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25 Cards in this Set

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A low-level software component included on a computer's motherboard in read-only memory (ROM) form. The CPU runs BIOS code when it first starts up, and the BIOS is respnosible for locating and booting an OS or OS loader.
BIOS
Program that scans the computer for know root kits - intrustion software employed by script kiddies.
chkrootkit:
a modular printing system for Unix-like computer operating systems, allows a computer to act as a print server. A computer running this is a host that can accept print jobs from client computers, process them, and send them to the appropriate printer.
CUPS:
A type of attack on a computer or network that prevents use of a computer for its intended function, typically without actually breaking into the computer. These attacks frequently involve flooding a network or computer with useless data packets that overload that target's network bandwidth.
Denial-Of-Service Attack
Displays the contents of the kernel ring buffer.
dmesg
A process that scrambles data so that only the possessor or the correct key can descramble the data to read it.
Encryption
A program or kernel configuration that blocks access to specific ports or network programs on a computer. Also a computer that's configured as a router that includes firewall software that can restrict4 access between the networks it manages.
Firewall
An application that allows you to encrypt and decrypt information, create public and private encryption keys, and use or verify digital signatures.
GPG
A term that describes the acceptance of data from an external source or the sending of data to an external source.
I/O ports
A program that monitor network traffic for suspicious activity and alerts the appropriate administrator to warning signs
IDS
Utility to submit a print job to a printer
lpr
The process of modifying network address information in datagram packet headers while in transit across a traffic routing device for the purpose of remapping a given address space into a another.
NAT
General purpose network information tool May be used to check open ports.
netstat
A network scanner that can scan for open ports on the local computer or on other computers
nmap
The process of sending bogus e-mail or putting fake Web sites with the goal of collecting sensitive personal information (typically credit card numbers)
Phishing
Software designed to search a network host for open ports. This is often used by administrators to check the security of their networks and by crackers to compromise it.
Port Scanner
Program that can block access to individual ports and report on activity directed at that port.
Portsentry
The test of hardware preformed at startup.
POST
A type of ATA interface that uses serial data transfer rather than the parallel data transfers used in older forms of ATA
SATA
An interface standard for hard disks, CD-ROM drives, tape drives, scanners, and other devices.
SCSI bus
A cable than can be used to transfer information between two devices using serial communication, often using the RS-232 standard. They may use D-subminiature connectors with 9 or 25 pins, but other connectors are used.
Serial Cable
Program that provides intrusion detection features for a network
Snort
The practice of convincing individuals to disclose sensitive information without arousing suspicion. Social engineers may pretend to be system administrators to ask for passwords, for instance.
Social engineering
a host-based Networking ACL system, used to filter network access to Internet Protocol servers on Linux. It allows host or subnetwork IP addresses, names and/or ident query replies, to be used as tokens on which to filter for access control purposes.
Tcp wrapper
Program that can monitor files for suspicious changes based don stored checksum values for the protected files.
Tripwire: