Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/164

Click to flip

164 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Deltoid
origin
Spine of scapula, acromion, lateral clavicle
Deltoid
insertion
Deltoid tuberosity of humerus
Deltoid
innervation
Axillary nerve
Deltoid
action
Abduction, flexion, extension of arm
Pectoralis Major
origin
Clavicular head: medial clavicle
Sternocostal head: sternum, superior costal cartilages
Pectoralis Major
insertion
Intertubercular groove of humerus
Pectoralis Major
innervation
Medial/lateral pectoral nerves
Pectoralis Major
action
Flex, adduct, medially rotate arm
Pectoralis Minor
origin
Upper ribs
Pectoralis Minor
insertion
Coracoid process of scapula
Pectoralis Minor
innervation
Medial pectoral nerve
Pectoralis Minor
action
Stabilize scapula
Serratus Anterior
origin
Upper ribs
Serratus Anterior
insertion
Medial border of scapula
Serratus Anterior
innervation
Long thoracic nerve
Serratus Anterior
action
Upward rotation, protraction, stabilization of scapula
Supraspinatus- rotator cuff muscle
origin
Supraspinous fossa of scapula
Supraspinatus- rotator cuff muscle
insertion
Greater tubercle of humerus
Supraspinatus- rotator cuff muscle
innervation
Suprascapular nerve
Supraspinatus- rotator cuff muscle
action
Stabilize glenohumeral joint, abduct arm
Infraspinatus- rotator cuff muscle
origin
Infraspinous fossa of scapula
Infraspinatus- rotator cuff muscle
insertion
Greater tubercle of humerus
Infraspinatus- rotator cuff muscle
innervation
Suprascapular nerve
Infraspinatus- rotator cuff muscle
action
Stabilize glenohumeral joint, laterally rotate arm
Teres Minor- rotator cuff muscle
origin
Inferior lateral border of scapula
Teres Minor- rotator cuff muscle
insertion
Greater tubercle of humerus
Teres Minor- rotator cuff muscle
innervation
Axillary nerve
Teres Minor- rotator cuff muscle
action
Stabilize glenohumeral joint, laterally rotate arm
Subscapularis- rotator cuff muscle
origin
Subscapular fossa of scapula
Subscapularis- rotator cuff muscle
insertion
Lesser tubercle of humerus
Subscapularis- rotator cuff muscle
innervation
Upper, lower subscapular nerves
Subscapularis- rotator cuff muscle
action
Stabilize glenohumeral joint, medially rotate arm
Teres Major
origin
Inferior angle of scapula
Teres Major
insertion
Intertubercular groove of humerus
Teres Major
innervation
Lower subscapular nerve
Teres Major
action
Medial rotation/extension of arm
Coracobrachialis
origin
Coracoid process of scapula
Coracobrachialis
insertion
Mid-shaft of humerus
Coracobrachialis
innervation
Musculocutaneous nerve
Coracobrachialis
action
Flex, adduct arm
Biceps Brachii
origin
Long Head: supraglenoid tubercle of scapula
Short Head: coracoid process of scapula
Biceps Brachii
insertion
Radial tuberosity, bicipital aponeurosis
Biceps Brachii
innervation
Musculocutaneous nerve
Biceps Brachii
action
Supinate forearm, flex forearm (will act at GH joint as well)
Brachialis
origin
Mid-shaft of humerus
Brachialis
insertion
Ulnar tuberosity
Brachialis
innervation
Musculocutaneous nerve
Brachialis
action
Flex forearm
Palmaris Longus(PL)
origin
Medial epicondyle of humerus
Palmaris Longus(PL)
insertion
Palmar aponeurosis
Palmaris Longus(PL)
innervation
Median nerve
Palmaris Longus(PL)
action
Flex wrist
Pronator Teres(PT)
origin
Medial epicondyle of humerus, coronoid process of ulna
Pronator Teres(PT)
insertion
Mid-shaft of radius
Pronator Teres(PT)
innervation
Median nerve
Pronator Teres(PT)
action
Pronation
Flexor Carpi Radialis(FCR)
origin
Medial epicondyle of humerous
Flexor Carpi Radialis(FCR)
insertion
Base of metacarpals 2,3
Flexor Carpi Radialis(FCR)
innervation
Median nerve
Flexor Carpi Radialis(FCR)
action
Flex, abduct wrist
Flexor Digitorum Superficialis(FDS)
origin
Meidal epicondyle of humerus, coronoid process, shaft of radius
Flexor Digitorum Superficialis(FDS)
insertion
Middle Phalanges of digits 2-5
Flexor Digitorum Superficialis(FDS)
innervation
Median nerve
Flexor Digitorum Superficialis(FDS)
action
Flex IP joints of 2-5
Flexor Pollicis Longus(FPL)
origin
Radius, interosseus membrane
Flexor Pollicis Longus(FPL)
insertion
Distal phalanx of digit 1
Flexor Pollicis Longus(FPL)
innervation
Median nerve
Flexor Pollicis Longus(FPL)
action
Flex IP joint of pollex
Pronator Quadratus
origin
Distal ulna
Pronator Quadratus
insertion
Distal radius
Pronator Quadratus
innervation
Median nerve
Pronator Quadratus
action
Pronate forearm
Flexor Digitorum Profundus(FDP)
origin
Ulna, interosseus membrane
Flexor Digitorum Profundus(FDP)
insertion
Distal phalanges of digits 2-5
Flexor Digitorum Profundus(FDP)
innervation
Lateral 1/2: median nerve
Medial 1/2: ulnar nerve
Flexor Digitorum Profundus(FDP)
action
Flex DIP joints 2-5
Flexor Carpi Ulnaris(FCU)
origin
Meidal epicondyle of humerous, olecranon
Flexor Carpi Ulnaris(FCU)
insertion
Pisiform, base of metacarpal 5
Flexor Carpi Ulnaris(FCU)
innervation
Ulnar nerve
Flexor Carpi Ulnaris(FCU)
action
Flex, adduct wrist
Triceps Brachii
origin
Long head: infraglenoid tubercle of scapula
Medial head: posterior humerous
Lateral head: posterior humerus
Triceps Brachii
insertion
Olecranon process of ulna
Triceps Brachii
innervation
Radial nerve
Triceps Brachii
action
Extend forearm(can act at GH joint)
Anconeus
origin
Lateral epicondyle of humerus
Anconeus
insertion
Olecranon/proximal ulna
Anconeus
innervation
Radial nerve
Anconeus
action
Accessory extensor of forearm
Brachioradialis
origin
Lateral supraepicondylar ridge of humerus
Brachioradialis
insertion
Distal radius
Brachioradialis
innervation
Radial nerve
Brachioradialis
action
Flexes pronated forearm
Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus(ECRL)
origin
Lateral supraepicondylar ridge of humerus
Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus(ECRL)
insertion
Base of metacarpal 2
Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus(ECRL)
innervation
Radial nerve
Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus(ECRL)
action
Extend/abduct wrist
Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis(ECRB)
origin
Lateral epicondyle of humerus
Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis(ECRB)
insertion
Base of metacarpal 3
Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis(ECRB)
innervation
Radial nerve
Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis(ECRB)
action
Extend/abduct wrist
Extensor Digitorum(Includes Extensor digiti minimi)
origin
Lateral epicondyle of humerus
Extensor Digitorum(Includes Extensor digiti minimi)
insertion
Extensor hoods of digits 2-5
Extensor Digitorum(Includes Extensor digiti minimi)
innervation
Radial nerve
Extensor Digitorum(Includes Extensor digiti minimi)
action
Extends digits 2-5, wrist
Extensor Carpi Ulnaris(ECU)
origin
Lateral epicondyle of humerus, ulna
Extensor Carpi Ulnaris(ECU)
insertion
Base of metacarpal 5
Extensor Carpi Ulnaris(ECU)
innervation
Radial nerve
Extensor Carpi Ulnaris(ECU)
action
Extend, adduct wrist
Supinator
origin
Lateral epicondyle of humerus, ulna
Supinator
insertion
Radius
Supinator
innervation
Radial nerve
Supinator
action
Supinate
Abductor Pollicis Longus(APL)
origin
Ulna, radius, interosseus membrane
Abductor Pollicis Longus(APL)
insertion
Metacarpal 1
Abductor Pollicis Longus(APL)
innervation
Radial nerve
Abductor Pollicis Longus(APL)
action
Abduct pollex(thumb)
Extensor Pollicis Brevis(EPB)
origin
Radius, interosseus membrane
Extensor Pollicis Brevis(EPB)
action
Extend pollex
Extensor Pollicis Brevis(EPB)
insertion
Proximal phalanx of pollex
Extensor Pollicis Brevis(EPB)
innervation
Radial nerve
Extensor Pollicis Longus(EPL)
origin
Ulna, interosseus membrane
Extensor Pollicis Longus(EPL)
insertion
Distal phalanx of pollex
Extensor Pollicis Longus(EPL)
innervation
Radial nerve
Extensor Pollicis Longus(EPL)
action
Extend pollex
Extensor Indicis
origin
Ulna, interosseus membrane
Extensor Indicis
insertion
Extensor hood of digit 2(index finger)
Extensor Indicis
innervation
Radial nerve
Extensor Indicis
action
Extend index finger
Abductor Pollicis Brevis(thenar muscle)
origin
Trapezium, scaphoid
Abductor Pollicis Brevis(thenar muscle)
insertion
Proximal phalanx(& extensor hood) of pollex
Abductor Pollicis Brevis(thenar muscle)
innervation
Median nerve
Abductor Pollicis Brevis(thenar muscle)
action
Abduct pollex
Flexor Pollicis Brevis(thenar muscle)
origin
Trapezium, flexor retinaculum
Flexor Pollicis Brevis(thenar muscle)
insertion
Proximal phalanx of pollex
Flexor Pollicis Brevis(thenar muscle)
innervation
Median nerve
Flexor Pollicis Brevis(thenar muscle)
action
Flex pollex
Opponens Pollicis(thenar muscle)
origin
Trapezium, flexor retinaculum
Opponens Pollicis(thenar muscle)
insertion
Metacarpal 1
Opponens Pollicis(thenar muscle)
innervation
Median nerve
Opponens Pollicis(thenar muscle)
action
Oppose pollex
Abductor Digiti Minimi(hypothenar muscle)
origin
Pisiform
Abductor Digiti Minimi(hypothenar muscle)
insertion
Proximal phalanx of digit 5
Abductor Digiti Minimi(hypothenar muscle)
innervation
Ulnar nerve
Abductor Digiti Minimi(hypothenar muscle)
action
Abduct digit 5
Flexor Digiti Minimi Brevis(hypothenar muscle)
origin
Hook of hamate, flexor retinaculum
Flexor Digiti Minimi Brevis(hypothenar muscle)
insertion
Proximal phalax of digit 5
Flexor Digiti Minimi Brevis(hypothenar muscle)
innervation
Ulnar nerve
Flexor Digiti Minimi Brevis(hypothenar muscle)
action
Flex digit 5
Lumbricals
origin
Lteral Two Lumbricals: lateral margin of lateral two tendons of FDP
Medial Two Lumbricals: margins of bordering tendons of FDP
Lumbricals
insertion
Extensor hoods of digits 2-5
Lumbricals
innervation
Lateral 2:median nerve
Medial 2: ulnar nerve
Lumbricals
action
Flex MCP and
Extend PIP/DIP
Adductor Pollicis
origin
Transverse head: metacarpal 3
Oblique head: capitate
Adductor Pollicis
insertion
Proximal phalanx
Adductor Pollicis
innervation
Ulnar nerve
Adductor Pollicis
action
Adduct pollex
Palmar Interosseus
origin
Sides of metacarpals
Palmar Interosseus
insertion
Extensor hoods
Palmar Interosseus
innervation
Ulnar nerve
Palmar Interosseus
action
"PAD"- palmar interossei adduct digits 1,2,4,5
Dorsal Interosseus
origin
Sides of metacarpals
Dorsal Interosseus
insertion
Extensor hoods
Dorsal Interosseus
innervation
Ulnar nerve
Dorsal Interosseus
action
"DAB"- dorsal interossei abduct digits 2-5
Flex MCP, Extend PIP/DIP