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21 Cards in this Set

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April 12, 1861
Confederate forces opened fire on Fort Sumnter
Progressivism
Reform movement of the early 1900s concerned with curing problems of urbanization and industrialization.
Progressive Party
Bull Moose Party: reform party that ran Theodore Roosevelt for president in 1912.
Plan that called for the Old Missouri Compromise line to be drawn west through the remaining territories.
Crittenden Compromise
Northern advantages over the South.
1. Huge poulation
2. economic advantage (industry and resources).
3. railroad lines and manufacturing of railroad equipment.
4. U.S. Navy
habeas corpus
a protection against unlawful imprisonment.
Two important advantages the South had over the North.
1. Had to fight only a defensive war, protecting its territory until the union tired of the struggle.
2. South had excellent military leadership.
war of attrition
Union general Grant's Civil War strategy of fighting until the South ran out of men, supplies, and will.
Northern Democrats who sympathized with the South, but did not actively interfere with the war efforts were known as?
Copperheads
Emancipation Proclamation
Order announced by President Abraham Lincoln in 1862 that freed the slaves in areas rebelling against the Union; took effect January 1, 1863.
Anaconda Plan
Union plan during hte civil War for a naval blockade of the South; compared to an Anaconda snake.
Significant of the First Battle of Bull Run
Made both sides realize that the war would last longer than a few months. As a result, each side began to train its forces for batle and to plan strategy.
First major battle of the Civil War
First Battle of Bull Run or Battle of Manassas
Battle of Shiloh
The Civil War battle that resulted in greater Union control over the Mississippi River valley.
Failed Confederate attack during the Battle of Gettysburg.
Pickett's Charge
Compulsory draft into military service.
Conscription
Battle of Gettysburg
Union victory at Gettysburg, pennsylvania, during the Civil War that turned the tide against the Confederates; more than 40,000 soldiers died.
Seige of Vicksburg
Union army's blockade of Vicksburg, Mississippi, that led the city to surrender during the Civil War.
When and where did Confedrate General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Grant?
Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia, April 9, 1865
Speech given by President Abraham Lincoln to dedicate a cemetery at the Gettysburg, Virginia, battlefield; a classic statement of democratic ideals.
Gettysburg Address
Federal agency headed in part by Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell; it battled disease and infection among Union soldiers during the Civil War.
U.S. Sanitary Commission