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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
bay of pigs
the u.s. attempt to overthrow the cuban gov. using cuban exiles.
cuban missile crisis
confrontation between u.s. and ussr about soviet supplied missiles in cuba
domino theory
blocking of another natioins attempts of spreading their influence
truman doctrine
policy that provided economic and military aid to countries threatened by internal or external opponents
defensive military alliance formed by 10 western european countries, u.s. and canada. north atlantic treaty org.
warsaw pact
military alliance formed by soviets and their eastern satalites
berlin air lift
u.s. and british planes flew food and supplies into west berlin
major battles of WWII
1. invasion of poland
2. battle of dunkirk
3. battle of britain
-air attack
4. operation torch
-defeat of germans in north africa
5. battle at midway
-changed japan's domination
6. d-day invasion
-france is liberated
potsdam conference
u.s., u.k., soviet union, france.
-complete dismemberment of germany/ reconstruct german political life
-prevent production of weapons
-reparataions from germany
yalta conference
u.s., britain, soviet union.
-world organization
-dismemberment of germany
-reparation/germany must pay allied nations
-after germany surrenders, russia will enter war against japan
actions that bring U.S. into WWII
japan launched attack on china, not officially declaring war, roosevelt claimed there was no need to enforce neutrality acts
axis powers
allied powers
-great britain
dictatiors- similarities
-economic stability
-solve social problems
-stress nationalism
causes of WWII
1. economic
-germany owes 30 billion and could not pay
-debt caused countries to raise tarrifs
2. political instability
-new countries=political inexperience
3. militarism
-germany built up military
-japan built navy over limits
4. imperialism
-japan in china
-italy in ethopia and albania
treaty of versailles
1. fall of austria-hungary
-creation of czech, romania,yugo
2. france regains lost land
3. germany blamed for war
-must pay britain and france reparations
reasons u.s. entered WWI
-loans to britain
-germans unrestriced sub. warfare/lusitainia
-zimmerman telegram/mexico is promised lost land
fourteen point plan
created by woodrow wilson
*no secret treaties
*freedom in the sees
*free trade
*arms should be reduced
*policies should consider people as well as powers
-other 8 deal with boundry lines
the big four
woodrow wilson-united states
david lloyd george-britain
georges clemenceau-france
vittorio orlando-italy
zimmerman telegram
germany sent to mexico saying if u.s. enters war, they can get back lost land and germany will back them
german u-boat sank british liner 128 were americans
causes of WWI
1. alliances
2. imperialism
3. nationalism
4. militarism
triple entente=allied powers
- russia w/belgium
- france
-great britain
triple alliance=central powers
-italy w/ bulgaria
-ottoman empire
panama canal
1. u.s. wants canal to connect ocean
-provide mobility
-commerce w/ west
2. us. role
-build & operate
-allows all nations to use
3. u.s. & colombia
-u.s. tries to buy land from colombia
-u.s. & roosevelt aid in revolution
*new gov. sells land
*u.s. rents from panama
major land acquisitions
*puerto rico
roosevelt corollary
- addendum to monroe doctrine
-u.s. use force to protect economic interest in latin america
-americas "great white fleet" sent to show off military power
platt amendment
1. cuba can't make treaties that might limit its independence
2. u.s. could intervenein cuba
3.cuba could not go into debt
4. u.s. can buy or lease land for naval stations
spanish-american war
-areas where fought
-national pride
-american investment in cuba
-inhuman conditions
-explosion of the Maine
-yellow journalism
-phillippine islands
-caribbean/cuba/puerto rico
-ended spanish rule in western hemisphere
-u.s. aquired more territory
monroe doctrine
1. europe cannot colonize the american countries
2. europe can't impose their influence on the western hemisphere
3. if country has declared independence, europe has to back off
4. u.s. will stay out of europe affiairs
define isolationism & imperialism
isolationism-policy of non-participation in international affiairs

imperialism-nations seeks to control raw materials & world markets by conquering other countries and establishing colonies
federal trade commission act
power to investigate corporations. put an end to unfair business practices
clayton act
prohibited corporations from making monopolies and broke apart monopolies
sherman anti-trust act
made it illegal to form a trust that interfered with free trade
journalist who exposed the darker side of society
demands and beliefs of the progressives
1. human progress
2. wanted to make life more humane
-through human action
-reform/ change
3. gov. intervention
-end political coruption

ideas from religion, social gospel
upton sinclair
muckraker, wrote THE JUNGLE
4 causes of the progressive movement
-unsafe working conditions
-large corporations
-political reformers want to make gov. more responsive.
knights of labor
-8 hour work day
-equal pay for men & women
-compensation for injuries

*no child labor
*open to balcks and women
*wanted to tame capitalism
*opposed use of strikes
american federation of labor
-higher wages
-8 hour work days
-used strikes as a weapon

*excluding minorties and women
*should not fight capitalism
*no child labor
core culture
impact on u.s. culture
1. language
2. religion/ protestant
3. education
4. political system
robber barons
carnegie-bessemer process
laissez faire
1. total control of a market
2. no gov. intervention in business
3. stock bought in a company, gets dividends but no say in decisions
vertical & horizontal integration
vertical- company owns all factors of production

horizontal- companys producing similar products merge
causes of the growth of industrialism
-raw materials
-railway network
-urban population
-farm production