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37 Cards in this Set

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Anuria
No urine voided, 24-hour urine output less than 100cc. Synonyms are complete kidney shutdown or renal failure.
Catheter
Tube for injecting or removing fluids.
Condom catheter
Tube for draining urine, which connects to a device applied externally to the penis with a collection bag.
Cystoscopy
Direct visceral examination of the bladder, ureteral orifices, and urethra with a cystoscope
Enuresis
Involuntary urination, most often refers to a child who involuntarily urinates during the night.
Foley catheter
Tube introduced into the bladder through the urethra for the purpose of withdrawing urine. Catheter has an inflatable balloon that holds it in place in the bladder. It is also referred to as an indwelling catheter.
Frequency
Increased incidence of voiding.
Functional incontinence
State in which an individual experiences an involuntary, unpredictable passage of urine.
Glycosuria
Presence of sugar in the urine.
Hematuria
Blood in the urine. If present in large enough quantities, urine may be bright red or reddish brown in color.
Hesitancy
Delay or difficulty in initiating voiding.
Hydrometer
Instrument used to determine specific gravity of urine.
Ileal conduit
Urinary diversion in which ureters are connected to the ileum with a stoma created on the abdominal wall.
Incontinence
Inability to voluntarily control the discharge of urine or feces.
Indwelling urethral catheter
Catheter that remains in place for continuous drainage; Foley catheter
Intravenous pyelogram (IVP)
X-ray examination of the kidneys and ureters after a contrast material is injected intravenously to determine the kidney's ability to excrete urine.
Irrigation
Flushing of a tube, canal, or area with solution.
Micturition
Process of emptying bladder; urination; voiding
Nocturia
Frequency of urination during the night.
Oliguria
Scanty or greatly diminished amount of urine voided in given time; 24-hour urine output is 100-400cc.
Orthostatic albuminuria
Albumin in the urine.
Pneumaturia
Air in the urine.
Polyuria
Excessive output of urine (diuresis)
Proteinuria
Albumin in the urine; indication of kidney disease.
Pyuria
Pus in the urine. Urine appears cloudy.
Reflex incontinence
State in which a person experiences an involuntary loss of urine, occurring at somewhat predictable intervals when a specific bladder volume is reached.
Residual urine
Urine that remains in the bladder after the act of micturition.
Retention
Inability to void although urine is produced by the kidney and enters the bladder; excessive storage of urine in the bladder.
Retrograde pyelogram
X-ray examination of the kidneys and ureters after a contrast material is injected into the renal pelvis through the ureter.
Stoma
Artificial opening for waste excretion located on the body surface.
Stress incontinence
State in which a person experiences a loss of urine of less than 50cc occurring with increased abdominal pressure.
Suprapubic catheter
Catheter inserted into the bladder through a small abdominal insertion above the pubic area.
Total incontinence
State in which a person experiences a continuous and unpredictable loss of urine.
Urination
Process of emptying the bladder; micturition; voiding.
Urge incontinence
State in which a person experiences involuntary passage of urine occurring soon after a strong sense of urgency to void.
Urgency
Strong desire to void.
Voiding
Process of emptying the bladder; micturition; urination.