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5 Cards in this Set

  • Front
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Classification - Therapeutic: opioid analgesics
Pharmacological: opioid agonists/non opioid analgesics combination
Action: binds to opiate receptors in CNS - alters perception of pain, depress CNS
Uses - Pain
Side effects -
CNS - confusion, sedation
RESP- RESP DEPRESSION
GI - consitpation
Major Nursing implications:
Assess Pain, BP, Pulse, Resp.
Physical and psychological dependence and tolerance
Bowel Function
oxycodone sustained release tablets
(OxyContin SR)
Classification: Therapeutic-opioid anagesics Pharmacological- opioid agonists
Action:binds to opiate receptors in CNS - alters perception of pain, depress CNS
Uses:Severe pain, pulm. edema, pain r/t MI
Side effects:
CNS: confusion, sedation
Resp. RESPIRATORY DEPRESSION
CV: hypotension
GI: constipation
Major Nursing implications:
Assess Pain, BP, PULSE, RESP. LOC
Physical and psychological dependence and tolerance
Bowel Function
morphine sulfate sustained released tablet
(MS Contin)
Classification Therapeutic- opioid analgesics, anesthetic adjuncts
Pharmacological- opioid agonists
Action - binds to opiate receptors in CNS - alters perception of pain
Uses: Moderate-severe chronic pain requiring continual drug therapy for extended time
Side effects:
CNS - confusion, sedation
RESP - APNEA
GI: anorexia, constipation, dry mouth, nausea, vomiting
Derm: sweating
Major Nursing implementation
Assess Pain, BP, Pulse, Resp.
Physical and psychological dependence and tolerance
Bowel Function
fentanyl transdermal patch
(Duragesic)
Classification: Therapeutic-opioid anagesics Pharmacological- opioid agonists
Action:binds to opiate receptors in CNS - alters perception of pain, depress CNS
Uses:Severe pain, pulm. edema, pain r/t MI
Side effects:
CNS: confusion, sedation
Resp. RESPIRATORY DEPRESSION
CV: hypotension
GI: constipation
Major Nursing implications:
Assess Pain, BP, PULSE, RESP. LOC
Physical and psychological dependence and tolerance
Bowel Function
morphine sulfate sustained release capsules
(Avinza, Kadian)
Classification Therapeutic - allergy, cold & cough remedies, antitussives, opioid analgesics
Pharmacological: opioid agonists
Action: binds to opiate receptors in CNS - alters perception and response of pain, depress CNS; decrease cough reflex, diarrhea relief
Uses: Mild-moderate pain. Antitussive. diarrhea(off label use.
Side effects:
CNS: confusion, sedation
CV: hypotention
GI: constipation, nausea, vomiting
Major Nursing implementation
Assess Pain, BP, Pulse, Resp.
Physical and psychological dependence and tolerance
Bowel Function
Assess cough and lung sounds
codeine