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17 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
FRD's accomplishments
Who: Franklin Delano Roosevelt
What: highly regarded president
Where: U.S.
When: 1935-39
Why: Set Forth New Deal
H+Sig: was a great optimistic politician who helped restore american spirit
Some though FDR saved American from the Great Depression
Booker T. Washington
Who: black leader who dealt skillfully with whiteleaders
What: in charge of black ed. in Alabama
Where: Alabama
When 1890's
Why: platform was to give blacks economic independence
H+Sig: gave Atlanta compromise speech "five fingers" in 1895
began black independence movement
Brown vs. Topeka
Who: schoolgirl Linda Brown vs. Board of Education
What: ruled racial segregation in schools unconstitutional
Where: Supreme Court Topeka, Kansas
When:1954
Why: Supreme Court justice Earl Warren ruled that seperating children solely because of race geverates feelings of inferiority likely never to be undone
H+Sig: Over next several years supreme court used Brown vs. Topeka as precedence to overturn segreation laws
However school desegreation was still frustratingly slow
Reagonomics
Who: President Ronald Reagan
What: Reaganomics economic reform
Where: Nationwide
When: 1981-82
Why: "supply side economics" believed tax cuts would promote investment causing economic expansion
H+Sig: included tax cuts, de-regulation, defense buildup, budget cuts
Hypothetically should have worked by instead the Federal deficit ballooned drastically
W.E.B. Dubois
Who: a Harvad trained African-American sociologist
What: Black leadern wrote Souls Black Folks founded NAACP
Where: South
When: early 1900's
Why: beleived in educating the "talented tenth" to advance black people
H+Sig: disagreed w/ Booker T. Washington, his strategy relied on courts and political leverage
Impacts of frontier on the American Mind
Who: settlers of west
What: developed an idealistic American attitude about "novus ordo soclorum"
Where: settling western frontier
When: 1867-1900's
Why: were conviced that America was our land and were were going to shoot whoever disagreed with us
H+Sig: Dawes Severalty Act, kicked indans out of homeland, ran railroads and domesticated the "wild west"
Catapulted America Mind into a very conquering society, what we want we shall have, all in the justification that we are God's chosen people
Culture Wars 1963-69
Who: Minorities, Women, Anti-War Protestors
What: culture wars
Where: urban areas throughout U.S.
When: 1963-69
Why: society was progressing and minority groups began to stand up for themselves and expect more of democracy
H+Sig: womens liberation movement, anti-war protests, civil rights non-violent demonstrations
Catapulted U.S. into the liberal society we have today
Watergate
Who: Nixon Administration
What: Watergate Scandal
Where: Washington D.C.
When: early 1970's
Why: direct result of Nixon's ruthless political tactics and secretive style of governing
H+Sig: FBI illegally tapped phones, opened mail, and arranged break ins to obtain info from democratic headquarters
Really just 1 incident in a broader pattern of illigality and misuse of power that flourishe in Vietnam era
New Freedom
Who: Pres Woodrow Wilson
What: reform program called New Freedom
Where: u.s
When: 1912-presidency
Why: democrats were hungry for reform and developed a program to resolve the crisis of corporate power in america
H+Sig: Court enforcement of Sherman Act and relied heavily on Louis Brandeis his new advisor
It facilitated the expansion of gov't in America
Joseph McCarthy
Who: Joseph McCarthy senator from Wisconson
What: fueled anti-communism
Where: U.S. citizens and government
When: late 40's early 50's
Why: used anti communism platform to boost his political fortune
H+Sig: used smear tactics and innuendos had a list of "205 known communists within gov't" evetually overreached himself and was censured by the Senate
Stirred widespread public fears and alarm at his assult on American Liberty
Culture Wars of 1920's
Who: urban & country, races, immigrants, rich & poor
What: prohibition, immigration restriction, urband and country polarity
Where: cities and country
When: 1920's
Why: fear and resistance to change, ambivilance about modernity
H+Sig: Immigration Restriction, Rise of Nativism, New Klan, Religious fundamentalism
Was first U.S. break from the "norm" and break with tradition
Rosa Parks & Montgomery Bus Boycott
Who:
What: non-violent protest on bus
Where: Montgomery, AL
When: 1955
Why: court victories like Brown vs. Topeka were not enough to overthrow segregation in South
H+Sig: strategy of non-violent protest was formed, bus boycott lasted over 300 days
Catapulted Martin Luther King Jr. to national prominence in the civil rights movement
Containment
Who: George Kennenn, Soviet Union Scholar
What: containment of communism
Where: U.S. gov't
When: 1946 & 47
Why: to stop Soviet expansionism, and initiate a global fightagainst communism
H+Sig: included gov't programs Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan, and NATO
Justified the creation of a peacetime military machine
Obscured other American foreign policy objectives
The Great Society
Who: Lyndon B. Johnson
What: Great Society
Where: America
When: 1964
Why: Used his energy and genius w/ legislative experience to pass government programs
H+Sig: Legislation covering Civil Rights, Education, Social Welfare, Housing and Urban Development, Environment
The Great Society raised unprecendented expectations for social change. It wasn't extrodinarily successful due to the escalation of the V.N. war that siphoned $ from domestic programs
Henry W. Grady
Who:
What: editor of Atlanta Constitution and led influential group of publicists for direction of New South
Where: Atlanta, Georgia
When: 1900's post civil war
Why: Old South was lagging behin economically to the North
H+Sig: vowed to make "practical wisdom of business" the credo of the New South
Despite efforts south still lagged behind because the North was more technologically advanced
Betty Friedan
Who:
What: author of The Feminine Mystique
Where: homes of american housewives
When: 1963
Why: wrote about the frustration and depression many women felt by the narrowly prescribed gender roles of the 50's
H+Sig: Friedan spoke from personal experience and was welcomed enthusiastically by women
However, with the absence of an active womens rights movement women still coped alone, however it became the seedling for the feminist movement of the 70's
G.I. Bill of Rights
Who: Roosevelt
What: GI Bill of Rights
Where: America
When: 1944
Why: it was part of Roosevelts promises for social welfare measures
H+Sig: provided education, job training, medical care, pensions, and mortages
Successful in stimulation the economy by absorbing veterans back into the workforce. Also increased the white collar ranks with the increased access to college education