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63 Cards in this Set

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Presbyopia
An age related decreased ability to focus on near objects
Cataracts
Clouding of the lens
Glaucoma
Accumulation of fluid inside the eye that exerts pressure on the optic nerve, eventually causing blindess
Macular Degeneration
A gradual loss of acute, central, and color vision in the elderly
Vertigo
Dizziness
Tinnitus
Ringing in the ears
Otitis Media
Infection of the middle ear
Meniere's Disease
Chronic disease of the inner ear
Hearing Loss
Difficulty hearing normal conversations
Presbycusis
Inability to hear high frequency sounds
Confusion
Being perplexed or disconcerted
Delirium
An acute mental disturbance characterized by confused thinking and disrupted attention usually accompanied by disordered speech and hallucinations
Dementia
Usually a progressive condition marked by deteriorated cognitive funtioning often accompanied by emotional apathy... Has a poor prognosis
Depression
Psychoneurotic or psychotic disorder characterized by sadness, inactivity, difficulty in thinking and concentration, a significant increase or decrease in appetite and time spent sleeping, feelings of dejection and hopelessness, and sometimes suicidal tendencies
Mental Health
A state of mind in which the person copes with and adjusts to the stresses of everyday living by behaving in ways acceptable to society
Defense Mechanisms
Unconscious relations that block unpleasant or threatening feelings
Mental Illness
A disturbance in the ability to cope or adjust to stress; behavior and function are impaired
Anxiety
A vague, uneasy feeling in response to stress
Stress
A response or change in the body caused by an emotional, physical, social, or economic factor
Prosthesis
The replacement of a missing body part by an artificial substitute
Adaptive Behavior
The ability to cope with problems in ways considered appropriate by society
Maladaptive Behavior
Behavior used to cope with a feelings and situations that are considered inappropriate to society
Neglect
Giving insufficient attention, respect and care to someone who has a claim to that attention
Tumor
A new growth of abnormal cells
Benign
Do not usually cause death
Malignant
Cancerous and death can occur if not treated or controlled
Carcinomas
Arise from epithelial tissue. Can occur in the coverings of body parts
Sarcomas
Arise in connective tissue. Can occur in bone, muscle, cartilage, and other types of connective tissue. Tend to affect primarily young people and metastasize rapidly
Febrile
With fever
Afebrile
Without fever
Thready Pulse
A weak and rapid pulse
Bounding Pulse
An unusually strong pulse
Arrhythmia
A pulse with irregular rhythm
Dyspnea
Labored or difficult breathing
Oral Temperature
98.6
Rectal Temperature
99.6
Axillary
97.6
Tympanic
98.6
Adult Respiration Rate
12-20 bpm
Children Respiration Rate
20-40 bpm
Infant Respiratory Rate
25-40 bpm
Orthostatic Hypotension
Occurs when the blood pressure decreases rapidly in relation to position changes from lying to sitting or standing
Active Exercise
Exercises performed by the patient
Continuous Passive Motion (CPM)
Exercises that are performed by motorized exercise machinery that keeps a joint in constant slow motion
Contracture
A permanently flexed joint that occurs with shortened muscle tissue
Circumduction
The circular movement of a limb
Dorsal Recumbent
A position where the patient is lying supine with the knees flexed
Footboard
A board placed at the foot of the bed that supports the feet at right angles to the body
High-Fowlers
A position that results from raising the head of the bed to a 90 degree angle
Lithotomy
A position where the patient is lying supine with the knees and hips flexed
Low-Fowlers
A position that results from the raising the head of the bed to a 30 degree angle
Passive Exercises
Exercises that are performed by the Corpsman/Technician when the patient is unable to mvoe a body part independently
Range of Motion (ROM)
THe degree to which a joint is moved by flexion and extension; defined by the degrees of a circle
Semi-Fowlers
A position that results from raising the head of the bed to a 45 degree angle
Sim's
A side-lying position that has the patient on either side with the top leg flexed up toward the abdomen
Closed Reduction
Realigning a broken bone by manual manipulation without incisions
Fiberglass
Composite structural material of plastic and fiberglass that is used in casting for children and elderly for light weight properties
Open Reduction
Realigning a broken bone through surgery with incisions
Orthopedics
The branch of medicine that is concerned with the correction or prevention of skeletal deformitites
Pressure Pint
Areas on the skin where the cast has been indented or pushed in that may cause sores and skin breakdown
Pressure Ulcer
A sore caused by pressure or rubbing against something for a period of time
Reduction
A procedure used to reposition the ends of a broken bone
Stockinet
A soft, elastic, usually cotton fabric used especially for bandages and infants' wear