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102 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Battle of Antietam
In Maryland during the Civil War
Bank of the United States
Alexander Hamilton
Brown vs. Board of Edu of Topeka
"seperate but equal" is unconstitutional
Boxer Rebellion
Chinese Nationalist protest against American commercial domination
Limited freedoms of speech and press during undeclared war with France in 1798
Alien and Sedition Acts
Founded in 1833 by Arthur and Lewis Tappan, and Theodore Weld
American Anti-Slavery Society
Encouraged colonization of free blacks to Africa in 1816
American Colonization Society
Seige in the Texas war for independence in 1836. Davy crocket n Jim bowie die.
Batlle of the Alamo
A program of internal movements and protective tariffs promoted by Henry Clay in 1824
American System
One of the bloodiest battle of the civil war in Maryland
Battle of Antietam
those who opposed the constitution as a limitation on individual and states' rights
site of surrender of confederate general Robert E. Lee to the Union general U.S. Grant marking the end of the civil war
Appommattox Court House, VA
Revolt in 1676 against Virginian administration who failed to protect settlers from invading indians
Bacons Rebellion
Proposed by A. Hamilton to issue a uniform currency, make business loans, and collect tax monies in 1791
Bank of the United States
Laws that restricted the rights of formal slaves
Black Codes
Nickname for the violence between pro- and anitslavery settlers in Kansas in 1856
"Bleeding Kansas"
Clash between British soldiers and a Boston mob in 1770
Boston Massacre
the dumping of tea by the sons of liberty to protest the tea act
Boston tea party
chinese protest against western domination and cultural influence in 1900
Boxer rebellion
First land engagements of the civil war in VA
Battles of Bull Run
First major battle of the revolutionary war in MA
Battle of Bunker Hill
scheme to lead secession of the lousianna territory from the U.S.
Burr conspiracy
norther republicans of the reconstruction south
union victory in Tennessee that gave north control of important railways
Battle of Chancerllorsville
Act that guaranteed rights of citizenship to freedmen
Civil Rights Act of 1866
A reaction to the Boston Tea party that forced payment for the tea and forced british quartering in private homes
Coercive/Intolerable Acts
Compromise mediated by Henry Clay that included a stronger fugitive slave law
Compromise of 1850
Compromise that granted Rutherford B. Hayes presidency in exchange for the withdrawal of federal troops from the South, marking the end of reconstruction
Compromise of 1877
Meeting in Philadelphia to revise the Articles of Confederation in 1787
Constitutional Convention
Army commanded by General George Washington to fight the British
Continental Army
Representatives that formulated actions against British policies
Continental Congress
Northerners who opposed the Civil War
Document adopted on July 4, 1776, that granted independence from Britain. Written by T. Jefferson
Declaration of Independence
Court Decision that ruled out slaves ability to sue for freedom because it would violate the rights of slaveholders in 5th amendment
Dred Scot vs. Sandford
A proclamation of Abe Lincoln that freed the slaves in 1863.
Emancipation Proclamation
An attempt to exert economic pressure in reaction to British impressment of American Sailors
Embargo Act of 1807
Collection of 85 essays written in support of the Constitution by A. Hamilton, J. Madison, and J. Jay
The Federalist
party that favored a strong central government
Federalist party
Fort bombarded by the British in 1814; francis scott key wrote the star spangled banner here
Fort McHenry
First battle of the Civil War where the federal fort was captured by the confederates
Fort Sumpter
This Amendment guranteed the rights of citizenship to former slaves
Fourteenth Amendment
AKA the seven years war between England and France for control over North America East of the Miss. River
French and Indian War
This Act gave federal authority, in cases involving runaway slaves, so much more prejudiced in favor of slaveholders.
Fugitive Slave Act of 1850
A Protestant movement that proclaimed the literal truth of the bible
The buying of land from Mexico for the Southern Pacific Railroads transcontinental route
Gadsden Purchase
A confederate defeat that ended the South's chances in the Civil War
Battle of Gettysburg
Period from the end of the Civil war to the turn of the Century; also a book written by Mark Twain
The Gilded Age
An educational and social organizational movement for farmers that lobbied for governmental control of railroad and grain elevator rates
Granger Movement
Religious revival movement in 1720's- 1740's by John Edwards and George Whitefield
Great Awakening
Mediated the differences between New Jersey and Virginia delegations by providing for a bicameral legislature: the upper house have equal representation; the lower house appointed by population
Great Compromise(Connecticut Compromise)
This party favored issuance of unsecured paper money to help farmers repay debts
Greenback party
Meeting of New England Federalists to protest the War of 1812; proposed seven amendments that were left untouched due to the ending of the war
Hartford Convention
This act authorized Congress to grant 160 acres of public land to a western settler, who had only to live on the land for 5 years to gain title
Homestead Act
This act sought to stablize the economy by preventing state banks from printing unsecured paper currency and establishing an independent treasury based on specie
Independent Treasury Act
Treaty with Britain that got Britain to agree to vacate forts in the Northwest territories and disagreements(prewar debts, shipping claims) would be settled by commission
Jay's Treaty
Act that allowed newly organized territories north of Missouri to decide the slavery issue for themselves.
Kansas-Nebraska Act
Was passed in response to the Alien n Sed. Acts and held that states could nullify an act of Congress if they deemed it unconstitutional.
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
First of 4 colonial wars between England and France
King Williams War
Turning point of the Revolutionary War in the South
Battle of Kings Mountain
Nativist, anti-catholic third party in reaction to large scale immigration of Irish and Germans
Know-Nothing party
Divided Northwest territory into 36 sections
Land Ordinance of 1785
Helped U.S. pay for Civil war by authorizing the printing of paper currency
Legal Tender Act(1862)
The first shots fired in the Rev. War near Boston
Battle of Lexington and Concord
Campaign debates in 1858 that focused on issue of slavery
Lincoln-Douglas Debates
Jefferson's purchase in 1803 from France that doubled the territory of the U.S.
Louisiana Purchase
A movement in 1826 that promoted adult public education through lectures and performances
Lyceum movement
First court decision to declare a federal law unconstitutional
Marbury vs. Madison(1803)
Court decision in which John Marshall supported the federal gov. vs. the states holding that Md. couldn't tax the Second bank of the U.S.
McCulloch vs. Maryland(1819)
War for control of Cali. and New Mexico from 1846-1848
Mexican War
This act established military governments in 10 confederate states and permitted freedmen to vote
Military Reconstruction Act
Deal proposed by Henry Clay to resolve the slave/free imbalance in Congress that resulted in Missouri's admission as a slave state; Maine's admission as a free state offset Missouri so slavery was prohibited in the remainder of the Lousianna territory north of Southern border of Misso.
Missouri Compromise
Declared that the American continents would be closed to colonization but that the U.S. would honor existing colonies of European nations in 1823
Monroe Doctrine
Was passed by English parliament to control colonial trade and boost the mercantile system in 1650
Navigation Acts
This created the Northwest territory, established conditions for self-government, included the bill of rights, and permanently prohibited slavery
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
concept of invalidation of a federal law within the borders of the state
A memorandum recommending the seizure of Cuba to increase slave holding territory in the U.S.
Ostend Manifesto
Was signed in 1783 to end the Rev. War and recognized American Independence from Britain, also established the border between Canada and the U.S.
Peace of paris
Treaty with Spain in 1795 that established bounderies at the Miss. river and allowed open transportation on the Miss.
Pickney's Treaty
Allowed settlers to decide slavery issue for themselves
popular sovereignty
Act that required colonies to house and provision British troops
Quartering Act(1765)
The party organized in 1854 by antislavery Whigs, Democrats, and free soilers in response to the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act
Republican party
Southern white republicans who served in reconstruction governments
a storming of 1200 men seeking debt relief through issuance of paper currency and lower taxes in the winter of 1787
Shay's Rebellion
The bloodiest battle in American history in 1862, U. S. Grant was removed from command
Battle of Shiloh
Secret Organizations formed by Sam Adams, John Hancock, and others in response to the Stamp Act
Sons of Liberty
A system of filling federal government jobs with persons loyal to the party of the president; originated in A. Jackson's first term
Spoils System
An act in 1765 that placed a tax on all colonial printed matter, documents, dice, and playing cards
Stamp Act
Co. founded in 1870 by John D. Rockefeller that grew to be first industry-dominating trust
Standard Oil Company
Tax on refined sugar and other colonial products to raise revenue for Britain
Sugar Act
A federal tax on imported goods
In 1867, this act stated that the president needed the Senates approval to remove any official; Andrew Johnson's violation of the law led to the radical republicans retaliation with his impeachment
Tenure of Office Act
An act passed by the British to punish the New York Assembly for failing to house soldiers, taxed tea and other commodities
Townshend Acts
Virginia and New Jersey Plans
Virginia's plan called for a strong central government and a two house legislature apportioned by population; New Jersey wanted one legislative body with equal representation for each state
A plan for reconstruction that required loyalty oaths, abolition of slavery, repudiation of war debts, and denial of political rights to high ranking Confederate officials; Lincoln refused to sign this bill
Wade Davis Bill
War fought with Britain over lingering conflicts that included impressment of American sailors, interference with shipping, and collusion with Northwest territory Indians.
War of 1812
A party united to oppose President Andrew Jackson in 1834; favored federal responsibility for internal improvements
Whig party
A violent protest by Penn farmers against tax on corn whiskey in 1794
Whiskey Rebellion
A proposal to prohibit slavery in any land acquired in the Mexican war
Wilmot Proviso
Three French agents demanded payments in order to stop the plundering of American ships in 1797; the refusal to pay the bribe led to two years of war at sea with France
XYZ Affair
The illegal sale of the Yazoo lands(present day Alabama and Miss) by Georgia legislators, was settled by the court in fletcher vs. peck(1810)
Yazoo Fraud
The last battle of the Rev. war where General Cornwallis along with 7,000 British troops surrendered.
Battle of Yorktown
The treaty that ended the war of 1812.
Treaty of Ghent(1814)