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22 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Calculus
Stone;Concentration of mineral salts
Calyx
Cuplike division of renal pelvix
Catheterization
Tube/catheter through urethra into bladder to evacuate urine
Nephrology
Science of structure & function or Kidney
Nephrology
Structural & functional unit of Kidney
Papilla
Nipplelike protuberance
Renal
Pertaining to the Kidney
Trigone
Triangular area at base of bladder
Urology
Urinary tract in both sexes, Genital tract of male
List Function of Urinary system
Manufactures & Excretes Urine
Bilters blood
Helps regulate water, electrolye & acid/alkaline balance
Influences blood pressure
What size are the kidneys
2 1/2 by 4 1/2 inches
T/F

The ureters are 10-12 inches long and 1/4 inch in diameter
True
List 5 functions of the Kidneys
Secrete/manufacture urine
Excrete urine
Influence blood pressure
Regulate blood fluid, salt concentration, osmotic pressure of extracellular fluid, electrolyte, & Ph
Extract toxins
List the flow of fluid through a cortical nephron
Glomerular (Bowman's) capsule
Proximal convoluted tubule
Descending limb of loop of Henle
Ascending limb of loop of Henle
Distal convoluted tubule (drains into collecting duct)
What is the volume of normal urine excretion?
One to 2 liters in 24 hours
What is normal urine color?
Yellow or amber.
Color in urine is due to what?
UROCHROME, the pigment from breakdown of bile and
UROBILIN, from breakdown of hemoglobin
Concentration makes it darker
Define Turbidity
Transparent when freshly voided, becomes cloudy/turbid upon standing
What is the normal odor of urine?
Becomes ammonia-like upon standing.
What is odor of diabetic urine?
Fruity odor due to ketone bodies
What is normal Ph or urine?
Between 4.6 and 8.0, average 6.0
What is the specific gravity of urine?
1.001 to 1.035

The higher the concentration of solutes, the higher the specific gravity