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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The current effort to scale back the size and activities of the national government and to shift responsibility for a wide range of domestic programs from Washington to the states.
Grants of money form the federal government to states for programs in certain general areas rather than for specific kinds of programs.
block grants
A political system in which ultimate authority is shared between a central government and state or regional governments.
Supreme or ultimate authority; a sovereign government is one that is legally and politically independent of any other government.
A system in which sovereignty is wholly in the hands of the national governmnet so that subnational political units are dependent on its will.
Unitary System
A political system in which states or regional governments retain ultimate authority except for those powers that they expressly delegate to a central government.
confederation or confederal system
A system in which sovereignty is shared so that on some matters the national government is supreme and on others the state, regional, or provincial governments are supreme.
federal system
A political system in which local units of government have a specially protected existence and can make final decisions over some governmental activities.
federal regime
The final paragraph of Article I, section 8, of the constitution, with authorizes Congress to pass all laws "necessay and proper" to carry out the enumerated powers.
"necessary and proper" clause
A theory first advanced by James Madison and Thomas Jefferson that the states had the right to declare null and void a federal law that in the states opinion violated the constitution.
A constitutional theory that the national government and the state governments each have defined areas of authority; especially over commerce.
Dual Federalism
A municipal corporation or minicipality that has been chartered by a state to exercise certain defined powers and provide certain specific services.
A legal term for a city. It is chartered by the state to exercise certain powers and provide certain services.
municipal corporation or municipality
A charter that denies the power of a certain named city and lists what the city cn and cannot do.
special-act charter
A charter that applies to a number of cities that fall within a certain classification, usually case on city population.
general-act charter
A legal principle that holds that the terms of city charters are to be interpreted narrowly.
Dillion's Rule
A charter that allows the city government to do anything that is not prohibited by the charter or by state law.
home-rule charter
A law passed and enforced by a city government.
The largest territorial unit between a city and a town.
A local or regional government with responsibility for some single function sush as administering schools, handling sewage, or managing airports.
special-district government or authoriy
A special-district government responsible for administiring public schools.
school district
The power of a state to promote health, safety, and morals.
police power
A procedure allowing voters to submit a proposed law to a popular vote by obtaining a required number of signitures.
The practive of submitting a law to a popular vote at election time.
A procedure, in effect in over twenty states, whereby the voters can vote to remove an elected official from office.
Federal funds provided to states and localities.
Federal grants for specific purposes defined by federal law.
categorical grant
A law providing for the distribution of a fixed amount or share of federal tax revenues to the states for spending on almose any governmental purposes.
revenue sharing
Federal rules attatched to the grants that states receive. States must aggree to abide by these rules in order to recieve grants.
conditions of aid
Rules imposed by the federal government on the states as conditions for obtaining federal grants or requirements that the states pay the costs of certain nationally defined programs.
The flow of power and responsibility from states to local governments.
second-order devolution
The use of nongovernmental orginizations to implement public poicy.
third-order devolution