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30 Cards in this Set

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Compromise of 1850
This admitted California as a FREE state to the Union. Utah and New Mexico were created without restrictions on slaves. Slave trade was abolished in Washington DC. Stricter fugitive slave laws.
Kansas-Nebraska Act
Created Kansas and Nebraska to accomodate transcontinental railroad. Republican party was formed because the Northerners did not support this Act due to the slavery issue.
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Author and opponent of Slavery.
Dred Scott Decision
Suit of slave for his freedom. He lost. The supreme court stated a slave could not sue because he wasn't a citizen and congress had no right to forbid slavery in the territories.
John Brown
abolitionist: wanted slavery to be illegal. Caused a riot at Harper's Ferry and was hanged. This then made him a martyr to the antislavery cause.
Popular Sovereignty
The political doctrine which provided for the settlers of federal territorial lands to decide the status (free or slave) under which they would join the Union.
Stephen Douglas
Fierce supporter of popular sovereignty. This ideal made him lose the presidency.
Abraham Lincoln
16th president of US. Republican from Illinois.
Secession
TO LEAVE. This is what southerners thought was their only hope after Lincoln was elected.
Confederate States of America
Made up of South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas. Jefferson Davis was their president. Justified secession by stating that negros were not equal to the white man.
Fort Sumter
In Charleston. Place where Civil War was started on April 12, 1861.
antiseptics
germ killing substances
Anesthetics
pain killers
Clara Barton
"Angel of the Battlefield" Founded the American Red Cross.
Elizabeth Blackwell
Nations first woman doctor.
Battle of Bull Run
Battle where Union thought they would win easily, but Stonewall Jackson's troops held and the Confederacy won.
Robert E. Lee
Head of the Confederate Army. West point general.
Battle of Shiloh
Conf. Johnston's surprise attack on Union. Union won with fresh troops delivered by boat during the night. Bloody battle. 13,000 union dead. 11,000 conf. dead.
Seven Days' Battle
Battle between Lee and McClellan's troops that lasted seven days. Union retreated to protect president.
Battle of Antietam
Turning point for Union whos morale was down. Stopped France and Britain from supporting Confederacy. Bloodiest battle of War.
Emancipation Proclamation
Lincoln's intention to free all slaves in the rebelling states as of Jan. 1, 1863.
Sojourner Truth
Freed woman slave who spoke out for women's rights and abolition of slavery.
Copperheads
Northern Democrats who called for peace and compromise with the south.
Battle of Gettysburg
Greatest single battle of War. Lasted three days. Was won by union because of new rifles that were more accurate.
Battle of Vicksburg
Battle that gave the union army complete control of the Mississippi and gave Grant control of the whole union army.
Gettysburg Address
Speech that Lincoln gave as he dedicated the cemetery at the battle site. This speech inspired the union army to go on.
Total War
a war designed to destroy not only eney troops, but also enemy factories, fields, railroads, and livestock.
Ulysses S. Grant
Commander of Union army. West point grad. Later became 18th president.
William Sherman
General who captured Atlanta for union army.
WHEN DID THE WAR END?
April 9, 1865 at the Appomattox Courthouse where Lee surrendered to Grant.