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10 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Double Helix
shape of DNA molecule; two DNA strands are twisted into a springlike structure; twisted ladder
Nitrogenous Base
a structure found in DNA or RNA that contains nitrogen; 4 types are adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G), cytosine (C)
Transcription
process where an RNA copy of DNA is made; happens in the nucleus
Translation
changing the information in RNA into amino acids to make proteins
Codon
set of three nitrogenous bases (letters)that make an amino acid
Mutation
any change or error in DNA
Mutagen
anything that causes a changing in DNA could be radiation (X-rays), chemicals or high
Messenger Rna
RNA that picks up information in the nucleus from DNA and travels to the cystoplasm
Ribosomal RNA
RNA that makes ribosomes; helps make proteins
Transfer RNA
RNA that transports amino acids to the ribosomes to be assembled into proteins