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300 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
abacus
n. a Chinese device used to perform arithmetic equations by moving beads along rods
abase
v. to degrade; to humiliate
abash
v. to make ashamed or uneasy
abate
v. to reduce
abbess
n. a woman, commonly called Mother Superior in charge of a convent of nuns
abbreviate
v. to reduce to a shorter form
abdicate
v. to step down from a powerful position
abduct
v. to carry off a person, usually by force; to kidnap
aberrant
adj. straying from the correct or normal way
abet
v. to help someone do something illegal or wrong; to incite, encourage, or aid, especially in wrongdoing
abeyance
n. a state of not being presently used; temporary suspension or cessation
abhor
v. to hate deeply; detest
abide
v. to remain; continue; stay; endure
abut
v. border upon; to adjoin
abject
adj. extremely sad; hopeless; defeated
abjure
v. to repudiate or renounce; to give up
ablution
n. a cleansing with water or other liquid, especially as a religious ritual; the liquid used in such an act
abnegate
v. to deny oneself; to reject
abominate
v. to hate or loathe intensely
aboriginal
adj. native to an area
abortive
adj. unsuccessful
abound
v. to exist in large numbers; to be full; teem
abridge
v. to shorten; to condense; to diminish; to curtail
abrogate
v. to abolish, repeal, or nullify by authority; to do away with; to end formally
abscond
v. take flight, escape, to leave quickly and secretly
absolute
adj. total; complete
absolve
v. to make free of blame, obligation, or sin
abstain
v. to refrain from; denying oneself any action or practice
abstract
adj. difficult to understand; impersonal
abstruse
adj. hard to understand
absurd
adj. ridiculously unreasonable, laughable
abysmal
adj. bottomless; hopeless
abyss
n. bottomless pit; a profound depth or void
accede
v. to yield; give in to a request
accentuate
v. to emphasize; to make more noticeable; to accent
access
n. authorization or capacity to enter, look at, or use something
acclaim
v. to give public approval and praise; to approve enthusiastically
acclimate
v. to become suitable to a certain situation or use; adapt
accolade
n. an award, an honor; approval, praise
accomodate
v. to provide for; help; adapt; oblige
accomplice
n. a person who knowingly aids or abets another in an unlawful act or crime
accord
v. agree; conform; to grant; bestow upon
accost
v. to approach and speak to someone
accountable
adj. expected to answer for one's actions; responsible; liable
accouterments
n. the equipment needed for a particular activity or way of life; one's outfit or equipment
accrete
v. to increase by growth, or addition; adhere
accrue
v. to accumulate over time
acerbic
adj. sour; bitter; severe
acme
n. the highest point
acquiesce
v. to agree passively; comply; consent
acquisitive
adj. eager to possess and collect things; greedy
acquit
v. to decide officially someone is not guilty of a particular crime; to free from an obligation
acrid
adj. harsh; acidic
acrimonious
adj. bitter; nasty; spiteful
acronym
n. a word created from the initials of other words
acuity
n. sharpness, keeness of perception, deftness
acumen
n. mental keeness or sharpness
acute
adj. shrewd; sharp
ad lib
v. to act, speak, and perform spontaneously or off the cuff
adage
n. a wise saying or proverb; an old familiar saying that expresses folk wisdom
adamant
adj. resolute; stubborn; inflexible
addicted
adj. devoting (oneself) habitually or compulsively
address
v. to speak to
adduce
v. to give as proof; to cite
adherent
n. a follower of a leader; supporter
adjourn
v. to make a pause or rest; suspend until later
adjunct
n. something connected or added in a subordinate position; an assistant
admonish
v. to caution or warn; to criticize or scold mildly but firmly
adrenaline
n. a hormone produced by the adrenal gland; stimulation of energy and strength
adroit
adj. skillful; deft
adulation
n. extreme flattery or admiration
adumbrate
v. to sketch, to outline, to give a hint of things to come
advent
n. the arrival or beginning; coming
adventitious
adj. accidental or incidental; not expected or planned; irrelevant
adverse
adj. unfavorable; antagonistic
advocate
n. one who supports a cause; one who defends or pleads on behalf of another
aegis
n. a shield or protection
aesthetic
adj. having to do with artistic beauty
affable
adj. friendly; easy-going
affect
v. to influence, to impress the mind or move the feelings as emotion
affectation
n. false behavior intended to impress
affidavit
n. a sworn written statement
affiliate
v. to cause to become part of or to form a close relationship with; to associate or connect with
affinity
n. a natural attraction; kinship; similarity
affirm
v. to declare something to be true, to confirm or ratify
affliction
n. a condition of pain or suffering; the cause of misery, illness, or suffering
afflict
v. to cause suffering or pain
affluent
adj. wealthy, rich
afford
v. to allow to have; to provide; to have enough money to buy; to confer upon
affront
n. an action intended to insult or offend someone; an injury to one's dignity
aftermath
n. events following some occurence; a consequence of
agenda
n. schedule; program
aggrandizement
n. an exaggeration, an apearance of greater power or influence
aggregate
n. total; collection of different things
aggrieve
v. to distress or bring grief to; cause to suffer; to treat unfairly
aghast
adj. filled with terror; shocked; feelings of anxiety or fear
agnostic
n. one who believes it is impossible to know whether God exists
agog
adj. highly excited by eagerness
agrarian
adj. related to farming and land
ague
n. a malarial fever characterized by drastic changed of hot and cold body temperature
ajar
adj. partially open
alacrity
n. cheerful expectancy; eagerness
alchemy
n. a magical power or process of transmutation; a medieval study and practice of chemistry
alcove
n. nook, corner, any recessed space
allegory
n. a symbolic story
alibi
n. an excuse to avoid blame, a credible excuse or explanation of innocence
alienate
v. to make hostile; to cause to feel unwelcome or estranged
allay
v. to relieve, calm or pacify
allege
v. to state without proof
allegiance
n. devotion or loyalty to a person, country, or cause
alleviate
v. to make less severe; to relieve, to lessen
alliterative
adj. the repeating of initial consonant sounds in language
allocate
v. to assign; allot
allot
v. to give a share of something; allocate; appotion
alloy
n. combination of two or more metals
allude
v. to refer to indirectly
allure
v. to entice with something desirable; tempt
ally
v./n. to unite formally by treaty or league; a friend or close associate in a common cause
alms
n. money or goods given as charity to the poor
aloof
adj. distant, reserved in a manner; uninvolved
also-ran
n. one who is defeated in a race, election, or other competition; a loser
altar
n. an elevated structure, as a mound or platform where religious rites are performed
altercation
n. a vehement agrument, a heated quarrel
alternative
n. the choice between two possibilities; a situation presenting such a choice
altruism
n. devotion to helping others; selflessness
amalgram
n. fusion; compound; a blend of different things
amass
v. to gather or accumulate
ambiance
n. a mood, feeling; general atmosphere
ambiguous
adj. confusing; unclear as to meaning
ambivalence
n. indecision; experiencing contradictory emotions
ambulatory
adj. capable of walking
ameliorate
v. to make better
amenable
adj. agreeable, pleasant willing to give in to the wishes of another
amend
v. to alter, modify, improve; change for the better
amenity
n. a comfortable, pleasant feature
amiable
adj. friendly; agreeable
amicable
adj. possessing or showing friendliness or good will; peaceable
amid
prep. in the middle of or surrounded by
amity
n. friendship, good will, harmony
amnesty
n. political pardon
amoral
adj. lacking a sense of right and wrong; without moral feelings
amorous
adj. full of love; relating to love
amplify
v. to make larger, louder, or more powerful
anachronism
n. incongruity; something out of time or place in history
analogous
adj. comparable; similar or equivalent
analogy
n. a comparison of two things; similarity
anarchy
n. disorder; lawlessness; without government
anathema
n. something or someone greatly disliked or disapproved of
ancillary
adj. helping; providing assistance; subordinate
androgynous
adj. having the characteristics and nature of both male and female, neither specific
anecdote
n. a short, humorous story
anemic
adj. lacking power, vitality
angst
n. strong anxiety and unhappiness; a feeling of dread
anguish
n. agonizing pain, mental or physical
angular
adj. having an angle or angles; crooked; gaunt
animated
adj. filled with activity; vigor; movement
animosity
n. a feeling of ill-will; bitter hostility
annals
n. descriptive record; history
annex
n. an addition or attachment
annotation
n. an explanatory note added to a text
annuity
n. any income paid at fixed intervals
anomaly
n. an irregularity; a deviation from the norm
anomie
n. condition of an individual or of society resulting from a breakdown in standards and values
anonymity
n. the condition of being unknown or nameless
antagonism
n. active hostility or opposition
antecedent
n. something going before; an occurence or event preceding another
antedate
v. to be earlier than; precede in time; predate
anterior
adj. situated in front
anthology
n. a collection of aritistic works which usually have a similar form or subject
anthropomorphic
adj. ascribing human characteristics to something that is not human, i.e., animals, gods
anticlimactic
adj. having an end that is less important than what precedes it
antipathy
n. a natural basic dislike; aversion
antipodal
adj. situated on the opposite side of the globe; exactly opposite
antiquity
n. the quality of ancientness; ancient times
antiseptic
adj. free from germs; exceptionally clean
antithesis
n. the direct opposite
antonym
n. a word of opposite meaning; the opposite of "synonym"
anxiety
n. apprehension; uneasiness; nervousness; disquiet
apathy
n. absense or suppression of emotion or excitement
aperture
n. a narrow opening; usually a hole; esp. one that controls the amount of light reaching an optical instrument
apex
n. the highest point; peak
aphorism
n. a brief, witty saying
apocalypse
n. a prophetic prediction, esp. one concering the end of the world
apogee
n. the most important; the highest or most distant point, especially in space
apoplexy
n. the sudden loss of bodily functions caused by the rupture of a blood vessel
apostasy
n. the absolute rejection of one's religion, principles, or loyalties
apotheosis
n. the perfect example; divine
appalling
adj. causing dismay or horror
apparel
n. clothing, personal attire, something worn
apparition
n. a ghostly image; phantom; specter
appease
v. to soothe; to pacify or relieve by giving in to
appellation
n. a name, title, or other designation
appendage
n. something which exists as a smaller and less important part of something larger
apposite
adj. suitable and right for the occasion; fitting; appropriate
appraise
v. to examine something to determine the value
appreciate
v. to increase in value
apprehensive
adj. dreading or fearing coming adversity
apprentice
n. one who is learning a vocation
apprise
v. to inform; to tell; to make aware of
approbation
n. praise; approval
appropriate
v. to set aside; take without permission
appurtenance
n. an additional feature; something that supplements a more important thing; an accessory
apropos
adj. appropriate; relevant; opportune; suitable
apt
adj. likely; having a tendency to; suitable
aptitude
n. capacity for learning; natural ability
arable
adj. tillable, productive, able to be farmed
arbiter
n. judge; one who makes decisions
arbitrary
adj. decided by judgment rather than law or statute
arcade
n. a covered area or passageway in which there are shops; archways connected by pillars or columns
arcane
adj. unknown to the masses; mysterious
archaic
adj. ancient; outdated
archetype
n. the original model or pattern
archipelago
n. a large body of water containing many islands; a group of islands
archival
adj. pertaining to historical or public records, documents or archives
ardent
adj. passionate, full of desire or emotion
arduous
adj. hard, difficult, tiresome
arid
adj. having little rain; very dry; lacking imagination or feeling; uninteresting
aristocratic
adj. noble; snobbish
armada
n. a fleet of warships
armament
n. military supplies and weapons; the process of arming for war
armistice
n. an agreement between two countries or factions to stop fighting; a truce
arraign
v. to bring before a court of law; to respond to a charge; to accuse
arrant
adj. complete; unmitigated; downright; total
array
v. to place in an orderly arrangement for display
arrears
n. a debt that is late in being paid
arrogant
adj. feeling superior to others, overbearing
arsenal
n. a building where weapons and military equipment are stored; a collection of weapons; armory; any supply or store
arson
n. the malicious burning of a property
artful
adj. sly; crafty
articulate
v. to speak or pronounce clearly and distinctly; to express effectively
artifact
n. an object made by human work of archaeological or historical interest
artifice
n. cunning; trickery
artisan
n. a worker skilled in a craft
artless
adj. having no skill or art; crude
ascend
v. to go up; to rise or move upward, succeed
ascent
n. the act of ascending, rising or going up
ascertain
v. to discover; to make certain; to learn unquestionable
ascetic
adj. monk-like; practicing self-denial
ascribe
v. to attribute to a specific cause, source, or origin
asinine
adj. silly or stupid
askance
adv. with suspicion, disapproval or a lack of trust
askew
adj. to one side; crooked; awry
asperity
n. roughness or harshness, as of surface, weather, sound, or manner
aspersion
n. an insulting or malicious remark about someone
aspirant
n. someone who aspires, as to high honors or position
aspiration
n. strong desire to achieve a goal
aspire
v. to long for, aim, or seek ambitiously
assail
v. to attack violently
assay
v. to try or test; examine or analyze
assent
v. agree to a situation, opinion, or proposal; to concur
asset
n. an object of value; a useful or valuable person or resource
assert
v. to state with force or confidence
assess
v. to judge or decide the amount, value, quality or importance of
assiduous
adj. hardworking; diligent, busy
assimilate
v. to learn completely; to take in; to absorb
assuage
v. to sooth; to make less severe; to satisfy, ease, lessen
astringent
adj. stern, harsh, or severe
astute
adj. shrewd, clever, keen
asunder
adj. in separate parts or widely separated
asylum
n. a place of safety, as for political refugees; also an institution for the care of the ill
atavistic
adj. having characteristics relating to an earlier type; related to a throwback
atone
v. to make amends
atrophy
v. to wither away
attenuate
v. to make thin in consistency; to weaken
attest
v. to show or prove that something is true; to confirm or testify to
attribute
v. to credit to; to assign; to ascribe to
attrition
n. a gradual reduction or weakening; a rubbing away
atypical
adj. not typical; abnormal
audacity
n. daring; boldness
augment
v. to make or become greater
augur
v. to predict; to serve as a warning
auspices
n. sponsorship or protection; patronage; encouragement
auspicious
adj. favorable; promising for the future
austere
adj. stern, as in manner; unadorned; severely
authentic
adj. real, bona fide, original
authoritarian
n. someone who believes in total obedience or subjection to authority figures
autism
n. absorption in self-centered mental activity; withdrawal
autocratic
adj. tyrannical, despotic; ruling absolutely
autonomy
n. freedom and independence; self-government
auxiliary
adj. giving help or support; supplementary; additional
avail
v. to be useful; be of value to; to serve
avant-garde
adj. describing the advanced group in any field, esp. the arts; dealing in experimental methods
avarice
n. greed; extreme desire for wealth
aver
v. to assert with confidence; to state as true
averse
adj. having a feeling of opposition, repugnance, or disinclination
avert
v. to turn aside or away; to prevent; avoid
avid
adj. characterized by great eagerness; an unbounded craving
avow
v. to claim; admit; declare
avuncular
adj. helpful; generous; understanding
awe
n. the emotion of respect mixed with fear; reverence
awry
adj. not according to plan; off course; not straight
axiom
n. widely held belief
babble
v. prattle; to talk foolishly; chatter
bacchanal
n. any drunken party or riotous celebration
badger
v. to tease; annoy; harass persistently
bagatelle
n. something unimportant or insignificant; trifle
baleful
adj. threatening; hurtful; malignant; ominous
balk
v. to stop short and refuse to proceed
ballad
n. narrative poem recited or sung, a folk song
ballast
n. heavy material used to balance ships; stabilizer