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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is scapulohumeral rhythm?
After the first 30 degrees of shoulder joint movement, the scapula moves 1 degree for every 2 degrees of shoulder joing movement.
What are the lateral rotators of the shoulder girdle?
Serratus anterior
Upper traps
Lower traps
What are the medial rotators of the shoulder girdle?
Pectoralis minor
Rhomboids
Levator scapulae
What are the elevators of the shoulder girdle?
Levator scapulae
Upper traps
What are the depressors of the shoulder girdle?
Lower traps
Pectoralis minor
What are the protractors of the shoulder girdle?
Pectoralis minor
Serratus anterior
What are the retractors of the shoulder girdle?
Middle traps
Rhomboids
Pectoralis minor
O: Ribs 3-5
I: Coracoid process
A: Scapular depression, protaction, medial rotation, and tilt
N: Median pectoral
Serratus anterior
O: Anterior & lateral side of ribs 2-8
I: Vertebral border of scapula
A: Scapular protraction & lateral rotation
N: Long thoracic
Upper Trapezius
O: Occipital ridge & cervical vertebrae
I: Acromion process
A: Scapular elevation, lateral rotation
N: Accessory (XI)
Middle Trapezius
O: Spinous processes of C7-T3
I: Spine of scapula
A: Scapular retraction
N: Accessory (XI)
Lower Trapezius
O: Spinous processes of T4-L1
I: Base of scapular spine
A: Scapular depression & lateral rotation
N: Accessory (XI)
Levator scapulae
O: Transverse processes of C1-C4
I: Superior angle
A: Scapular elevation & medial rotation
N: Dorsal scapular
Rhomboids
(Major & Minor)
O: Spinous processes of C7-T4
I: Vertebral border
A: Scapular medial rotation & retraction
N: Dorsal scapular
Anterior deltoid
O: Lateral 1/3rd of clavicle
I: Deltoid tuberosity
A: Shoulder flexion, abduction, horizontal adduction, medial rotation
N: Axillary
Medial deltoid
O: Acromion process
I: Deltoid tuberosity
A: Abduction
N: Axillary
Posterior deltoid
O: Lateral scapular spine
I: Deltoid tuberosity
A: Shoulder abduction, extension, horizontal abduction, lateral rotation
N: Axillary
Supraspinatus
O: Supraspinous fossa
I: Greater tubercle
A: Abduction, stabilizes humeral head
N: Suprascapular
Infraspinatus
O: Infraspinous fossa
I: Greater tubercle
A: Lateral rotation, horizontal abduction, extension
N: Suprascapular
Teres minor
O: Axillary border of scapula
I: Greater tubercle
A: Adduction, , lateral rotation, horizontal abduction, extension
N: Axillary
Subscapularis
O: Subscapular fossa
I: Lesser tubercle
A: Medial rotation & stabilizes joint
N: Subscapular
Teres major
O: Inferior angle
I: Bicipital groove
A: Adduction, medial rotation, extension
N: Subscapular
Pectoralis major
(Clavicular division)
O: Clavicle
I: Bicipital groove
A: Flexion 0-90, Adduction, Horizontal adduction, medial rotation
N: Pectoral
Pectoralis major
(Sternal division)
O: Sternum
I: Bicipital groove
A: Extension 180-90, Adduction, Horizontal adduction, medial rotation
N: Pectoral
Corachobrachialis
O: Coracoid process
I: Mid-humerus
A: Shoulder flexion
N: Musculocutaneous
Latissimus dorsi
O: Spinous process of T7-sacrum
I: Bicipital groove
A: Shoulder extension, medial rotation, adduction, horizontal abduction
N: Thoracodorsal
Biceps brachii
(Long head)
O: Supraglenoid tubercle
I: Radial tuberosity of radius
A: Shoulder flexion, elbow flexion, forearm supination
N: Musculocutaneous
Biceps brachii
(Short head)
O: Coracoid process
I: Radial tuberosity of radius
A: Shoulder flexion, elbow flexion, forearm supination
N: Musculocutaneous
Triceps brachii
(Long head)
O: Infraglenoid tubercle
I: Olecranon process
A: Shoulder extension, elbow extension
N: Radial
Brachialis
O: Mid humerus
I: Ulnar tuberosity
A: Elbow flexion (fully pronated)
N: Musculocutaneous
Brachioradialis
O: Lower 1/3rd of humerus
I: Styloid process of radius
A: Elbow flexion
N: Radial
Anconeus
O: Lateral epicondyle
I: Ulna & olecranon process
A: Stabilizes joint capsule
N: Radial
Supinator
O: Lateral epicondyle & ulna
I: Anterior radius
A: Supination
N: Radial
Pronator teres
O: Ulna
I: Medial epicondyle of humerus & ulna
A: Pronation
N: Median
Pronator quadratus
O: Distal ulna
I: Distal radius
A: Pronation
N: Median
Flexor carpi ulnaris
O: Medial humeral epicondyle
I: Metacarpal 5 & pisiform & capitate
A: Wrist flexion, Ulnar deviation, weak elbow flexion
N: Ulnar
Flexor carpi radialis
O: Medial humeral epicondyle
I: Metacarpals 2 & 3
A: Wrist flexion, radial deviation
N: Median
Palmaris Longus
O: Medial humeral epicondyle
I: Palmar fascia
A: Wrist flexion
N: Median
Extensor carpi radialis longus
O: Lateral humeral epicondyle
I: 2nd metacarpal
A: Wrist extension, radial deviation
N: Radial
Extensor carpi radialis brevis
O: Lateral humeral epicondyle
I: 3rd metacarpal
A: Wrist extension, weak radial deviation
N: Radial
Extensor carpi ulnaris
O: Lateral humeral epicondyle
I: 5th metacarpal
A: Wrist extension, ulnar deviation
N: Radial
Flexor digitorum superficialis
O: Medial humeral epicondyle
I: Middle phalanges of 2-5
A: Finger flexion of MCP & PIP, wrist flexion, weak elbow flex
N: Median
Flexor digitorum profundus
O: Upper third of ulna
I: Fingertips of 2-5
A: Finger flexion of MCP, PIP, DIP, wrist flexion,
N: 2-3 Median, 4-5 Ulnar
Extensor digitorum
O: Lateral humeral epicondyle
I: Distal phalanges of 2-5
A: Extension of fingers, extension of wrist
N: Radial
Extensor digiti minimi
O: Mid radius & ulna
I: distal phalanx of 5
A: Extension of pinky
N: Radial
Extensor Indicis
O: Lower third of ulna
I: Distal phalanx of 2
A: Extension of 2
N: Radial
Flexor digiti minimi brevis
O: Flexor retinaculum
I: Proximal phalanx of 5
A: Flex pinky
N: Ulnar
Abductor digiti minimi
O: Pisiform
I: Proximal phalanx of 5
A: Abduct pinky
N: Ulnar
Opponens digiti minimi
O: Flexor retinaculum
I: Head of 5th metacarpal
A: Opposition of pinky
N: Ulnar