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31 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Bacon's rebellion
attack led by Nathaniel Bacon against American Indians and the colonial government in Virginia
covenant
sacred agreement
Middle Passage
voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to North America and the west Indies
balance of trade
relationship between what goods a country purchases from other countries and what goods it sells to other countries
Puritans
Protestants who wanted to reform the Church of England
Separatists
radical group of Puritans who wanted to cut all ties with the church of England
dissenters
people who disagree with official religious or political opinions
Mayflower Compact
legal document written by the Pilgrims to specify basic laws and social rules for their colony
protestants
reformers who protested certain practices of the catholic church
House of Burgesses
Colonial Virginia's elected assembly
Pilgrims
members of a Puritan Separatist sect that left England in the early 1600's to settle in the Americas
bicameral legislature
lawmaking body made up of two houses
Navigation Acts
series of English laws that regulated trade in the American colonies in order to increase profits
Protestant Reformation
religious movement begun by Martin Luther and others in 1517 to reform the Catholic church
triangular trade
trading networks in which goods and slaves moved between England, the American colonies and West Africa
duties
taxes on imported goods
charter
official document that gives a person the right to establish a colony
imports
items a country purchases from other countries
inflation
economic condition in which both the amount of money in circulation and the price of goods increase
Parliament
the British legislature
libel
false, printed statement that damages a person's reputation
Great Migration
mass migration of thousands of English people to the Americas that took place between 1629 and 1640
indentured servants
colonists who received free passage to North America in exchange for working without pay for a certain number of years
conquistadores
Spanish soldiers and explorers who led military expeditions in the Americas and captured land for Spain
sect
a religious group
immigrants
people who move to another country after leaving their homeland
proprietors
owners
town meeting
New England political meeting at which people made decisions on local issues
exports
items that a country sells to other countries
Quakers
Protestant sect founded around 1647 in England that believed salvation was available to all people
Privy Council
group of royal advisors who set policies for Britain's American colonies