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89 Cards in this Set

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13. Congregationalists
What colony?
What religion?
Massachusetts Bay Colony
change within – Puritans
14. Great Migration
14. 1629-1642 John Winthrop – covenant w/god – “city on a hill” – no religious freedom
15. Plymouth Bay Colony
15. 1620 N. of Virginia – 1st religious colony – N. England
16. Lord Baltimore
Maryland
religious tolerance – Catholic
17. Thomas Hooker
Connecticut
equality women – left Mass.
18. Rhode Island
18. Roger Williams
buy land from Indians, relig. Free
19. Pequot War
19. Mass. Bay kills 400 villagers – retaliation for 9
20. antinomianism
Anne Hutchinson
challenged Church – antinomianism – faith and God’s grace – not good works
21. Roger Williams
21. separate church and state, can't vote if not church member
22. Maryland Toleration Act
22. religious freedom
23. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
23. unified Conn. Towns – first Constitution
24. Dutch trading post taken by British invasion quick
New Amsterdam, NY
25. New Jersey
25. king gift to friends, sold to investors
26. Carolina
26. N. Car – old Virginians, S. Car – like sugar plant of Carib.
27. King Philip’s War
27. Metacomet – allied Indians – fought settlers – ended Natives on coast, united colonists – devastated towns
28. Bacon’ Rebellion
28. 1st Am. Rebellion - tidewater vs. backcountry – felt not protected – burned Jamestown – attacked gov.
Quaker ... where and whom
Pennsylvania
William Penn – Quaker – religious freedom, nice to Indians - pacifists
30. Dominion of New England

who ruled it?
30. Britain tries to stop illegal trade – rules group of colonies as one until 1692

Gov. Edmund Andros
31. Glorious Revolution in England
31. overthrow James II – Mass. becomes a royal colony > all Protestants can now vote – not only Puritans

Ended Dominion of New England
32. New Sweden
32. Delaware
33. failed experiment for convicts – buffer zonea
33. Georgia
34. 1636 – pretty important school – Mass.
34. Harvard College
35. Halfway Covenant
35. Puritan kids baptized automatically – even without “Grace” – but still can’t vote
36. Salem witchcraft trials
36. 1692 130 “witches” jailed/executed - hysteria
37. Scotch Irish
37. white trash – Appalachian mountains
38. Great Awakening
38. religious movement – God’s pissed – united colonies - Jonathan Edwards – Sinners Hands Angry God
39. College of William and Mary - location?
39. Virginia college
40. Peter Zenger Case
40. legally made fun of governor – freedom of press
41. Stono Rebellion
what happened? led to ...?
41. 1739 slave rebellion – stole weapons, killed men, freed slaves – hid Florida – led to slave codes
42. Regulators Uprising
42. Carolina – rebelled against high taxes – more rebels
43. salutary neglect
43. Britain doesnt have time to enforce Navigation Acts – America starts smuggling
44. triangular trade
44. Europe goods, African slaves, American sugar/natural resources
45. King William’s War
45. First French and Indian war
46. Queen Anne’s War
which 2 places did the British recive?

What treaty?
46. Second French and Indian war – gave Hudson, Nova Scotia to British

Treaty of Utrecht
47. King George’s War
47. 3rd - Fight to retake Nova Scotia – nothing changed
48. Albany Congress
48. 1754 meeting of seven colonies conserning native americans
49. Albany Plan of Union
Who?
49. Benjamin Franklin – failed attempt to unite colonies for defense – taxes & intercolonial govt
50. French and Indian War
Who was involved?
What happened to Britain's money?
Who was the war hero?
50. French/Indians vs. Colonists/British/Indians – drained British finances – Washington war hero
51. George III
Said that the colonists need to do what beacuase of the French and Indian war?
51. Colonists should pay huge debt
52. Treaty of Paris
End what war?
What happens to the French?
52. England gets Canada/east of Mississippi
Ends French and Indian war
Ends French in America
53. Proclamation of 1763
Causes what uprising?
53. Pontiac’s Uprising – forces Appalachian Mtns. Western boundary
54. Sugar and Currency Acts
Ends what?
54. Deter smugglers – smaller tax, but enforced – ends salutary neglect/Colonies can’t make paper money
55. Stamp and Quartering Acts
55. Tax to raise revenue, covered all legal documents – heavily affected lawyers/house British soldiers
56. Stamp Act Congress
56. 1765 – 9 colonies meet to complain
57. Sons of Liberty
57. protest groups – mobs harassed governors/tax collect
58. Declaratory Act
58. Brits “declare” they have the right to tax
59. Townshend Acts
sparked what panphlet?
59. tax on British imports, vice-admiralty courts (Brit run w/ no jury), cancelled NY legislature, search homes

John Dickens "Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania"
60. Boston Massacre
60. mob rock-snowballs, March 5, 1770 killed five - propaganda
61. Gaspee Incident
61. colonists burn Gaspee ship (chasing smugglers) shoot lieutentant – ticks off Britain
62. Committees of Correspondence
62. talked with other colonies, propaganda to colonists
63. Tea Act
63. new tea taxes, to save East India Tea Company – tea actually cheaper
64. Boston Tea Party
64. Sons of Libery dump tea – unfair practices
65. Intolerable (Coercive) Acts
65. punish Boston – can’t trade, house soldiers, control gov’t, extended Quebec land
66. First Continental Congress
66. boycott British goods – all colonies but Georgia, talked about which taxes they’d accept
The boycott British goods was called The...
Suffolk Resolves
67. Second Continental Congress
67. met after Lexington/Concord – Washington head of Continental Army
68. Valley Forge
68. Washington’s men survive cold to fight again
69. Franco-American Alliance
69. Ben Franklin convinces France to help out – eventually Britain tires of fighting
70. Thomas Paine/Common Sense
70. pamphlets convinces it makes sense to break away
71. Declaration of Independence
71. Thomas Jefferson – list of grievances & says government should listen to people
72. Articles of Confederation
What are the 3 problems?
72. 1777 1st Constitution – failure – optional taxes, no strong executive, amendments required 100% agree
73. Treaty of Paris
73. ends Revolutionary war, grants territory to Mississippi
74. Land Ordinance of 1785
74. surveys and distributes land
75. Northwest Ordinance 1787
75. divide territory to Miss., 60,000 minimum pop
76. Shay’s Rebellion
76. poor farmers can’t pay taxes, block courthouse, fed. Gov’t takes forever to put down – shows weak
77. Constitutional Convention
77. 1787 – 55 delegates – alter then change Constitution – New Jersey vs. Virginia Plan, 3/5 slave, bicameral
78. Federalist Papers
78. Madison, Hamilton, Jay – anonymous articles of why nation needs strong Constitution
79. Judiciary Act of 1789
79. created federal courts
80. Hamilton’s report on public credit

What did it say?
What got passed?
What didn't?
80. assume state debts – Virginia annoyed – wins D.C.

addopted system of public credit and tariffs

plan to increase industrial growth - not adopted
81. Hamilton’s report on manufactures
81. America should be a nation of manufacturing/banking – differed from Jefferson
82. First Bank of the United States
82. battle between Jefferson/Hamilton – strict vs. implied
83. Bill of Rights
83. 1st 10 amendments – needed for states to ratify
84. Washington’s Neutrality Proclamation
84. stay out of France’s problems/war – U.S. still weak
85. Citizen Genet
85. French dude comes to American and illegally tries to recruit Americans
86. Jay’s Treaty
86. discusses trade w/ Britain, doesn’t punish for attacks. British agreed to leave some forts in the Northwest territory
87. Chisholm vs. Georgia
87. citizens one state can sue another state
88. Whiskey Rebellion
88. Penn farmers protest whiskey task, Washington sends in huge force, squashes them – president is tough
89. Pinckney’s Treaty
89. w/ Spain – Miss & Flor border – right to use New Orleans
90. Washington’s Farewell Address
90. warned “entangling alliances” & political parties
91. John Adams
91. key revolutionary, Boston, kept Wash’s cabinet
92. XYZ Affair
92. French diplomats try to bribe US ambassadors
93. Alien and Sedition Acts
93. expel foreigners, jail newspapers, hurt Dem. Repub
94. Virginia and Kentucky Resolves
94. Jefferson/Madison – states can ignore bad laws
95. Undeclared naval warfare with France
95. Napoleon stealing supplies – at war w/ Europe
96. Adam’s “midnight judges”
96. filled government positions w/ Federalists
97. Tripoli War
97. Stop bribes to Barbary pirates, Jeff. Uses navy
98. Marbury vs. Madison
98. Midnight judge Marbury sues – judicial review – Judiciary Act of 1789 illegal
99. John Marshall
99. Federalist – judicial review – power to Jefferson and Supreme Court (more importantly)
100. Lewis and Clark
100. 1803 explored/surveyed/claimed Louisiana Territory – led to westward expansion