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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
relating to marine shipping or navigation
original jurisdiction
court has authority to be the first court to hear a case
appellate jurisdiction
court hears cases that have been appealed from lower courts
treason defined in article III
treason in united states shall only consist oin levying war against U.S., or helping their enemies
restrictions put on convictions for treason
two witnesses in court must be present in order to testify that a treasonable act was committed
types of cases does Supreme Court have original jurisdicition
Cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls
body is allowed to establish courts inferior to Supreme Court
check that give Congress over Supreme Court
Congress can tell Supreme Court to hear a case [appellate jurisdiction]

Congress is given the power to determine the punishment for treason
importance of marbury v.s. madison
-judicial branch became more powerful
-has power to declare laws unconstitutional
who are federal judges appointed by? approved by?
appointed by president
approved by senate
How long do federal judges hold office? How can they be removed?
-Hold office for life
-May be only removed by impeachment
Who is the Chief Justice today?
John Roberts
How many associate justices are there on Supreme Court?
Are there qualifications for federal judges in the Constitution?
How are Supreme Court cases decided?
simple majority
What is meant when it is said that a law is "unconstitutional"?
it goes beyond the powers granted by the constitution
What is the job of the Court of Appeals?
-Determines if a person was granted his/her full elgal rights during their trial
What happens if the Court of Appeals finds that justice was not done?
The case is sent back to the district court for a new trial
What is a precedent?
An earlier decision in a particular case
What is a subpoena?
A court order requiring a person to witness in court
6 important parts of the right to a fair trial
Right to have a lawyer
Right to be released by bail
Right to be indicted by a grand jury
Right to a jury trial
Assume innocent until proven guilty
Right to an appeal
What are the three basic principles that Chief Justice John Marshall established?
-Judicial review: Supreme court can declare a law passed by Congress to be unconstitutional
-Laws passed by state legislatures can be declared by the U.S. Supreme Court
-US Supreme Court can reverse the decisions of the state courts
How can a law declared unconstitutional be made constitutional?
-Change law to fit US Constituion
-Change constitution by amendment
Who presides over Supreme Court?
chief justice
length of Supreme Court justice's term in office
Until he/she dies or chooses to retire
judicial review
right to declare laws unconstitutional
why marbury vs madison important
Supreme Court defined its right to judicial review
What act of Congress was interpreted by Supreme Court in this case? Why is this act important?
-Judiciary Act was interpreted by Supreme Court
-Act created the judicial branch of government
One check Supreme Court has over legislative branch
Declare laws unconstitutional
One check Supreme Court has over the legislative branch
Supreme Court can declare laws unconstitutional
First chief justice of Supreme Court
John Jay
First woman appointed to Supreme Court
Sandra Day O'Connor
How justices are chosen
Nominated by president, confirmed by Senate
How many justices serve on the Supreme Court? How many originally?
Now nine, originally six
Who determines the number of justices on the Supreme Court?
What change in Supreme Court did Franklin Roosevelt propose?
-Proposed that the president can appoint one, new additional justice for every justice who reached the age of 70, but did not retire, until the court reached a number of 15 judges