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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Based on nature and Providence rather than on he preferences of people.
A constitution drafted by the newly independent states in 1777 and ratified in 1781. It created a weak national government that could not levy taxes or regulate commerce.
Articles of Confederation
A meeting of delegates in 1787 to revise the Articles of Confederation, which produced a totally new constitution still in use today.
Constitutional Convention
A rebellion in 1787 led by Daniel Shays and other ex-Revolutionary War soldiers and offeicers to prevent foreclosures on farms as a result of the high interest rates and taxes. The revolt highlighted the weaknesses of the Confederation and bolstered support for a stronger national government.
Shays' Rebellion
A compromise at the Constitutional Convention in 1787 tjat reconciled the interests of small and large states by allowing the former to predominate in the Senate and the latter in the House.
Great Compromise
A form of democracy in which power in vested in representatives selected by means of popular competitive elections.
The power of the courts to declare acts of the legislature and of the executive to be unconstitutional and hence null and void.
Judicial Review
The power of the legislature, executive, and judicial branches of government to black sme acts by the other two branches.
Checks and Balances
A political system in which ultimate authority is shared between a central government and state or regional governments.
A principle of American government whereby constitutional authority is shared by three seperate branches of government.
Seperation of Powers
According to James Madison, a group of people who seek to influence public policy in way contrary to the public good.
Supporters of a stronger central government who advocated ratification of the Constitution. After ratification they founded a political party supporting a strong executive and Alexander Hamilton's economic policies.
Opponents of a strong central government who campaigned against the ratification of the Constitution in favor of a confederation of largely independent states. Successfully marshaled public support for a federal bill of rights. After ratification, they formed a political party to support states' rights.
A series of 85 essays written by Hamilton, Madison, and Jay trying to convinve the state of New York to adopt the Constitution.
Federalist Papers
An alliance among different interest groups or parties to acheive some political goal.
A court order directing a police officer, sheriff, or warden who has a person in custody to bring the prisoner before a judge and show sufficient cause for his or her detention.
Writ of habeas corpus
A law that declares that a person, without a trial, to by guilt of a crime. The state legislatures and Congress are forbidden to pass such acts by Article 1.
Bill of attainder
A law that makes criminal an act that was legal when it has been committer, that increases the penalty for a crime after it has been committed, or that changes the rules of evidence to make conviction easier, a retroactive criminal law.
Ex Post Facto Law
A list of individual rights and liberties, such as freedom of speech, religion, and the press.
Bill of Rights
Changes in, or additions to the Constitution.
The power of an executive to veto some provisions in an appropriations bill while approving others. The president does not have this power.
Line-item Veto