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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What organs are part of the urinary system?
kidneys, bladder ureters, urethra
where are the kidneys located?
in retroperitoneal position in superior lumbar region, at T13 to L3
which kidney hangs lower and why?
the right kidney, because it's crowded by the liver
adipose capsule
fatty capsule that surrounds each kidney, holding it in place against the muscles of the trunk wall
where is the renal pelvis located?
continuous with the ureter leaving the hilus
cup-shaped areas that collect urine draining from medullary pyramids
triangular medullary pyramids
triangle-shaped areas in the renal medulla, seperated by renal columns
outer region of kidney
renal cortex
inner region of kidney
renal medulla
structural and functional unit of the kidney
knots of capillaries in the nephron
glomerulus (Bowman's capsule) and the peritubular capillary bed
highly modified, octopus-like cells that make up visceral layer of Bowman's capsule
regions of renal tubule
proximal convoluted tubule, loop of Henle, and distal convoluted tubule
____ nephrons are located in the cortex, while _____ nephrons are in the cortex-medulla junction.
Cortical, juxtamedullary
what are the three processes of urine formation?
filtration, reabsorption, and secretion
specific gravity
how much heavier than distilled water is a liquid
solutes in urine include:
urea, uric acid, sodium, potassium, creatinine, ammonia, and bicarbonate ions