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20 Cards in this Set

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Organism
An individual living thing, made up of one or many cells, that is capable of growing or reproducing
Cell
The smallest unit that is able to preform the basic functions of life
Unicellular
A term used to decribe an organism that is made up of a single cell
multicellular
A term used to decribe an organism that is made up of many cells
bacteria
A single celled organisms that can be associated with disease in other organisms
spontaneous generation
the idea that bacteria grew from nonliving materials
cell membrane
a protective covering that encloses the entire cell
cytoplasm
contained inside the cell membrane- this part is a gelatin like materal that does most of the work
eukaryotic cell
A cell in which the genetic material is enclosed within a nucelus, surrounded by its own membrane
nucleus
The structure in a eukaryotic cell that contains the genetic material a cell needs to reproduce and function
organelle
Scientists use this word to decribe any part of the cell that is enclosed by membrane
prokaryotic cell
In this cell, there is no seprate compartment for the genetic material. Instead, it is in the cytoplasim
cell wall
a tough outer covering that lies just outside the cell membrane.
chloroplasts
in plant cells this organelle turns sunlight into sugar.
mitochondria
the organelles that use oxygen to get energy to process food
archaea
single celled organisms w/o nuclei that can survive in extreme enviroments
domain
one of three divisions in a classification system based on different types of cells.
specialization
something that cells specific cells perform specific functions
tissue
group of similar cells that are organized to do a specific job.
organ
different tissues working together to perform a particular function