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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Organs of urinary System
Kidneys, Ureters, Urinary bladder, and urethra
Functions of the kidneys
Produce erythropoietin
Remove wastes from blood
Regulate pH, volume of body fluids,BP, absorption of vitamin D.
Location of kidneys
retroperitoneal (behind the parietal peritoneum)
Renal pelvis
Funnel-shaped structure to which attaches the superior end of the ureters
Inner medulla
contains concial masses called renal pyramids and renal columns, which separate the pyramids
Renal papillae
small projections that project into each minor calyx.
Outer cortex
made up of CT and thick, inner layer of nephrons. (most filtration/action takes place)
The renal arteries transport about ___% of the total cardiac output into kidneys.
Renal arteries branch into____ arteries, which pass between renal pyramids
Interlobular arteries branch into _____ arterioles.
What is the functional unit of the kidney?
The renal arteries supply the _______ and ______ capsule.
nephrons and Bowmans capsule
Venous blood is returned via the ________ arterioles.
From the efferent arterioles blood flows through the _______ veins to the renal veins.
Renal veins join the ___________.
inferior vena cava