilton's aggressive financial policies of paying off all federal bonds and taking on all debts.
funding and assumption
Body organized by the Judiciary Act of 1789 and first headed by John Jay.
Supreme Court
Constitutional amendments designed to protect liberties, the last two of which were added by Madison to check federal power and prtect states' rights.
Bill of rights