Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/30

Click to flip

30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What 4 things does the kidneys regulate during homeostasis?
* blood volume
* " " composition
* removal of metabolic waste
* controls blood PH
* production of hormones
What is the structural and functional unit of the kidney?
nephron
What do the 2 million nephrtons of the Kidney's produce?
urine
Filtration reabsorbtion and secreation are the function of what in the Kidney?
nephron
Small molecules moving from the Glomerulus into the capsuleis called?
filtration
Filtration occurs across the?
filtration membrane
The filtration membrane is a very permiable?
capillary wall
What 2 thing are not filtered
RBCs

lg plasma protiens
Name 5 things that cross the filtration membrane?
*H20
*glucose
*sm. protiens/amino acids
*nitrogenous wastes
*Ions
What are the 2 nitrogenous wastes
urea
uric acid
Urea and uric acid come from the break down of what 2 diff. molecules respectively?
amino acids
nucleic acids
What 4 main ions cross the filtration membrane?
Na+
Cl-
K+
H+
What is the movement of the molecule from the nephron tubules back into the paritubular capillaries called?
reabsorbtion
What is reabsorbed?
H2O
glucose
small protiens
Ions
What 2 hormones control the reabsorbtion of water?
Aldosterone

Antidiuretic hormone
Aldosterone is produced by?

Antidiuretic hormone(ADH) is produced by?
Adrenal Cortex

Posterior Pituitary
Which hormone works by stimulating the reabsorbtion of the Na which causes water to fallow, for homeostasis effects?
Aldosterone
What hormone decreases urine volume by stimulating the reabsorbtion of water in the convoluted tubules making them more permiable to water
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
A decrease in water in the body increases what levels?
ADH
The movement of molecules from the peritubular capillaries into mainly the Lop of Henle and the Distal convoluted tubule is called ?
secreation
What ions are in the waste seceations from the cells of the peritubular capillaries?
H+
K+
Urine normal PH?
5-7.8
Urine normal output in pints?
3pints per day
What diuretics can increase urine volume?
medications
foods
caffine
What does an increase in body temp do to urine output?
deceases it
Emotions can do what to urinr production?
increase it
Kidneys detect O2 level and increase or decrease what hormone?
erythropoietin
Increased Erythropoietin increases?
Where?
RBC production in the red bone marrow and the spongy bone
What enzyme is produced by the juxtaglomerular apparatus located near the afferent arteriole and distal tubules?
renin
What does renin activate?
Renin Angiotensin pathway