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52 Cards in this Set

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How do you translate an active periphrastic?
about to, going to, ready to
What is an active periphrastic?
a compound of the future active participle with the verb "to be"
How do you translate a passive periphrastic?
have to, must
How do you form a passive periphrastic?
Combine a passive future participle with the verb "to be"
How do you distinguish between periphrastics and compound passive verbs of the perfect system?
a passive compound verb only uses the fourth principle part e.g. optatus est
whereas a periphrastic uses the "UR" and "ND" add-ons of the participles eg. optaturus est, optandus est
ante
before, in front of
antiquus, a um
ancient
ardeo, ardere, arsi, arsus
burn, be on fire, desire (MACRON!)
arma, orum
arms, weapons, N.
aurum, i
gold N.
aureus, a, um
golden, of gold
autem
however, moreover
bene
well
cano, canere, cecini, cantus
sing (of)
cedo, cedere, cessi, cessus
go move yield
accedo, accedere, accessi, accessus
to go, approach
discedo, discedere, discessi, discessus
go from, depart, leave
debeo, debere, debui, debitus
owe, ought
debeo, debere, debui, debitus
owe, ought (MACRON)
dominus, i
master, lord M.
durus, a, um
hard , harsh
ferrum, i
iron, sword N.
flamma, ae
flame, fire F.
imperium, i
authority power empire N.
impero, imperare, imperavi, imperatus
command, order
interficio, interficere, interfeci, interfectus
kill
invado, invadere, invasi, invasus
go into, invade, attack
magister, magistri
master, superior, director, teacher M
medius, a , um
middle of, middle
moveo, movere, movi, motus
move
removeo, removere, removi, remotus
remove (MACRON)
mox
soon
nosco, noscere, novi, notus
learn, know (in perfect)
cognosco, cognoscere, cognovi, cognitus
learn, know (in perfect)
novus, a um
new, strange
numquam / nunquam
never
umquam / unquam
ever
pius, a um
pious, loyal, dutiful
impius, a um
impious, irreverent, wicked
populos, i
people M.
possum, posse, potui
to be able , can
post
after, behind
postquam
after
quamquam
although
ruina, ae
ruin, fall, downfall, destruction
F.
ruo, ruere, rui, rutus
fall, go to ruin, rush
sine
without
socius, a um
allied
socius, i
ally M.
Tamen
nevertheless
vivo, vivere, vixi, victus
to live, be alive
voco, vocare, vocavi, vocatus
call