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28 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Describe the anatomical position.
Standing upright, head, eyes, & toes facing forward, upper limbs by the sides, palms facing forward, thumbs lateral.
The chest is anatomically referred to as the ________, and the stomach as the ________.
thorax, abdomen
The arms are anatomically referred to as the ___________, and the legs as the ______________.
upper extremities, lower extremities
The line which divides a human symmetrically is called the _______________ (3 different names used).
midsagittal, sagittal, or median plane
Lines that run parallel to the sagittal plane are called ___________________.
parasagittal planes.
The plane that divides the front of a person from the back is called the ____________ (2 names are used).
coronal or frontal plane
The plane that divides the top half of a person from the bottom half is called the ____________ (2 names are used).
horizontal or transverse plane
When something on the body is further from the median plane than something else, it is said to be _________ to it.
lateral
When something on the body is closer to the median plane than something else, it is said to be _________ to it.
medial
When something on the body is in front of something else, it is said to be ________ or _________ to it.
anterior, ventral
When something on the body is behind something else, it is said to be ________ or _________ to it.
posterior, dorsal
When something on the body is above something else, it is said to be __________, _________, or __________ to it.
superior, rostral, or cranial
When something on the body is below something else, it is said to be __________ or __________ to it.
inferior or caudal
Describe the structures in the upper extremity, starting at the body and working out.
Shoulder, arm, elbow, forearm, wrist, hand.
Describe the structures in the lower extremity, starting at the body and working out.
Hip, thigh, knee, leg, ankle, foot.
In the extremities, structures closer to the body are referred to as ________, and structures further from the body are referred to as ___________.
proximal, distal
Movement which flexes a muscle is called ________, and the opposite movement is called ________.
flexion, extension
Moving a body part towards the midline is called ________, and moving one away from the midline is called ________.
adduction, abduction
The position where the palms face down is called _________.
pronation
The position where the palms face up is called _________.
supination
The circular movement of a limb is called __________.
circumduction
A wound must reach the _________ to be considered deep.
deep fascia
The four layers of the skin, starting at the surface, are...
...the epidermis, dermis, superficial fascia, and deep fascia.
1st degree burns reach the __________.
epidermis
2nd degree burns reach the __________.
dermis
3rd degree burns reach the __________.
deep fascia
What is the pH of blood?
7.35
What is the pH of milk?
6.2