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34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
James Madison
"Father of the Constitution"
primary author of the US Constitution
From a wealthy family
Slave holder
marries a 26 year old woman at the age of 43
The authority of the people to rule. The electoral college messes this up a bit. This is why voting is important
usually an act of congress
supporters of the Constitution
Articles of the Confederation
A set of laws written in 1776 and approved in 1781. It was a firm league of friendship among the states. They did not have the power to tax or enforce laws.
Bad things about the articles of the Confederation:
1. There was only one vote for each state regardless of the size.
2. The government could not make the states or people pay taxes.
3. Congress was powerless to regulate foreign and interstate commerce.
4. There was no separate executive branch to enforce acts of Congress.
5. There was no national court system to interpret laws.
6. There could only be an amendment if all the states agreed.
7. 9/13 majorities required to pass laws.
8. And the articles were only a “firm league of friendship.”
a change
boston tea party
1773, americans throw tea cargo overboard british ships
First Continental Congress
1774 meeting; petition the king to fix their grivences but he doesn't agree
Where did the fighting of the American Revolution start? When?
Lexington and Concord
Common Sence
Thomas Paine
inspired armies who were ready to quit to keep on going. Could be understood by everyone
Declaration of Independence
Penned by Thomas Jefferson. July 4, 1776. When we declared our independence from the british
1777, GW wins by conquering in the forest and things like that
Army dibands
British commander, was put into seige by GW
Ben Franklin
is in France to get foreign aide
Alexander Hamilton
genius, gets involved in the army, becomes a general
making money off of the war
Benadict Arnold
brilliant young officer
greatest tratior
American Advantages
- Homeland
- french and other foreign aide
- leadership (GW + Fanklin)
- Determination
- Homeland style of fighting
- better guns
- fine riffels
British Advantages
- Greatest Navy
- Good Army (lots of experience)
- Wealthy
- Knew America
- Had Canada as a base
- Determination
GW dies
break down of sides in America
1/3 Loyalist
1/3 Patriot
1/3 neutral
someone who fights for money
7 years war
aka French and Indian War
Proclamation Line
1763, can't go beyond the Appalachien Mountains
Stamp Act
1765 taxes lawyers and newspaper men
Declaratory Act
the British say that they have complete authority over the British
those who were opposed to the Constitution
Bill of Rights
Dec 1791
ten amendments intennded to protect individuals' rights
a government in which the sumpreme power rests with the people
group of federal leaders
term in office