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30 Cards in this Set

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How many continents are there?
Seven
Name the seven continents..
North America; South America; Africa; Asia; Australia; Antarctica; Europe
The land mass that includes both Europe and Asia is called:
Eurasia
Name the eight geographic regions of North America.
Coastal Plain, Appalachian Mountains, Canadian Shield, Interior Lowlands, Great Plains, Rocky Mountains, Basin and Range, and Coastal Range.
Name the geographic region described:
• Located along the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico
• Broad lowland providing many excellent harbors
Coastal Plain
Name the geographic region described:
• Located west of Coastal Plain extending from eastern Canada to western Alabama
• Old, eroded mountains (oldest mountain range in North America)
Appalachian Mountains
Name the geographic region described:
• Wrapped around Hudson Bay in a horseshoe shape
• Hills worn by erosion and hundreds of lakes carved by glaciers
• Holds some of the oldest rock formations in North America
Canadian Shield
Name the geographic region described:
• Located west of the Appalachian Mountains and east of the Great Plains
• Rolling flatlands with many rivers, broad river valleys, and grassy hills
Interior Lowlands
Name the geographic region described:
• Located west of Interior Lowlands and east of the Rocky Mountains
• Flat land that gradually increases in elevation westward; grasslands
Great Plains
Name the geographic region described:
• Located west of the Great Plains and east of the Basin and Range
• Rugged mountains stretching from Alaska to Mexico; high elevations
• Contains the Continental Divide, which determines the directional flow of rivers
Rocky Mountains
Name the geographic region described:
• Located west of Rocky Mountains and east of the Sierra Nevada's and the Cascades
• some small mountain ranges and Death Valley, the lowest point in North America
Basin and Range
Name the geographic region described:
• Rugged mountains along the Pacific Coast that stretch from California to Canada
• Fertile valleys
Coastal Range
This ocean served as the highway for explorers, early settlers, and later immigrants.
The Atlantic Ocean
This river was the gateway to the west.
The Ohio River
Inland port cities grew in the Midwest along these lakes.
The Great Lakes
These rivers were the transportation arteries for farm and industrial products. They were links to ports and other parts of the world.
The Mississippi and Missouri Rivers
This river was explored by Lewis and Clark.
The Columbia River
This river was explored by the Spanish.
The Colorado River
This river forms the border with Mexico.
The Rio Grande
This body of water provided the French and Spanish with exploration routes to Mexico and other parts of America
The Gulf of Mexico
These American Indians lived in present-day Alaska and northern Canada. They lived in Arctic areas where the temperature is below freezing much of the year.
Inuit
These Indians lived in the Pacific Northwest coast, where the climate was rainy and mild.
Kwakiutl
These Indians lived on the Great Plains. This region, which is covered by dry grasslands, is in the interior part of the United States.
Sioux
These Indians lived in the Southwest in present-day New Mexico and Arizona, where they lived in desert areas and areas bordering cliffs and mountains
Pueblo
These Indians lived in the heavily forested Eastern Woodland in the Northeast.
Iroquois
What factors greatly affected the way each of the American Indian groups lived, found food, and built shelters?
Geography and climate
What did Iroquois Indians of the Eastern Woodland use to build their homes?
Wood from the forests.
Which Indian group lived in tepees made from buffalo skin?
Sioux
Why did European countries compete for power in North America?
Reasons for exploration
• Economic—Gold, natural resources, and trade
• Religious—Spread of Christianity
• Competitions for empire and belief in superiority of own culture
What were the obstacles faced by the explorers?
• Poor maps and navigational tools
• Disease/starvation
• Fear of unknown
• Lack of supplies