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25 Cards in this Set

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The folder that is used for mount points like removable media like floppies or CD-ROMs
\mnt:
The default program that provides users with the ability to run programs, manipulate files and so on.
bash:
The partition that holds critical boot files. By creating a partition just for these files allows for circumventing limitations of older BIOS and loot loaders on hard disks over 8GB
Boot partition
A tool for combining files or for sending a file to a standard output.....Usually the screen.
cat
The command that changes the permissions on a file or a folder
chmod
A variant of the Second Extended Filesystem (ext2 or ext2fs) that adds a journal to reduce startup times after a power failure or system crash.
Ext3 file system
A graphical user interface and set of computer desktop applications for users of the Linux computer operating system. It's intended to make a Linux operating system easy to use for non-programmers and generally corresponds to the Windows desktop interface and its most common set of applications.
GNOME
A popluar boot loader for Linux. Can boot a Linux kernel or redirect the boot process to another boot loader in a non-Linux partition, thus booting other OSs. Similar to the competing Linux Loader (LILO)
GRUB
A computer's human-readable name, such as persephone.example.com.
HOSTNAME
The core program of any OS. The kernel provides interfaces between the software and the hardware and controls the operations of all programs.
kernel
A popular Linux boot loader. Can boot a Linux kernel or redirect the boot process to another boot loader in a non-Linux partition, thus booting other OS's. Similar to the competing Grand Unified Boot Loader.
LILO
The command line interface utility to display the files in a given directory.
Is
The first sector of a hard disk. The MBR contains code that the BIOS runs during the boot process, as well as the primary partition table.
MBR
Utility to display a file's content screen-by-screen. The ENTER key moves down a single line of text and the Space Bar moves forward one entire screen.
more
A useful utility for determining what directory you're currently working in.
pwd
The "administrator" account on a Linux system. Also called a superuser.
root
The partition associated with the root filesystem.
Root Partition
A package file format and associated utilities designed by Red Hat but now used on many other distributions as well. It features excellent dependency tracking and easy installation and removal procedures
RPM
The most common push mail protocol on the Internet. It is implemented in Linux by servers such as sendmail, Postfix, Exim, and qmail.
SMTP
A disk partition configured to be used as an extension to a computer's RAM. This enables a system to run more programs or to process larger data sets than would otherwise be possible.
Swap Partition
A protocol used for preforming remote text-based logins to a computer. It is a poor choice for connections over the Internet because it passes all data, including passwords, in an unencrypted form, which is a security risk.
Telnet
A program for editing text files on a computer.
Text editor
A standard text editor included with Linux and Unix.
vi
A symbol or set of symbols that can stand in for other characters.
Wild Card
The GUI interface available in Linux
X Window.