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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Atrophy
the wasting away of a body organ or tissue
Bastion
a fortified place, stronghold
Concord
a state of agreement, harmony, a treaty
Consummate
perfect as possible
Disarray
Disorder, confusion
Exigency
urgency, pressure
Flotsam
homeless
Frenetic
frenzied, highly agitated
Glean
gather bit by bit, collect
Grouse
type of game bird, a compliant
Incarcerate
to imprison
Incumbent
obligatory, required
Jocular
humorous
Ludicrous
ridiculous, laughable
Mordant
biting in though, manner, bitterly harsh
nettle
stinging plant
pecuniary
consisting of or measure in money
pusillanimous
cowardly, or mean-spirited
recumbent
lying down
stratagem
scheme to gain advantage on the opponent
Learning
A relatively permanent change in behavior that is brought about by experience or practice.
Habituation
A decreased response to a repeated stimulus judjed to be of no consequence. Exposure to constant stimulus when we come acustome to.
Sensitization
your senses become more atuned to some stimulus that you would usually ignore.
Ivan Pavlo
Russian physcologist credited with discovering a new type of learning called classical cond.
Classical Conditioning
A learning procedure in which associations are made between a NATURAL STIMULUS (UCS) and a NEUTRAL STIMULUS.
Neutral Stimulus
A stimulus that does not initially elicit any part of the unconditioned response. LBA
Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS)
An event that elicits a certain predictable response typically without previous trainning.
Conditioned Stimulus (CS)
A once-neutral event that elicits a given respnse after a period of training in which it has been paired with an unconditoned stimulus.
Unconditioned Response (UCR)
An organism's automatic (natural) reaction to a stimulus.
Conditioned Response (CR)
The learned reaction to a conditioned stimulus.
Stimulus
Response to sounds
Generalization
responding similarly to a range of similar stimuli.
Ex: Child-Bully
Discrimination
the ability to respnd differently to similar but distinct stimuli.
Ex: Baby-Daddy = Baby Albert
Extinction
the gradual dissapperance of a CR when the CS is repeatedly presented without the UCS (reinforcement).
Spontaneous Recovery
reappereance of CR without reinforcement after a period of time.
Counter Conditioning
consists of conditioning stimulus to a different response usued to get rid of undesirable behaviors.
Ex: Alcoholism
Avoidance Conditoning
When organism is taught to AVOID a stimulus
Reinforcement
Stimulus or event that follows a response and increases the likelihood that the response will be repeated.
Intermittent Reinforcement
occasional rather than continuous reinforcement once the CR has been established.
B.F Skinner
credited with formulating the principles of operant conditioning.
Operant Conditioning
learning in which a certain action is reinforced or punished, resulting in corresponding increases or decreases in occurence.
Shaping
tech. in which desired is "molded" by first rewarding any act similar to that behavior and then requiring ever-closer approximations to the desired behavior before giving the reward.
Positive Rein.
STRENTHENS a response by its PRESENTATION (reward).
Negative Rein.
STRENTHENS a response by its ABSENCE.
Punishment
WEAKENS a response by its PRESENTATION
Fixed Ratio
depends on a specified quantity of responses.
Variable Ratio
number of respnses before reinforcement varies from time to time.
Fixed Interval
Schedule of reinforcement in which a specific amount of time must elaspe before a response will elicit reinforcement.
Variable Interval
Schedule of reinforcement in which changing amounts of time must elapse before a response will obtain reinforcement.