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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a clinical syndrome that results from a sudden and significant decrease in filtaration through the glomeruli leading to the accumulation of salt, water, and nitrogenous wastes within the body
acute renal failure
the retention of excessive amounts of nitrogenous compounds in the blood
a progressive irreversible systemic desease caused by kidney dysfuntion that leads to abnormalities in blood couts and blood chemistry levels
chronic renal failure
a technique used to normalize blood chemistry in patients with acute or chronic renal failure and to remove blood toxins in some patients who have taken a drug overdose
a group of neurological findings that sometimes occur during or immediately after dialysis thought to result from a disproportionate decrease in osmolality of the extracellular fluid compared with that of the intracellular compartment in the brain or cerebral spinal fluid
disequilibrium syndrome
an inflammation of the epididymis a tubular section of the male reproductive system that carries sperm from the testicle to the seminal vesicles
a dialysis pocedure that uses the peritoneum as a diffusible membrane performed to correct an imbalance of fluid or electrolytes in the blood or to remove toxins drugs or other wastes normally excreted by the kidney
peritoneal dialysis
an inflammation of the kidney parenchyma associated with microbial infection
a condition in which a testicle twists on its spermatic cord, dirupting its own blood supply
testicular torsion
the presence of excessive amounts of urea and other nitrogenous wastes produced in the blood
the inability to urinate
urinary retention
the urinary system removes waste products from what?
stones that originate in the kidney
Urinary calculi
renal failure can be classified as
acute or chronic
technique used to normalize blood chemistry
The signs and symptoms of urinary retention are painful unless caused by:
CNS dysfunction
Urinary tract infections usually develop first in the:
The pain associated with a kidney stone is described as:
Excruciating pain
Epididymitis typically results from:
Sexually transmitted diseases
Unlike epididymitis, testicular torsion:
Is a true urological emergency
Analgesia for genitourinary pain is generally:
Avoided, so that pain will not be masked during the physician’s evaluation
The renal failure that results from inadequate perfusion of the kidneys is termed:
Prerenal failure
One advantage of peritoneal dialysis over hemodialysis is that peritoneal dialysis:
Does not require chronic vascular access
What is the treatment for the most common ischemic rhythm disturbances that occur during dialysis?
. Mild symptoms of headache, restlessness, nausea, and fatigue occurring after dialysis are termed:
Disequilibrium syndrome