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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Stone;Concentration of mineral salts
Cuplike division of renal pelvix
Tube/catheter through urethra into bladder to evacuate urine
Science of structure & function or Kidney
Structural & functional unit of Kidney
Nipplelike protuberance
Pertaining to the Kidney
Triangular area at base of bladder
Urinary tract in both sexes, Genital tract of male
List Function of Urinary system
Manufactures & Excretes Urine
Bilters blood
Helps regulate water, electrolye & acid/alkaline balance
Influences blood pressure
What size are the kidneys
2 1/2 by 4 1/2 inches

The ureters are 10-12 inches long and 1/4 inch in diameter
List 5 functions of the Kidneys
Secrete/manufacture urine
Excrete urine
Influence blood pressure
Regulate blood fluid, salt concentration, osmotic pressure of extracellular fluid, electrolyte, & Ph
Extract toxins
List the flow of fluid through a cortical nephron
Glomerular (Bowman's) capsule
Proximal convoluted tubule
Descending limb of loop of Henle
Ascending limb of loop of Henle
Distal convoluted tubule (drains into collecting duct)
What is the volume of normal urine excretion?
One to 2 liters in 24 hours
What is normal urine color?
Yellow or amber.
Color in urine is due to what?
UROCHROME, the pigment from breakdown of bile and
UROBILIN, from breakdown of hemoglobin
Concentration makes it darker
Define Turbidity
Transparent when freshly voided, becomes cloudy/turbid upon standing
What is the normal odor of urine?
Becomes ammonia-like upon standing.
What is odor of diabetic urine?
Fruity odor due to ketone bodies
What is normal Ph or urine?
Between 4.6 and 8.0, average 6.0
What is the specific gravity of urine?
1.001 to 1.035

The higher the concentration of solutes, the higher the specific gravity