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12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Diplomatic History
-Taught by Historians
-Relations between governments
-Pure History (at least 25yrs)
International Relations
-Taught by Political Scientists
-Relations between organizations and institutions
-Recent/current events
Second Continental Congress
The Second Continental Congress was a body of representatives appointed by the legislatures of thirteen British North American colonies which met from May 10, 1775, to March 1, 1781. It was the body which adopted the Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation. During the American Revolution, it acted as the de facto national government of the United States by raising armies, directing strategy, appointing diplomats, and making formal treaties.
Silas Deane
-Appointed by the SCC
-Sent to France to obtain military and financial aid
-Successful. Secures some military aid and the French give American privateers access to French ports.
-Unable to get France to recognize American independence
Benjamin Franklin
-Master diplomat, the US was lucky to have him
-LOVED by the French
-Ultimately gets the French to support American independence
-Primary aid to the US during the revolution
-Enemy of GB
-Financial and Military aid
Richard Oswald
-GBs diplomat that was to meet with Franklin (old friends)
-GB has financial issues, peace is necessary. Admits weakness
-Initiates the beginning of civil negotiation
Treaty of Paris, 1783
-GB recognizes US independence
-US gains right to fish in the NorthEast
-US was to pay debts to British (5 million pounds)
-Loyalist property should be returned
-Western boundaries extended
-Free navigation of the Mississippi for GB and US
Violations of the Treaty of Paris
-AoC unable to force collection of debt
-Persecution of Loyalists continued
-GB didn't abandon forts
Barbary States
-Algiers, Tunis, Tripoli, and Morocco
-African pirate states that preyed on US ships
-Collected protection money from nations for income
-US paid 10,000 for protection
Proclamation of Neutrality, 1793
-Establishes early precedent of neutrality
-George Washington
John Jay
-Represented the US in Spain
-Suspicious and skeptical of French loyalty
-Opens secret negotiations w/ GB