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44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Compromise of 1850
Agreement designed to ease tensions over slavery in the western U.S.
Louisiana Purchase
Louisiana Territory was purchased by the US from France 1803
War of 1812
War between the US and Great Britain over land in Canada
Missouri Compromise
1820 agreement: missouri could be a slave state and Maine could be a free state. Outlaws slavery in future at 36, 30 N.
Marbury Vs. Madison
1803 Supreme Court decision that gave Judicial Review (court can declare something unconstitutional)
Alien and Sedition Acts
Made it against the law to criticize government officials
Federalist Papers
Written by Hamilton, Madison and Jay. Convinced others to support the constitution.
Triangular Trade
Trade between America, Europe and Asia
Middle Passage
one leg of triangular trade, often refers to the forced trading of slaves
Columbian Exchange
The transatlantic trade of crops, technology, and culture between the Americas, Europe, Africa, and Asia that began in 1492 with Columbus's voyage
Going across the Atlantic Ocean to trade
A spanish conquistador
An area of land settled by immigrants who continue to be ruled by their parent country.
Indentured Servant
A person who works for another person for a specified period of time, usually 7 years under contract, in exchange for transportation, food and shelter
Northwest Passage
The intended route to access Asia via North America
Discovered in 1607. First permanent settlement named after King James. John Smith is the leader.
Mayflower Compact
Agreement in which settlers of Plymouth Colony agreed to obey their government's laws.
Religious Tolerance
Idea that the people of different religions should live in peace together.
Propriety Colony
A colony granted by a king or queen to an individual or a group who has full governing rights.
Economic Theory that a country should try to get and keep as much bullion as possible by importing more goods than it exports
Balance of Trade
The difference between imports and exports
French and Indian War
French and Indians VS Colonists and Britain, Britain and colonists win, fighting over land in north eastern US
Great Awakening
Religions revival 1730s and 1740s
Stamp Act Crisis
King George III taxes paper that the colonists used, colonists want representation in government, makes them angry
First Continental Congress
Met in Philadelphia to discuss independence from Britain. 13 people there, one from each colony
Battles of Lexington and Concord
First shots of Revolutionary War are fired here
Shot heard round the world"
Starts the revolution at Lexington and Concord
Revolutionary War
Colonists VS Britain, colonists fighting for independence
Common Sense
Thomas Paine writes this saying that if you don't like how you are governed, it is your right to fight to change it
Separation of Powers
The 3 branches of government, legislative, judicial and executive... each has its own powers
Second Great Awakening
Second religious revival in the 1800s
Mexican War
US VS. Mexico over southern land... US wins (1846 - 1848)
Kansas Nebraska Act
Kansas and Nebraska could each be a state and the people there could decide if they would be free or not
Popular Sovereignty
The people of the state get to decide how to best rule themselves (free or not)
Dred Scott Decision
slave who sued his owner for his freedom
Bleeding Kansas
kansas VS nebraska... fighting at the border over slavers
Civil War
North (union) vs. South (confederate) over slavery1861 - 1865
Courthouse in Virginia where Lee surrenders to GRant
13th, 14th and 15th Amendments
13th frees the slaves

14th makes black men citizens

15th gives black males the right to vote
The plan to rebuild the south after the civil war
Enforcement Act of 1870
passed by congress to ban the use of terror, force or bribery to keep black men from voting
Black Codes
laws that went against black people
Freedmen's Bureau
first major federal relief agency to help blacks with education, food, jobs, etc. 1865
system of farming in which a farmer tends some portion of a planter's land and receives a share of the harvest