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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
dew drop on a rose petal
chickenpox; vessicate itch over 4 days, ruptures, dry out, crusts, slughs out 9-14 days later
Macule
flat (not raised); change in color; can be hypo/hyper pigmented; can be erythematous or vascular appearance
vitiligo
absence or los of pigmentation may be congenital or acquired
halo nevi
immune response destroys melanocytes in a halo around a hyperpigmented area; can progress to a white patch; can progress to vitiligo
pytyriasis alba
fine scaly appearance; alba refers to the whiteness
discoid lupus
discoid = resembling a disc;
cutis marmorata
rewarming usually restores skin to its normal appearance; skin ha sa pinkish blue mottled or marbled appearance
nevus
circumscribed change in skin due to localized reduction i nperfusion rather than depigmentation
caffe au laite spots
coffee colored spots; neurofibromatosis
melanocytic nevus
moles; minor malformation or hamartoma; may be a hgiher risk fo rmelanoma
lentigo
lens-shaped (sharply circumscribed); often on hands
pt w vascular dz + post inflammatory hyperpigmentation
acquired hyperpigmented macule
traumatic tattoo
insoluble foreign material embedded in injured skin; road rash or tattoo
erythrasma
infectious erythematous macule; often chronic superficial cornebacterium infection
morbiliform
rashes resembling measles; such rashes are common, but measles are rare; 90% are related to a drug (Acetominophen, asprin, antibiotic)
bullae
blisters
bullous
blistering
leukocytoclastic vasculitis
non-blancing vasculitic rash
dermatitic
inflammtaory skin changes evidenced by redness, scaling or crusting
pityriasis
fine scaly surface
rosea
rosy pink color
lichen
aggregate pattern of lichen growing on rocks
plannus
flattened surface
exfoliative
flaking
utricaria
hives; localized wheals throughout body
erythema migrans
lyme disease; bullseye
erosion
moist, circumscribed, depressed lesion that results from loss of part or all of the epidermal or mucosal epithelium.
ulcer
A defect in which the epidermis and at least the upper dermis has been lost.
atrophy
refers to atrophy of one or all layers of skin which includes the epidermis, the dermis and the subcutaneous fat.
seborrheic keratosis
often in sunlight exposed areas; mc benign tumor in elderly
mc skin cancer
basal cell carcinoma
main mediator of pruritus
histamine
main mediator of CNS/neurogenic pruritus
opiod peptides
Which fibers transmit pruiritis
C-fibers and delta neuron terminals; considered a separate sensory modality from pain
DERMATITIS HERPETIFORMIS:
small erosions or vesicles on elbows and upper back
dermatographia
skin stroking w finger to elicit redness, itching or wheal formation
xerosis
dry scaly skin
eczema; scratching breaks skin, gets exofliated; scab formation
scabies
inflammatory change; mc in hands and feet;
pityriasis rosea; smal patches w one big one; long axis of skin lesion is parallel to skin lines = pityriasis rosea
contact dermatitis; react to oil on plants; develop vesicles