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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
cyst/o
urinary bladder
nephr/o
kidney
pyel/o
renal pelvis
nephroptosis
drooping kidney
nephrotomy
incision into a kidney
ureterectasis
ureter dilation
urethrostenosis
narrowing of the urethra
oliguria
condition of scanty amount of urine
azotemia
accumulation of nitrogenous waste in bloodstream. occurs when kidney fails to filter these from blood
enuresis
involuntary discharge of urine after the age by which bladder control should have been established
renal colic
pain caused by a kidney stone
stricture
narrowing of a passageway in the urinary system
acute tubular necrosis
damage to the renal tubules due to presence of toxins in the urine or to ischemia. results in oliguria
diabetic nephropathy
accumulation of damage to the glomerulus capillaries due to the chronic high blood sugars of diabetes mellitus
hydronephrosis
distention of the renal pelvis due to urine collecting in the kidney; often a result of the obstruction of ureter
Wilm's tumor
Malignant kidney tumor found most often in children
bladder neck obstruction
blockage of the bladder outlet. Often by an enlarged prostate in males
cystocele
hernia or protrusion of the urinary bladder into the wall of the vagina
interstitial cystitis
inflammation and irritation of the bladder. Most common in middle-aged women
neurogenic bladder
loss of nervous control that leads to retention; may be caused by spinal cord injury or MS
blood urea nitrogen
measures kidney function by the level of nitrogenous waste (urea) in the blood
creatinine clearance
test of kidney function. creatinine is waste product cleared from blood by kidney. Urine collected for 24 hours and creatinine levels are compared with blood levels
excretory urography
injecting dye into the bloodstream and then taking an x-ray to trace the action of the kidney as it excretes the dye
retrograde pyelogram
diagnostic x-ray in which dye is inserted through the urethra to outline the bladder, ureters, and renal pelvis
voiding cystourethrography
x-ray taken to visualize the urethra while the patient is voiding after a contrast dye has been placed in the bladder
cystoscopy
visual exam of bladder using a cystoscope
extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy
uses ultrasound waves to break up stones
peritoneal dialysis
removal of toxic waste substances from the body by placing warm chemically balanced solutions into the peritoneal cavity. Wastes are filtered out of the blood across the peritoneum.
meatotomy
incision into the meatus in order to enlarge the opening of the urethra
nephrolithotomy
surgical incision to directly remove stones from the kidney